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Re: [libvirt] [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v7 0/6] file descriptor passing using fd sets

On Wed, Aug 8, 2012 at 3:54 PM, Corey Bryant <coreyb linux vnet ibm com> wrote:
> On 08/08/2012 09:04 AM, Stefan Hajnoczi wrote:
>> On Tue, Aug 7, 2012 at 4:58 PM, Corey Bryant <coreyb linux vnet ibm com>
>> wrote:
>>> libvirt's sVirt security driver provides SELinux MAC isolation for
>>> Qemu guest processes and their corresponding image files.  In other
>>> words, sVirt uses SELinux to prevent a QEMU process from opening
>>> files that do not belong to it.
>>> sVirt provides this support by labeling guests and resources with
>>> security labels that are stored in file system extended attributes.
>>> Some file systems, such as NFS, do not support the extended
>>> attribute security namespace, and therefore cannot support sVirt
>>> isolation.
>>> A solution to this problem is to provide fd passing support, where
>>> libvirt opens files and passes file descriptors to QEMU.  This,
>>> along with SELinux policy to prevent QEMU from opening files, can
>>> provide image file isolation for NFS files stored on the same NFS
>>> mount.
>>> This patch series adds the add-fd, remove-fd, and query-fdsets
>>> QMP monitor commands, which allow file descriptors to be passed
>>> via SCM_RIGHTS, and assigned to specified fd sets.  This allows
>>> fd sets to be created per file with fds having, for example,
>>> different access rights.  When QEMU needs to reopen a file with
>>> different access rights, it can search for a matching fd in the
>>> fd set.  Fd sets also allow for easy tracking of fds per file,
>>> helping to prevent fd leaks.
>>> Support is also added to the block layer to allow QEMU to dup an
>>> fd from an fdset when the filename is of the /dev/fdset/nnn format,
>>> where nnn is the fd set ID.
>>> No new SELinux policy is required to prevent open of NFS files
>>> (files with type nfs_t).  The virt_use_nfs boolean type simply
>>> needs to be set to false, and open will be prevented (and dup will
>>> be allowed).  For example:
>>>      # setsebool virt_use_nfs 0
>>>      # getsebool virt_use_nfs
>>>      virt_use_nfs --> off
>>> Corey Bryant (6):
>>>    qemu-char: Add MSG_CMSG_CLOEXEC flag to recvmsg
>>>    qapi: Introduce add-fd, remove-fd, query-fdsets
>>>    monitor: Clean up fd sets on monitor disconnect
>>>    block: Convert open calls to qemu_open
>>>    block: Convert close calls to qemu_close
>>>    block: Enable qemu_open/close to work with fd sets
>>>   block/raw-posix.c |   42 ++++-----
>>>   block/raw-win32.c |    6 +-
>>>   block/vdi.c       |    5 +-
>>>   block/vmdk.c      |   25 +++--
>>>   block/vpc.c       |    4 +-
>>>   block/vvfat.c     |   16 ++--
>>>   cutils.c          |    5 +
>>>   monitor.c         |  273
>>> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>   monitor.h         |    5 +
>>>   osdep.c           |  117 +++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>   qapi-schema.json  |  110 +++++++++++++++++++++
>>>   qemu-char.c       |   12 ++-
>>>   qemu-common.h     |    2 +
>>>   qemu-tool.c       |   20 ++++
>>>   qerror.c          |    4 +
>>>   qerror.h          |    3 +
>>>   qmp-commands.hx   |  131 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>   savevm.c          |    4 +-
>>>   18 files changed, 730 insertions(+), 54 deletions(-)
>> Are there tests for this feature?  Do you have test scripts used
>> during development?
> Yes I have some C code that I've been using for testing.  I can clean it up
> and provide it if you'd like.

That would be very useful.  tests/ has test cases.  For the block
layer tests/qemu-iotests/ is especially relevant, that's where a lot
of the test cases go.  If you look at test case 030 you'll see how a
Python script interacts with QMP to test image streaming -
unfortunately I think Python doesn't natively support SCM_RIGHTS.  But
a test script would be very useful so it can be used as a regression
test in the future.

>> Here's what I've gathered:
>> Applications use add-fd to add file descriptors to fd sets.  An fd set
>> contains one or more file descriptors, each with different access
>> modes (O_RDONLY, O_RDWR, O_WRONLY).  File descriptors can be retrieved
>> from the fd set and are matched by their access modes.  This allows
>> QEMU to reopen files with different access modes.
>> File descriptors stay in their fd set until explicitly removed by the
>> remove-fd command or when all monitor clients have disconnected.  This
>> ensures that file descriptors are not leaked after a monitor client
>> crashes.  Automatic removal on monitor close is postponed until all
>> duped fds have been fd - this means QEMU can still reopen an in-use fd
> I assume you mean "... until all duped fds have been *closed* - ..."

Yes, my typo :)

>> after a client disconnects.
>> Does this sound right?
> Yes, exactly.
> I should point out there is an issue that needs to be cleaned up in the
> future.  There are short windows of time where refcount can get to zero
> while an image file is in use.  This is because the file is being reopened.
> For example, I've noticed this occurs when format= is not specified on the
> device_add command and the file is probed, and when mouting/unmounting a
> file system.  Hopefully this can be treated as a follow-up issue.

The block layer doesn't treat this as a "reopen" today.  Supriya
Kannery has a patch series for bdrv_reopen() which would also need to
be integrated with fd sets to ensure the refcount doesn't hit 0 and
cause a cleanup.

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