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Re: [libvirt] [PATCH] qemu: fix crash when mixing sync and async monitor jobs

At 07/29/2011 09:34 PM, Eric Blake write:
On 07/29/2011 02:59 AM, Wen Congyang wrote:
At 07/29/2011 07:47 AM, Eric Blake Write:
Currently, we attempt to run sync job and async job at the same time. It
means that the monitor commands for two jobs can be run in any order.

In the function qemuDomainObjEnterMonitorInternal():
if (priv->job.active == QEMU_JOB_NONE&& priv->job.asyncJob) {
if (qemuDomainObjBeginNestedJob(driver, obj)< 0)
We check whether the caller is an async job by priv->job.active and
priv->job.asynJob. But when an async job is running, and a sync job is
also running at the time of the check, then priv->job.active is not
QEMU_JOB_NONE. So we cannot check whether the caller is an async job
in the function qemuDomainObjEnterMonitorInternal(), and must instead
put the burden on the caller to tell us when an async command wants
to do a nested job.

My initial smoke testing shows that this fixes 'virsh managedsave',
but I still have more testing to do before I'm convinced I got
everything (for example, I need to test migration still).

I test this patch with save by virt-manager, and find that it will cause
libvirt to be deadlock.

I'm seeing deadlock as well, in my further testing.

With this patch, we can ignore the return value of
because these two functions always return 0. But we can not ignore the
return value of qemuDomainObjEnterMonitorAsync().
If qemuDomainObjEnterMonitorAsync() failed, we do nothing in this
So it's very dangerous to call qemuDomainObjExitMonitorWithDriver() when
qemuDomainObjEnterMonitorAsync() failed.

I think this problem already exists before this patch.

First, a meta-question - is the approach of this patch better than the
approach of your patch (that is, this patch was attempting to make the
sync job condvar be the only condition used for starting a monitor
command, and the async job condvar merely ensures that only one async
job can be run at once and that an async monitor command corresponds to
the current async job)? Or is this patch beyond hope with its deadlock
problems, so that we should go with your patch (adding a new condvar in
the monitor to allow both sync job and async job to request a monitor
command, with the monitor doing the serialization)?

First, I think your patch is better.

The reason of the deadlock problem is that: we ignore the return value of
qemuDomainObjEnterMonitor(WithDriver). Without your patch, it's very very
dangerous to ignore it if the job is async job.

With your patch, qemuDomainObjEnterMonitor(WithDriver) is changed to qemuDomainObjEnterMonitorAsync() if the job is async job. So with your patch, we can ignore qemuDomainObjEnterMonitor(WithDriver)'s return value safely. But we must not ignore qemuDomainObjEnterMonitorAsync()'s return value.

-static int ATTRIBUTE_NONNULL(1)
+static int
qemuDomainObjEnterMonitorInternal(struct qemud_driver *driver,
bool driver_locked,
- virDomainObjPtr obj)
+ virDomainObjPtr obj,
+ enum qemuDomainAsyncJob asyncJob)
qemuDomainObjPrivatePtr priv = obj->privateData;

- if (priv->job.active == QEMU_JOB_NONE&& priv->job.asyncJob) {
+ if (asyncJob != QEMU_ASYNC_JOB_NONE) {
+ if (asyncJob != priv->job.asyncJob) {

When we recover a async job after livbirtd restart, priv->job.asyncJob
because we call qemuDomainObjRestoreJob() to reset priv->job in the
function qemuProcessReconnect().

Can that be fixed with a tweak to qemuDomainObjRestoreJob()?

Maybe. But I think we can use QEMU_ASYNC_JOB_NONE when we recover or
cancel a job.

+ _("unepxected async job %d"), asyncJob);
+ return -1;
+ }
if (qemuDomainObjBeginJobInternal(driver, driver_locked, obj,
return -1;
if (!virDomainObjIsActive(obj)) {
qemuReportError(VIR_ERR_OPERATION_FAILED, "%s",
_("domain is no longer running"));
return -1;

if the domain is not active after calling
qemuDomainObjBeginJobInternal(), we set
priv->job.active to QEMU_JOB_ASYNC_NESTED, but we do not clear it and
notify the other
thread which is waiting priv->job.cond.

Good catch.

@@ -2424,7 +2430,8 @@ qemuProcessRecoverJob(struct qemud_driver *driver,
if (qemuProcessStartCPUs(driver, vm, conn,
+ job->asyncJob)< 0) {

As the above mentioned, we set priv->job.asynJob to
priv->job.active is QEMU_JOB_MODIFY. I think we can use
instead of job->asyncJob safely.

I'll give it a shot.

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