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[libvirt] [PATCHv2 1/4] libssh2_transport: add main libssh2 transport implementation



This patch adds helper functions to libssh2 that enable us to use
libssh2 in conjunction with libvirt-native virNetSockets instead of
using a spawned "ssh" client process.

This implemetation supports tunneled plaintext, keyboard-interactive,
private key, ssh agent based and null authentication. Libvirt's Auth
callback is used for interaction with the user. (Keyboard interactive
authentication, adding of host keys, private key passphrases). This
enables seamless integration into the application using libvirt, as no
helpers as "ssh-askpass" are needed.

Reading and writing of OpenSSH style "known_hosts" files is supported.

Communication is done using SSH exec channel, where the user may specify
arbitrary command to be executed on the remote side and reads and writes
to/from stdin/out are sent through the ssh channel. Usage of stderr is
not supported.

As a bonus, this should (untested) add SSH support to libvirt clients
running on Windows.
---
 configure.ac                   |   40 +-
 include/libvirt/virterror.h    |    2 +
 po/POTFILES.in                 |    1 +
 src/Makefile.am                |   16 +-
 src/libvirt_libssh2.syms       |   18 +
 src/rpc/virnetlibssh2session.c | 1464 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 src/rpc/virnetlibssh2session.h |   83 +++
 src/util/virterror.c           |    8 +-
 8 files changed, 1626 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 src/libvirt_libssh2.syms
 create mode 100644 src/rpc/virnetlibssh2session.c
 create mode 100644 src/rpc/virnetlibssh2session.h

diff --git a/configure.ac b/configure.ac
index 8a04d91..5af2549 100644
--- a/configure.ac
+++ b/configure.ac
@@ -73,6 +73,7 @@ OPENWSMAN_REQUIRED="2.2.3"
 LIBPCAP_REQUIRED="1.0.0"
 LIBNL_REQUIRED="1.1"
 LIBSSH2_REQUIRED="1.0"
+LIBSSH2_TRANSPORT_REQUIRED="1.3"
 LIBBLKID_REQUIRED="2.17"
 DBUS_REQUIRED="1.0.0"

@@ -401,6 +402,8 @@ AC_ARG_WITH([console-lock-files],
                   (use auto for default paths on some platforms)
                   @<:@default=auto@:>@]),
   [],[with_console_lock_files=auto])
+AC_ARG_WITH([libssh2_transport],
+  AC_HELP_STRING([--with-libssh2_transport], [libssh2 location @<:@default=check@:>@]),[],[with_libssh2_transport=check])

 dnl
 dnl in case someone want to build static binaries
@@ -1706,29 +1709,58 @@ AM_CONDITIONAL([WITH_UML], [test "$with_uml" = "yes"])


 dnl
-dnl check for libssh2 (PHYP)
+dnl check for libssh2 (PHYP and libssh2 transport)
 dnl

 LIBSSH2_CFLAGS=""
 LIBSSH2_LIBS=""

-if test "$with_phyp" = "yes" || test "$with_phyp" = "check"; then
+if test "$with_phyp" = "yes" || test "$with_phyp" = "check" ||
+   test "$with_libssh2_transport" = "yes"  || test "$with_libssh2_transport" = "check"; then
     PKG_CHECK_MODULES([LIBSSH2], [libssh2 >= $LIBSSH2_REQUIRED], [
-        with_phyp=yes
+        if test "$with_phyp" = "check"; then
+            with_phyp=yes
+        fi
+        if $PKG_CONFIG "libssh2 >= $LIBSSH2_TRANSPORT_REQUIRED"; then
+            if test "$with_libssh2_transport" = "check"; then
+                with_libssh2_transport=yes
+            fi
+        else
+            if test "$with_libssh2_transport" = "check"; then
+                with_libssh2_transport=no
+                AC_MSG_NOTICE([libssh2 >= $LIBSSH2_TRANSPORT_REQUIRED is required for libssh2 transport])
+            fi
+            if test "$with_libssh2_transport" = "yes"; then
+                AC_MSG_ERROR([libssh2 >= $LIBSSH2_TRANSPORT_REQUIRED is required for libssh2 transport])
+            fi
+        fi
     ], [
         if test "$with_phyp" = "check"; then
             with_phyp=no
             AC_MSG_NOTICE([libssh2 is required for Phyp driver, disabling it])
-        else
+        fi
+        if test "$with_phyp" = "yes"; then
             AC_MSG_ERROR([libssh2 >= $LIBSSH2_REQUIRED is required for Phyp driver])
         fi
+        if test "$with_libssh2_transport" = "check"; then
+            with_libssh2_transport=no
+            AC_MSG_NOTICE([libssh2 >= $LIBSSH2_TRANSPORT_REQUIRED is required for libssh2 transport])
+        fi
+        if test "$with_libssh2_transport" = "yes"; then
+            AC_MSG_ERROR([libssh2 >= $LIBSSH2_TRANSPORT_REQUIRED is required for libssh2 transport])
+        fi
     ])
 fi

 if test "$with_phyp" = "yes"; then
     AC_DEFINE_UNQUOTED([WITH_PHYP], 1, [whether IBM HMC / IVM driver is enabled])
 fi
+if test "$with_libssh2_transport" = "yes"; then
+    AC_DEFINE_UNQUOTED([HAVE_LIBSSH2], 1, [whether libssh2 transport is enabled])
+fi
+
 AM_CONDITIONAL([WITH_PHYP],[test "$with_phyp" = "yes"])
+AM_CONDITIONAL([HAVE_LIBSSH2], [test "$with_libssh2_transport" = "yes"])

 AC_SUBST([LIBSSH2_CFLAGS])
 AC_SUBST([LIBSSH2_LIBS])
diff --git a/include/libvirt/virterror.h b/include/libvirt/virterror.h
index 913fc5d..9c751b6 100644
--- a/include/libvirt/virterror.h
+++ b/include/libvirt/virterror.h
@@ -110,6 +110,7 @@ typedef enum {
     VIR_FROM_AUTH = 46,         /* Error from auth handling */
     VIR_FROM_DBUS = 47,         /* Error from DBus */
     VIR_FROM_PARALLELS = 48,    /* Error from Parallels */
+    VIR_FROM_LIBSSH = 49,       /* Error from libssh2 connection transport */

 # ifdef VIR_ENUM_SENTINELS
     VIR_ERR_DOMAIN_LAST
@@ -279,6 +280,7 @@ typedef enum {
     VIR_ERR_BLOCK_COPY_ACTIVE = 83,     /* action prevented by block copy job */
     VIR_ERR_OPERATION_UNSUPPORTED = 84, /* The requested operation is not
                                            supported */
+    VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR = 85,         /* error in libssh2 transport driver */
 } virErrorNumber;

 /**
diff --git a/po/POTFILES.in b/po/POTFILES.in
index e617952..62eda8e 100644
--- a/po/POTFILES.in
+++ b/po/POTFILES.in
@@ -91,6 +91,7 @@ src/rpc/virkeepalive.c
 src/rpc/virnetclient.c
 src/rpc/virnetclientprogram.c
 src/rpc/virnetclientstream.c
+src/rpc/virnetlibssh2session.c
 src/rpc/virnetmessage.c
 src/rpc/virnetsaslcontext.c
 src/rpc/virnetsocket.c
diff --git a/src/Makefile.am b/src/Makefile.am
index 79b4e59..350e4c6 100644
--- a/src/Makefile.am
+++ b/src/Makefile.am
@@ -1317,6 +1317,10 @@ if HAVE_SASL
 USED_SYM_FILES += libvirt_sasl.syms
 endif

+if HAVE_LIBSSH2
+USED_SYM_FILES += libvirt_libssh2.syms
+endif
+
 if WITH_ATOMIC_OPS_PTHREAD
 USED_SYM_FILES += libvirt_atomic.syms
 endif
@@ -1333,7 +1337,8 @@ EXTRA_DIST += \
   libvirt_qemu.syms		\
   libvirt_sasl.syms		\
   libvirt_vmx.syms		\
-  libvirt_xenxs.syms
+  libvirt_xenxs.syms	\
+  libvirt_libssh2.syms

 GENERATED_SYM_FILES = libvirt.syms libvirt.def libvirt_qemu.def

@@ -1512,6 +1517,13 @@ libvirt_net_rpc_la_SOURCES = \
 	rpc/virnettlscontext.h rpc/virnettlscontext.c \
 	rpc/virkeepaliveprotocol.h rpc/virkeepaliveprotocol.c \
 	rpc/virkeepalive.h rpc/virkeepalive.c
+if HAVE_LIBSSH2
+libvirt_net_rpc_la_SOURCES += \
+	rpc/virnetlibssh2session.h rpc/virnetlibssh2session.c
+else
+EXTRA_DIST += \
+	rpc/virnetlibssh2session.h rpc/virnetlibssh2session.c
+endif
 if HAVE_SASL
 libvirt_net_rpc_la_SOURCES += \
 	rpc/virnetsaslcontext.h rpc/virnetsaslcontext.c
@@ -1522,11 +1534,13 @@ endif
 libvirt_net_rpc_la_CFLAGS = \
 			$(GNUTLS_CFLAGS) \
 			$(SASL_CFLAGS) \
+			$(LIBSSH2_CFLAGS) \
 			$(XDR_CFLAGS) \
 			$(AM_CFLAGS)
 libvirt_net_rpc_la_LDFLAGS = \
 			$(GNUTLS_LIBS) \
 			$(SASL_LIBS) \
+			$(LIBSSH2_LIBS)\
 			$(AM_LDFLAGS) \
 			$(CYGWIN_EXTRA_LDFLAGS) \
 			$(MINGW_EXTRA_LDFLAGS)
diff --git a/src/libvirt_libssh2.syms b/src/libvirt_libssh2.syms
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1d2007c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/libvirt_libssh2.syms
@@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
+#
+# libssh2 session - specific symbols
+#
+
+# virnetlibssh2session.h
+#
+virNetLibSSH2ChannelRead;
+virNetLibSSH2ChannelWrite;
+virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthAddAgentAuth;
+virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthAddKeyboardAuth;
+virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthAddPasswordAuth;
+virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthAddPrivKeyAuth;
+virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthReset;
+virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthSetCallback;
+virNetLibSSH2SessionConnect;
+virNetLibSSH2SessionHasCachedData;
+virNetLibSSH2SessionSetChannelCommand;
+virNetLibSSH2SessionSetHostKeyVerification;
diff --git a/src/rpc/virnetlibssh2session.c b/src/rpc/virnetlibssh2session.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8029b27
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/rpc/virnetlibssh2session.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1464 @@
+/*
+ * virnetlibssh2session.c: libssh2 network transport provider
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Red Hat, Inc.
+ *
+ * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+ * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+ * Lesser General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License along with this library;  If not, see
+ * <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ *
+ * Author: Peter Krempa <pkrempa redhat com>
+ */
+#include <config.h>
+#include <libssh2.h>
+#include <libssh2_publickey.h>
+
+#include "virnetlibssh2session.h"
+
+#include "internal.h"
+#include "buf.h"
+#include "memory.h"
+#include "logging.h"
+#include "configmake.h"
+#include "threads.h"
+#include "util.h"
+#include "virterror_internal.h"
+#include "virobject.h"
+
+#define VIR_FROM_THIS VIR_FROM_LIBSSH
+
+static const char
+vir_libssh2_key_comment[] = "added by libvirt libssh2 transport";
+#define VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_BUFFER_SIZE  1024
+
+typedef enum {
+    VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_NEW,
+    VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_HANDSHAKE_COMPLETE,
+    VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_AUTH_CALLBACK_ERROR,
+    VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_CLOSED,
+    VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_ERROR,
+    VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_ERROR_REMOTE,
+} virNetLibSSH2SessionState;
+
+typedef enum {
+    VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTHCB_OK,
+    VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTHCB_NO_METHOD,
+    VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTHCB_OOM,
+    VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTHCB_RETR_ERR,
+} virNetLibSSH2AuthCallbackError;
+
+typedef enum {
+    VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTH_KEYBOARD_INTERACTIVE,
+    VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTH_PASSWORD,
+    VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTH_PRIVKEY,
+    VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTH_AGENT
+} virNetLibSSH2AuthMethods;
+
+
+typedef struct _virNetLibSSH2AuthMethod virNetLibSSH2AuthMethod;
+typedef virNetLibSSH2AuthMethod *virNetLibSSH2AuthMethodPtr;
+
+struct _virNetLibSSH2AuthMethod {
+    virNetLibSSH2AuthMethods method;
+    const char *username;
+    const char *password;
+    const char *filename;
+
+    int tries;
+};
+
+struct _virNetLibSSH2Session {
+    virObject object;
+    virNetLibSSH2SessionState state;
+    virMutex lock;
+
+    /* libssh2 internal stuff */
+    LIBSSH2_SESSION *session;
+    LIBSSH2_CHANNEL *channel;
+    LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOSTS *knownHosts;
+    LIBSSH2_AGENT *agent;
+
+    /* for host key checking */
+    virNetLibSSH2HostkeyVerify hostKeyVerify;
+    const char *knownHostsFile;
+    const char *hostname;
+    int port;
+
+    /* authentication stuff */
+    virConnectAuthPtr cred;
+    virNetLibSSH2AuthCallbackError authCbErr;
+    size_t nauths;
+    virNetLibSSH2AuthMethodPtr *auths;
+
+    /* channel stuff */
+    const char *channelCommand;
+    int channelCommandReturnValue;
+
+    /* read cache */
+    char rbuf[VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_BUFFER_SIZE];
+    size_t bufUsed;
+    size_t bufStart;
+};
+
+static void
+virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthMethodsFree(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess)
+{
+    int i;
+
+    for (i = 0; i < sess->nauths; i++) {
+        VIR_FREE(sess->auths[i]->username);
+        VIR_FREE(sess->auths[i]->password);
+        VIR_FREE(sess->auths[i]->filename);
+        VIR_FREE(sess->auths[i]);
+    }
+
+    VIR_FREE(sess->auths);
+    sess->nauths = 0;
+}
+
+static void
+virNetLibSSH2SessionDispose(void *obj)
+{
+    virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess = obj;
+    VIR_DEBUG("sess=0x%p", sess);
+
+    if (!sess)
+        return;
+
+    if (sess->channel) {
+        libssh2_channel_send_eof(sess->channel);
+        libssh2_channel_close(sess->channel);
+        libssh2_channel_free(sess->channel);
+    }
+
+    libssh2_knownhost_free(sess->knownHosts);
+    libssh2_agent_free(sess->agent);
+
+    if (sess->session) {
+        libssh2_session_disconnect(sess->session,
+                                   "libvirt: virNetLibSSH2SessionFree()");
+        libssh2_session_free(sess->session);
+    }
+
+    virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthMethodsFree(sess);
+
+    VIR_FREE(sess->channelCommand);
+    VIR_FREE(sess->hostname);
+    VIR_FREE(sess->knownHostsFile);
+}
+
+static virClassPtr virNetLibSSH2SessionClass;
+static int
+virNetLibSSH2SessionOnceInit(void)
+{
+    if (!(virNetLibSSH2SessionClass = virClassNew("virNetLibSSH2Session",
+                                                  sizeof(virNetLibSSH2Session),
+                                                  virNetLibSSH2SessionDispose)))
+        return -1;
+
+    return 0;
+}
+VIR_ONCE_GLOBAL_INIT(virNetLibSSH2Session);
+
+static virNetLibSSH2AuthMethodPtr
+virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthMethodNew(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess)
+{
+    virNetLibSSH2AuthMethodPtr auth;
+
+    if (VIR_ALLOC(auth) < 0)
+        goto error;
+
+    if (VIR_EXPAND_N(sess->auths, sess->nauths, 1) < 0)
+        goto error;
+
+    sess->auths[sess->nauths - 1] = auth;
+
+    return auth;
+
+error:
+    VIR_FREE(auth);
+    return NULL;
+}
+
+/* keyboard interactive authentication callback */
+static void
+virNetLibSSH2KbIntCb(const char *name ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
+                     int name_len ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
+                     const char *instruction ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
+                     int instruction_len ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
+                     int num_prompts,
+                     const LIBSSH2_USERAUTH_KBDINT_PROMPT *prompts,
+                     LIBSSH2_USERAUTH_KBDINT_RESPONSE *responses,
+                     void **opaque)
+{
+    virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr priv = *opaque;
+    virConnectCredentialPtr askcred = NULL;
+    int i;
+    int credtype_echo = -1;
+    int credtype_noecho = -1;
+    char *tmp;
+
+    priv->authCbErr = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTHCB_OK;
+
+    /* find credential type for asking passwords */
+    for (i = 0; i < priv->cred->ncredtype; i++) {
+        if (priv->cred->credtype[i] == VIR_CRED_PASSPHRASE ||
+            priv->cred->credtype[i] == VIR_CRED_NOECHOPROMPT)
+            credtype_noecho = priv->cred->credtype[i];
+
+        if (priv->cred->credtype[i] == VIR_CRED_ECHOPROMPT)
+            credtype_echo = priv->cred->credtype[i];
+    }
+
+    if (credtype_echo < 0 || credtype_noecho < 0) {
+        priv->authCbErr = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTHCB_NO_METHOD;
+        return;
+    }
+
+    if (VIR_ALLOC_N(askcred, num_prompts) < 0) {
+        priv->authCbErr = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTHCB_OOM;
+        return;
+    }
+
+    /* fill data structures for auth callback */
+    for (i = 0; i < num_prompts; i++) {
+        if (!(askcred[i].prompt = strdup(prompts[i].text))) {
+            priv->authCbErr = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTHCB_OOM;
+            goto cleanup;
+        }
+
+        /* remove colon and trailing spaces from prompts, as default behavior
+         * of libvirt's auth callback is to add them */
+        if ((tmp = strrchr(askcred[i].prompt, ':')))
+            *tmp = '\0';
+
+        askcred[i].type = prompts[i].echo ? credtype_echo : credtype_noecho;
+    }
+
+    /* retrieve responses using the auth callback */
+    if (priv->cred->cb(askcred, num_prompts, priv->cred->cbdata)) {
+        priv->authCbErr = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTHCB_RETR_ERR;
+        goto cleanup;
+    }
+
+    /* copy retrieved data back */
+    for (i = 0; i < num_prompts; i++) {
+        responses[i].text = askcred[i].result;
+        askcred[i].result = NULL; /* steal the pointer */
+        responses[i].length = askcred[i].resultlen;
+    }
+
+cleanup:
+    if (askcred) {
+        for (i = 0; i < num_prompts; i++) {
+            VIR_FREE(askcred[i].result);
+            VIR_FREE(askcred[i].prompt);
+        }
+    }
+
+    VIR_FREE(askcred);
+
+    return;
+}
+
+/* check session host keys
+ *
+ * this function checks the known host database and verifies the key
+ * errors are raised in this func
+ *
+ * return value: 0 on success, -1 on error
+ */
+static int
+virNetLibSSH2CheckHostKey(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess)
+{
+    int ret;
+    const char *key;
+    const char *keyhash;
+    int keyType;
+    size_t keyLength;
+    char *errmsg;
+    virBuffer buff = VIR_BUFFER_INITIALIZER;
+    virConnectCredential askKey;
+    struct libssh2_knownhost *knownHostEntry = NULL;
+    int i;
+    char *hostnameStr = NULL;
+
+    if (sess->hostKeyVerify == VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_HOSTKEY_VERIFY_IGNORE)
+        return 0;
+
+    /* get the key */
+    key = libssh2_session_hostkey(sess->session, &keyLength, &keyType);
+    if (!key) {
+        libssh2_session_last_error(sess->session, &errmsg, NULL, 0);
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR,
+                       _("Failed to retrieve ssh host key: %s"),
+                       errmsg);
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    /* verify it */
+    ret = libssh2_knownhost_checkp(sess->knownHosts,
+                                   sess->hostname,
+                                   sess->port,
+                                   key,
+                                   keyLength,
+                                   LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_TYPE_PLAIN |
+                                   LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_KEYENC_RAW,
+                                   &knownHostEntry);
+
+    switch (ret) {
+    case LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_CHECK_NOTFOUND:
+        /* key was not found, query to add it to database */
+        if (sess->hostKeyVerify == VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_HOSTKEY_VERIFY_NORMAL) {
+            /* ask to add the key */
+            if (!sess->cred || !sess->cred->cb) {
+                virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                               _("No user interaction callback provided: "
+                                 "Can't verify the session host key"));
+                return -1;
+            }
+
+            /* prepare data for the callback */
+            memset(&askKey, 0, sizeof(virConnectCredential));
+
+            for (i = 0; i < sess->cred->ncredtype; i++) {
+                if (sess->cred->credtype[i] == VIR_CRED_ECHOPROMPT) {
+                    i = -1;
+                    break;
+                }
+            }
+
+            if (i > 0) {
+                virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                               _("no suitable method to retrieve "
+                                 "authentication cretentials"));
+                return -1;
+            }
+
+            /* calculate remote key hash, using MD5 algorithm that is
+             * usual in OpenSSH. The returned value should *NOT* be freed*/
+            if (!(keyhash = libssh2_hostkey_hash(sess->session,
+                                                 LIBSSH2_HOSTKEY_HASH_MD5))) {
+                virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                               _("failed to calculate ssh host key hash"));
+                return -1;
+            }
+            /* format the host key into a nice userfriendly string.
+             * Sadly, there's no constant to describe the hash length, so
+             * we have to use a *MAGIC* constant. */
+            for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
+                    virBufferAsprintf(&buff, "%02hhX:", keyhash[i]);
+            virBufferTrim(&buff, ":", 1);
+
+            if (virBufferError(&buff) != 0) {
+                virReportOOMError();
+                return -1;
+            }
+
+            keyhash = virBufferContentAndReset(&buff);
+
+            askKey.type = VIR_CRED_ECHOPROMPT;
+            if (virAsprintf((char **)&askKey.prompt,
+                            _("Accept SSH host key with hash '%s' for "
+                              "host '%s:%d' (%s/%s)?"),
+                            keyhash,
+                            sess->hostname, sess->port,
+                            "y", "n") < 0) {
+                virReportOOMError();
+                VIR_FREE(keyhash);
+                return -1;
+            }
+
+            if (sess->cred->cb(&askKey, 1, sess->cred->cbdata)) {
+                virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                               _("failed to retrieve decision to accept "
+                                 "host key"));
+                VIR_FREE(askKey.prompt);
+                VIR_FREE(keyhash);
+                return -1;
+            }
+
+            VIR_FREE(askKey.prompt);
+
+            if (!askKey.result ||
+                STRCASENEQ(askKey.result, "y")) {
+                virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR,
+                               _("SSH host key for '%s' (%s) was not accepted"),
+                               sess->hostname, keyhash);
+                VIR_FREE(keyhash);
+                VIR_FREE(askKey.result);
+                return -1;
+            }
+            VIR_FREE(keyhash);
+            VIR_FREE(askKey.result);
+        }
+
+        /* VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_HOSTKEY_VERIFY_AUTO_ADD */
+        /* convert key type, as libssh is using different enums type for
+         * getting the key and different for adding ... */
+        switch (keyType) {
+        case LIBSSH2_HOSTKEY_TYPE_RSA:
+            keyType = LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_KEY_SSHRSA;
+            break;
+        case LIBSSH2_HOSTKEY_TYPE_DSS:
+            keyType = LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_KEY_SSHDSS;
+
+        case LIBSSH2_HOSTKEY_TYPE_UNKNOWN:
+        default:
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                           _("unsupported SSH key type"));
+            return -1;
+        }
+
+        /* add the key to the DB and save it, if applicable */
+        /* construct a "[hostname]:port" string to have the hostkey bound
+         * to port number */
+        virBufferAsprintf(&buff, "[%s]:%d", sess->hostname, sess->port);
+
+        if (virBufferError(&buff) != 0) {
+            virReportOOMError();
+            return -1;
+        }
+
+        hostnameStr = virBufferContentAndReset(&buff);
+
+        if (libssh2_knownhost_addc(sess->knownHosts,
+                                   hostnameStr,
+                                   NULL,
+                                   key,
+                                   keyLength,
+                                   vir_libssh2_key_comment,
+                                   strlen(vir_libssh2_key_comment),
+                                   LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_TYPE_PLAIN |
+                                   LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_KEYENC_RAW |
+                                   keyType,
+                                   NULL) < 0) {
+            libssh2_session_last_error(sess->session, &errmsg, NULL, 0);
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR,
+                           _("unable to add SSH host key for host '%s': %s"),
+                           hostnameStr, errmsg);
+            VIR_FREE(hostnameStr);
+            return -1;
+        }
+
+        VIR_FREE(hostnameStr);
+
+        /* write the host key file - if applicable */
+        if (sess->knownHostsFile) {
+            if (libssh2_knownhost_writefile(sess->knownHosts,
+                                            sess->knownHostsFile,
+                                         LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_FILE_OPENSSH) < 0) {
+                libssh2_session_last_error(sess->session, &errmsg, NULL, 0);
+                virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR,
+                               _("failed to write known_host file '%s': %s"),
+                               sess->knownHostsFile,
+                               errmsg);
+                return -1;
+            }
+        }
+        /* key was accepted and added */
+        return 0;
+
+    case LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_CHECK_MATCH:
+        /* host key matches */
+        return 0;
+
+    case LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_CHECK_MISMATCH:
+        /* host key verification failed */
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_AUTH_FAILED,
+                       _("!!! SSH HOST KEY VERIFICATION FAILED !!!: "
+                         "Identity of host '%s:%d' differs from stored identity. "
+                         "Please verify the new host key '%s' to avoid possible "
+                         "man in the middle attack. The key is stored in '%s'."),
+                       sess->hostname, sess->port,
+                       knownHostEntry->key, sess->knownHostsFile);
+        return -1;
+
+    case LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_CHECK_FAILURE:
+        libssh2_session_last_error(sess->session, &errmsg, NULL, 0);
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR,
+                       _("failed to validate SSH host key: %s"),
+                       errmsg);
+        return -1;
+
+    default: /* should never happen (tm) */
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s", _("Unknown error value"));
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    return -1;
+}
+
+/* perform ssh agent authentication
+ *
+ * Returns: 0 on success
+ *          1 on authentication failure
+ *         -1 on error
+ */
+static int
+virNetLibSSH2AuthenticateAgent(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                               virNetLibSSH2AuthMethodPtr priv)
+{
+    struct libssh2_agent_publickey *agent_identity;
+    struct libssh2_agent_publickey *agent_prev_identity = NULL;
+    int ret;
+    char *errmsg;
+
+    if (libssh2_agent_connect(sess->agent) >= 0) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("Failed to connect to ssh agent"));
+        return 1;
+    }
+
+    if (libssh2_agent_list_identities(sess->agent) < 0) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("Failed to list ssh agent identities"));
+        return 1;
+    }
+
+    while (!(ret = libssh2_agent_get_identity(sess->agent,
+                                              &agent_identity,
+                                              agent_prev_identity))) {
+        if (!(ret = libssh2_agent_userauth(sess->agent,
+                                           priv->username,
+                                           agent_identity)))
+            return 0; /* key accepted */
+
+        if (ret != LIBSSH2_ERROR_AUTHENTICATION_FAILED) {
+            libssh2_session_last_error(sess->session, &errmsg, NULL, 0);
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_AUTH_FAILED,
+                           _("failed to authenticate using SSH agent: %s"),
+                           errmsg);
+            return -1;
+        }
+        /* authentication has failed, try next key */
+    }
+
+    /* if there are no more keys in the agent, the identity retrieval
+     * function returns > 1 */
+    libssh2_session_last_error(sess->session, &errmsg, NULL, 0);
+    virReportError(VIR_ERR_AUTH_FAILED,
+                   _("failed to authenticate using SSH agent: %s"),
+                   errmsg);
+
+    if (ret < 0)
+        return -1;
+    else
+        return 1;
+}
+
+/* perform private key authentication
+ *
+ * Returns: 0 on success
+ *          1 on authentication failure
+ *         -1 on error
+ */
+static int
+virNetLibSSH2AuthenticatePrivkey(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                 virNetLibSSH2AuthMethodPtr priv)
+{
+    virConnectCredential retr_passphrase;
+    int i;
+    char *errmsg;
+    int ret;
+
+    /* try open the key with no password */
+    if ((ret = libssh2_userauth_publickey_fromfile(sess->session,
+                                                   priv->username,
+                                                   NULL,
+                                                   priv->filename,
+                                                   priv->password)) == 0)
+        return 0; /* success */
+
+    if (priv->password ||
+        ret == LIBSSH2_ERROR_PUBLICKEY_UNRECOGNIZED ||
+        ret == LIBSSH2_ERROR_AUTHENTICATION_FAILED) {
+        libssh2_session_last_error(sess->session, &errmsg, NULL, 0);
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_AUTH_FAILED,
+                       _("authentication with private key '%s' "
+                         "has failed: %s"),
+                       priv->filename, errmsg);
+        return 1; /* auth failed */
+    }
+
+    /* request user's key password */
+    if (!sess->cred || !sess->cred->cb) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("No user interaction callback provided: "
+                         "Can't retrieve private key passphrase"));
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    memset(&retr_passphrase, 0, sizeof(virConnectCredential));
+    retr_passphrase.type = -1;
+
+    for (i = 0; i < sess->cred->ncredtype; i++) {
+        if (sess->cred->credtype[i] == VIR_CRED_PASSPHRASE ||
+            sess->cred->credtype[i] == VIR_CRED_NOECHOPROMPT) {
+            retr_passphrase.type = sess->cred->credtype[i];
+            break;
+        }
+    }
+
+    if (retr_passphrase.type < 0) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("no suitable method to retrieve key passphrase"));
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    if (virAsprintf((char **)&retr_passphrase.prompt,
+                    _("Passphrase for key '%s'"),
+                    priv->filename) < 0) {
+        virReportOOMError();
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    if (sess->cred->cb(&retr_passphrase, 1, sess->cred->cbdata)) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("failed to retrieve private key passphrase: "
+                         "callback has failed"));
+        VIR_FREE(retr_passphrase.prompt);
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    VIR_FREE(retr_passphrase.prompt);
+
+    ret = libssh2_userauth_publickey_fromfile(sess->session,
+                                              priv->username,
+                                              NULL,
+                                              priv->filename,
+                                              retr_passphrase.result);
+
+    VIR_FREE(retr_passphrase.result);
+
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        libssh2_session_last_error(sess->session, &errmsg, NULL, 0);
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_AUTH_FAILED,
+                       _("authentication with private key '%s' "
+                         "has failed: %s"),
+                       priv->filename, errmsg);
+
+        if (ret == LIBSSH2_ERROR_PUBLICKEY_UNRECOGNIZED ||
+            ret == LIBSSH2_ERROR_AUTHENTICATION_FAILED)
+            return 1;
+        else
+            return -1;
+    }
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+/* perform tunelled password authentication
+ *
+ * Returns: 0 on success
+ *          1 on authentication failure
+ *         -1 on error
+ */
+static int
+virNetLibSSH2AuthenticatePassword(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                  virNetLibSSH2AuthMethodPtr priv)
+{
+    char *errmsg;
+    int ret;
+
+    /* tunelled password authentication */
+    if ((ret = libssh2_userauth_password(sess->session,
+                                         priv->username,
+                                         priv->password)) < 0) {
+        libssh2_session_last_error(sess->session, &errmsg, NULL, 0);
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_AUTH_FAILED,
+                       _("tunelled password authentication failed: %s"),
+                       errmsg);
+
+        if (ret == LIBSSH2_ERROR_AUTHENTICATION_FAILED)
+            return 1;
+        else
+            return -1;
+    }
+    /* auth success */
+    return 0;
+}
+
+/* perform keyboard interactive authentication
+ *
+ * Returns: 0 on success
+ *          1 on authentication failure
+ *         -1 on error
+ */
+static int
+virNetLibSSH2AuthenticateKeyboardInteractive(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                             virNetLibSSH2AuthMethodPtr priv)
+{
+    char *errmsg;
+    int ret;
+
+    if (!sess->cred || !sess->cred->cb) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("Can't perform keyboard-interactive authentication: "
+                         "Authentication callback not provided "));
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    /* try the auth infinite number of times, the server should break the
+     * connection if maximum number of bad auth tries is exceeded */
+    while (priv->tries < 0 || priv->tries-- > 0) {
+        ret = libssh2_userauth_keyboard_interactive(sess->session,
+                                                    priv->username,
+                                                    virNetLibSSH2KbIntCb);
+
+        /* check for errors while calling the callback */
+        switch (sess->authCbErr) {
+        case VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTHCB_NO_METHOD:
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                           _("no suitable method to retrieve "
+                             "authentication cretentials"));
+            return -1;
+        case VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTHCB_OOM:
+            virReportOOMError();
+            return -1;
+        case VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTHCB_RETR_ERR:
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                           _("failed to retrieve credentials"));
+            return -1;
+        case VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTHCB_OK:
+            /* everything went fine, let's continue */
+            break;
+        }
+
+        if (ret == 0)
+            /* authentication succeeded */
+            return 0;
+
+        if (ret == LIBSSH2_ERROR_AUTHENTICATION_FAILED)
+            continue; /* try again */
+
+        if (ret < 0) {
+            libssh2_session_last_error(sess->session, &errmsg, NULL, 0);
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_AUTH_FAILED,
+                           _("keyboard interactive authentication failed: %s"),
+                           errmsg);
+            return -1;
+        }
+    }
+    libssh2_session_last_error(sess->session, &errmsg, NULL, 0);
+    virReportError(VIR_ERR_AUTH_FAILED,
+                   _("keyboard interactive authentication failed: %s"),
+                   errmsg);
+    return 1;
+}
+
+/* select auth method and authenticate */
+static int
+virNetLibSSH2Authenticate(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess)
+{
+    virNetLibSSH2AuthMethodPtr auth;
+    bool no_method = false;
+    bool auth_failed = false;
+    char *auth_list;
+    char *errmsg;
+    int i;
+    int ret;
+
+    if (!sess->nauths) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("No authentication methods and credentials "
+                         "provided"));
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    /* obtain list of supported auth methods */
+    auth_list = libssh2_userauth_list(sess->session,
+                                      sess->auths[0]->username,
+                                      strlen(sess->auths[0]->username));
+    if (!auth_list) {
+        /* unlikely event, authentication succeeded with NONE as method */
+        if (libssh2_userauth_authenticated(sess->session) == 1)
+            return 0;
+
+        libssh2_session_last_error(sess->session, &errmsg, NULL, 0);
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR,
+                       _("couldn't retrieve authentication methods list: %s"),
+                       errmsg);
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    for (i = 0; i < sess->nauths; i++) {
+        auth = sess->auths[i];
+
+        ret = 2;
+        virResetLastError();
+
+        switch (auth->method) {
+        case VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTH_KEYBOARD_INTERACTIVE:
+            if (strstr(auth_list, "keyboard-interactive"))
+                ret = virNetLibSSH2AuthenticateKeyboardInteractive(sess, auth);
+            break;
+        case VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTH_AGENT:
+            if (strstr(auth_list, "publickey"))
+                ret = virNetLibSSH2AuthenticateAgent(sess, auth);
+            break;
+        case VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTH_PRIVKEY:
+            if (strstr(auth_list, "publickey"))
+                ret = virNetLibSSH2AuthenticatePrivkey(sess, auth);
+            break;
+        case VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTH_PASSWORD:
+            if (strstr(auth_list, "password"))
+                ret = virNetLibSSH2AuthenticatePassword(sess, auth);
+            break;
+        }
+
+        /* return on success or error */
+        if (ret <= 0)
+            return ret;
+
+        /* the authentication method is not supported */
+        if (ret == 2)
+            no_method = true;
+
+        /* authentication with this method has failed */
+        if (ret == 1)
+            auth_failed = true;
+    }
+
+    if (no_method && !auth_failed) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_AUTH_FAILED, "%s",
+                       _("None of the requested authentication methods "
+                         "are supported by the server"));
+    } else {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_AUTH_FAILED, "%s",
+                       _("All provided authentication methods with credentials "
+                         "were rejected by the server"));
+    }
+
+    return -1;
+}
+
+/* open channel */
+static int
+virNetLibSSH2OpenChannel(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess)
+{
+    char *errmsg;
+
+    sess->channel = libssh2_channel_open_session(sess->session);
+    if (!sess->channel) {
+        libssh2_session_last_error(sess->session, &errmsg, NULL, 0);
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR,
+                       _("failed to open ssh channel: %s"),
+                       errmsg);
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    if (libssh2_channel_exec(sess->channel, sess->channelCommand) != 0) {
+        libssh2_session_last_error(sess->session, &errmsg, NULL, 0);
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR,
+                       _("failed to execute command '%s': %s"),
+                       sess->channelCommand,
+                       errmsg);
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    /* nonblocking mode - currently does nothing*/
+    libssh2_channel_set_blocking(sess->channel, 0);
+
+    /* channel open */
+    return 0;
+}
+
+/* validate if all required parameters are configured */
+static int
+virNetLibSSH2ValidateConfig(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess)
+{
+    if (sess->nauths == 0) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("No authentication methods and credentials "
+                         "provided"));
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    if (!sess->channelCommand) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("No channel command provided"));
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    if (sess->hostKeyVerify != VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_HOSTKEY_VERIFY_IGNORE) {
+        if (!sess->hostname) {
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                           _("Hostname is needed for host key verification"));
+            return -1;
+        }
+    }
+
+    /* everything ok */
+    return 0;
+}
+
+/* ### PUBLIC API ### */
+int
+virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthSetCallback(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                    virConnectAuthPtr auth)
+{
+    virMutexLock(&sess->lock);
+    sess->cred = auth;
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    return 0;
+}
+
+void
+virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthReset(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess)
+{
+    virMutexLock(&sess->lock);
+    virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthMethodsFree(sess);
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+}
+
+int
+virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthAddPasswordAuth(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                        const char *username,
+                                        const char *password)
+{
+    virNetLibSSH2AuthMethodPtr auth;
+    char *user = NULL;
+    char *pass = NULL;
+
+    if (!username || !password) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("Username and password must be provided "
+                         "for password authentication"));
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    virMutexLock(&sess->lock);
+
+    if (!(user = strdup(username)) ||
+        !(pass = strdup(password)))
+        goto no_memory;
+
+    if (!(auth = virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthMethodNew(sess)))
+        goto no_memory;
+
+    auth->username = user;
+    auth->password = pass;
+    auth->method = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTH_PASSWORD;
+
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    return 0;
+
+no_memory:
+    VIR_FREE(user);
+    VIR_FREE(pass);
+    virReportOOMError();
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    return -1;
+}
+
+int
+virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthAddAgentAuth(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                     const char *username)
+{
+    virNetLibSSH2AuthMethodPtr auth;
+    char *user = NULL;
+
+    if (!username) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("Username must be provided "
+                         "for ssh agent authentication"));
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    virMutexLock(&sess->lock);
+
+    if (!(user = strdup(username)))
+        goto no_memory;
+
+
+    if (!(auth = virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthMethodNew(sess))) {
+        virReportOOMError();
+        virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    auth->username = user;
+    auth->method = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTH_AGENT;
+
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    return 0;
+
+no_memory:
+    VIR_FREE(user);
+    virReportOOMError();
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    return -1;
+}
+
+int
+virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthAddPrivKeyAuth(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                       const char *username,
+                                       const char *keyfile,
+                                       const char *password)
+{
+    virNetLibSSH2AuthMethodPtr auth;
+
+    char *user = NULL;
+    char *pass = NULL;
+    char *file = NULL;
+
+    if (!username || !keyfile) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("Username and key file path must be provided "
+                         "for private key authentication"));
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    virMutexLock(&sess->lock);
+
+    if (!(user = strdup(username)) ||
+        !(file = strdup(keyfile)))
+        goto no_memory;
+
+    if (password) {
+        if (!(pass = strdup(password)))
+            goto no_memory;
+    }
+
+    if (!(auth = virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthMethodNew(sess)))
+        goto no_memory;
+
+    auth->username = user;
+    auth->password = pass;
+    auth->filename = file;
+    auth->method = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTH_PRIVKEY;
+
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    return 0;
+
+no_memory:
+    VIR_FREE(user);
+    VIR_FREE(pass);
+    VIR_FREE(file);
+    virReportOOMError();
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    return -1;
+}
+
+int
+virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthAddKeyboardAuth(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                        const char *username,
+                                        int tries)
+{
+    virNetLibSSH2AuthMethodPtr auth;
+    char *user = NULL;
+
+    if (!username) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("Username must be provided "
+                         "for ssh agent authentication"));
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    virMutexLock(&sess->lock);
+
+    if (!(user = strdup(username)))
+        goto no_memory;
+
+
+    if (!(auth = virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthMethodNew(sess))) {
+        virReportOOMError();
+        virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    auth->username = user;
+    auth->tries = tries;
+    auth->method = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_AUTH_KEYBOARD_INTERACTIVE;
+
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    return 0;
+
+no_memory:
+    VIR_FREE(user);
+    virReportOOMError();
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    return -1;
+
+}
+
+int
+virNetLibSSH2SessionSetChannelCommand(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                      const char *command)
+{
+    virMutexLock(&sess->lock);
+
+    VIR_FREE(sess->channelCommand);
+
+    if (command && !(sess->channelCommand = strdup(command))) {
+        virReportOOMError();
+        virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    return 0;
+}
+
+int
+virNetLibSSH2SessionSetHostKeyVerification(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                           const char *hostname,
+                                           int port,
+                                           const char *hostsfile,
+                                           bool readonly,
+                                           virNetLibSSH2HostkeyVerify opt)
+{
+    char *errmsg;
+
+    virMutexLock(&sess->lock);
+
+    sess->port = port;
+    sess->hostKeyVerify = opt;
+
+    VIR_FREE(sess->hostname);
+
+    if (hostname && !(sess->hostname = strdup(hostname)))
+        goto no_memory;
+
+    /* load the known hosts file */
+    if (hostsfile) {
+        if (libssh2_knownhost_readfile(sess->knownHosts,
+                                       hostsfile,
+                                       LIBSSH2_KNOWNHOST_FILE_OPENSSH) < 0) {
+            libssh2_session_last_error(sess->session, &errmsg, NULL, 0);
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR,
+                           _("unable to load knownhosts file '%s': %s"),
+                           hostsfile, errmsg);
+        }
+
+        /* set filename only if writing to the known hosts file is requested */
+
+        if (!readonly) {
+            VIR_FREE(sess->knownHostsFile);
+            if ((sess->knownHostsFile = strdup(hostsfile)) == NULL)
+                goto no_memory;
+        }
+    }
+
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    return 0;
+
+no_memory:
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    virReportOOMError();
+    return -1;
+}
+
+/* allocate and initialize a ssh session object */
+virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr virNetLibSSH2SessionNew(void)
+{
+    virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess;
+
+    if (virNetLibSSH2SessionInitialize() < 0)
+        return NULL;
+
+    if (!(sess = virObjectNew(virNetLibSSH2SessionClass)))
+        return NULL;
+
+    /* initialize internal structures */
+    if (virMutexInit(&sess->lock) < 0) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("Failed to initialize mutex"));
+        goto error;
+    }
+
+    /* initialize session data, use the internal data for callbacks
+     * and stick to default memory management functions */
+    if (!(sess->session = libssh2_session_init_ex(NULL,
+                                                  NULL,
+                                                  NULL,
+                                                  (void *)sess))) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("Failed to initialize libssh2 session"));
+        goto error;
+    }
+
+    if (!(sess->knownHosts = libssh2_knownhost_init(sess->session))) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("Failed to initialize libssh2 known hosts table"));
+        goto error;
+    }
+
+    if (!(sess->agent = libssh2_agent_init(sess->session))) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("Failed to initialize libssh2 agent handle"));
+        goto error;
+    }
+
+    VIR_DEBUG("virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr=0x%p, LIBSSH2_SESSION *=0x%p",
+              sess,
+              sess->session);
+
+    /* set blocking mode for libssh2 until handshake is complete */
+    libssh2_session_set_blocking(sess->session, 1);
+
+    /* default states for config variables */
+    sess->state = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_NEW;
+    sess->hostKeyVerify = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_HOSTKEY_VERIFY_IGNORE;
+
+    return sess;
+
+error:
+    virObjectUnref(sess);
+    return NULL;
+}
+
+int
+virNetLibSSH2SessionConnect(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                            int sock)
+{
+    int ret;
+    char *errmsg;
+
+    VIR_DEBUG("sess=0x%p, sock=%d", sess, sock);
+
+    if (!sess || sess->state != VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_NEW) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                       _("Invalid virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr"));
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    virMutexLock(&sess->lock);
+
+    /* check if configuration is valid */
+    if ((ret = virNetLibSSH2ValidateConfig(sess)) < 0)
+        goto error;
+
+    /* open session */
+    ret = libssh2_session_handshake(sess->session, sock);
+    /* libssh2 is in blocking mode, so EAGAIN will never happen */
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        libssh2_session_last_error(sess->session, &errmsg, NULL, 0);
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_NO_CONNECT,
+                       _("SSH session handshake failed: %s"),
+                       errmsg);
+        goto error;
+    }
+
+    /* verify the SSH host key */
+    if ((ret = virNetLibSSH2CheckHostKey(sess)) != 0)
+        goto error;
+
+    /* authenticate */
+    if ((ret = virNetLibSSH2Authenticate(sess)) != 0)
+        goto error;
+
+    /* open channel */
+    if ((ret = virNetLibSSH2OpenChannel(sess)) != 0)
+        goto error;
+
+    /* all set */
+    /* switch to nonblocking mode and return */
+    libssh2_session_set_blocking(sess->session, 0);
+    sess->state = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_HANDSHAKE_COMPLETE;
+
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    return ret;
+
+error:
+    sess->state = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_ERROR;
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    return ret;
+}
+
+/* do a read from a ssh channel, used instead of normal read on socket */
+ssize_t
+virNetLibSSH2ChannelRead(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                         char *buf,
+                         size_t len)
+{
+    ssize_t ret = -1;
+    ssize_t read_n = 0;
+
+    virMutexLock(&sess->lock);
+
+    if (sess->state != VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_HANDSHAKE_COMPLETE) {
+        if (sess->state == VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_ERROR_REMOTE)
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR,
+                           _("Remote program terminated "
+                             "with non-zero code: %d"),
+                           sess->channelCommandReturnValue);
+        else
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                           _("Tried to write socket in error state"));
+
+        virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    if (sess->bufUsed > 0) {
+        /* copy the rest (or complete) internal buffer to the output buffer */
+        memcpy(buf,
+               sess->rbuf + sess->bufStart,
+               len > sess->bufUsed?sess->bufUsed:len);
+
+        if (len >= sess->bufUsed) {
+            read_n = sess->bufUsed;
+
+            sess->bufStart = 0;
+            sess->bufUsed = 0;
+        } else {
+            read_n = len;
+            sess->bufUsed -= len;
+            sess->bufStart += len;
+
+            goto success;
+        }
+    }
+
+    /* continue reading into the buffer supplied */
+    if (read_n < len) {
+        ret = libssh2_channel_read(sess->channel,
+                                   buf + read_n,
+                                   len - read_n);
+
+        if (ret == LIBSSH2_ERROR_EAGAIN)
+            goto success;
+
+        if (ret < 0)
+            goto error;
+
+        read_n += ret;
+    }
+
+    /* try to read something into the internal buffer */
+    if (sess->bufUsed == 0) {
+        ret = libssh2_channel_read(sess->channel,
+                                   sess->rbuf,
+                                   VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_BUFFER_SIZE);
+
+        if (ret == LIBSSH2_ERROR_EAGAIN)
+            goto success;
+
+        if (ret < 0)
+            goto error;
+
+        sess->bufUsed = ret;
+        sess->bufStart = 0;
+    }
+
+    if (read_n == 0) {
+        /* get rid of data in stderr stream */
+        ret = libssh2_channel_read_stderr(sess->channel,
+                                          sess->rbuf,
+                                          VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_BUFFER_SIZE - 1);
+        if (ret > 0) {
+            sess->rbuf[ret] = '\0';
+            VIR_DEBUG("flushing stderr, data='%s'",  sess->rbuf);
+        }
+    }
+
+    if (libssh2_channel_eof(sess->channel)) {
+        if (libssh2_channel_get_exit_status(sess->channel)) {
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR,
+                           _("Remote command terminated with non-zero code: %d"),
+                           libssh2_channel_get_exit_status(sess->channel));
+            sess->channelCommandReturnValue = libssh2_channel_get_exit_status(sess->channel);
+            sess->state = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_ERROR_REMOTE;
+            virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+            return -1;
+        }
+
+        sess->state = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_CLOSED;
+        virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+success:
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    return read_n;
+
+error:
+    sess->state = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_ERROR;
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    return ret;
+}
+
+ssize_t
+virNetLibSSH2ChannelWrite(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                          const char *buf,
+                          size_t len)
+{
+    ssize_t ret;
+
+    virMutexLock(&sess->lock);
+
+    if (sess->state != VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_HANDSHAKE_COMPLETE) {
+        if (sess->state == VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_ERROR_REMOTE)
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR,
+                           _("Remote program terminated with non-zero code: %d"),
+                           sess->channelCommandReturnValue);
+        else
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR, "%s",
+                           _("Tried to write socket in error state"));
+        ret = -1;
+        goto cleanup;
+    }
+
+    if (libssh2_channel_eof(sess->channel)) {
+        if (libssh2_channel_get_exit_status(sess->channel)) {
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR,
+                           _("Remote program terminated with non-zero code: %d"),
+                           libssh2_channel_get_exit_status(sess->channel));
+            sess->state = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_ERROR_REMOTE;
+            sess->channelCommandReturnValue = libssh2_channel_get_exit_status(sess->channel);
+
+            ret = -1;
+            goto cleanup;
+        }
+
+        sess->state = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_CLOSED;
+        ret = -1;
+        goto cleanup;
+    }
+
+    ret = libssh2_channel_write(sess->channel, buf, len);
+    if (ret == LIBSSH2_ERROR_EAGAIN) {
+        ret = 0;
+        goto cleanup;
+    }
+
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        char *msg;
+        sess->state = VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_STATE_ERROR;
+        libssh2_session_last_error(sess->session, &msg, NULL, 0);
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR,
+                       _("write failed: %s"), msg);
+    }
+
+cleanup:
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    return ret;
+}
+
+bool
+virNetLibSSH2SessionHasCachedData(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess)
+{
+    bool ret;
+
+    if (!sess)
+        return false;
+
+    virMutexLock(&sess->lock);
+
+    ret = sess->bufUsed > 0;
+
+    virMutexUnlock(&sess->lock);
+    return ret;
+}
diff --git a/src/rpc/virnetlibssh2session.h b/src/rpc/virnetlibssh2session.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..88d4307
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/rpc/virnetlibssh2session.h
@@ -0,0 +1,83 @@
+/*
+ * virnetlibssh2session.h: libssh2 transport provider
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Red Hat, Inc.
+ *
+ * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+ * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+ * Lesser General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License along with this library;  If not, see
+ * <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ *
+ * Author: Peter Krempa <pkrempa redhat com>
+ */
+#ifndef __VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_SESSION_H__
+# define __VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_SESSION_H__
+
+# include "internal.h"
+
+typedef struct _virNetLibSSH2Session virNetLibSSH2Session;
+typedef virNetLibSSH2Session *virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr;
+
+virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr virNetLibSSH2SessionNew(void);
+void virNetLibSSH2SessionFree(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess);
+
+typedef enum {
+    VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_HOSTKEY_VERIFY_NORMAL,
+    VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_HOSTKEY_VERIFY_AUTO_ADD,
+    VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_HOSTKEY_VERIFY_IGNORE
+} virNetLibSSH2HostkeyVerify;
+
+int virNetLibSSH2SessionSetChannelCommand(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                          const char *command);
+
+void virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthReset(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess);
+
+int virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthSetCallback(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                        virConnectAuthPtr auth);
+
+int virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthAddPasswordAuth(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                            const char *username,
+                                            const char *password);
+
+int virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthAddAgentAuth(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                         const char *username);
+
+int virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthAddPrivKeyAuth(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                           const char *username,
+                                           const char *keyfile,
+                                           const char *password);
+
+int virNetLibSSH2SessionAuthAddKeyboardAuth(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                            const char *username,
+                                            int tries);
+
+int virNetLibSSH2SessionSetHostKeyVerification(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                               const char *hostname,
+                                               int port,
+                                               const char *hostsfile,
+                                               bool readonly,
+                                               virNetLibSSH2HostkeyVerify opt);
+
+int virNetLibSSH2SessionConnect(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                int sock);
+
+ssize_t virNetLibSSH2ChannelRead(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                 char *buf,
+                                 size_t len);
+
+ssize_t virNetLibSSH2ChannelWrite(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess,
+                                  const char *buf,
+                                  size_t len);
+
+bool virNetLibSSH2SessionHasCachedData(virNetLibSSH2SessionPtr sess);
+
+#endif /* ___VIR_NET_LIBSSH2_SESSION_H_ */
diff --git a/src/util/virterror.c b/src/util/virterror.c
index c438de8..10390db 100644
--- a/src/util/virterror.c
+++ b/src/util/virterror.c
@@ -112,7 +112,8 @@ VIR_ENUM_IMPL(virErrorDomain, VIR_ERR_DOMAIN_LAST,
               "URI Utils", /* 45 */
               "Authentication Utils",
               "DBus Utils",
-              "Parallels Cloud Server"
+              "Parallels Cloud Server",
+              "LibSSH2 transport"
     )


@@ -1191,6 +1192,11 @@ virErrorMsg(virErrorNumber error, const char *info)
             else
                 errmsg = _("Operation not supported: %s");
             break;
+        case VIR_ERR_LIBSSH2_ERROR:
+            if (info == NULL)
+                errmsg = _("LibSSH2 transport error");
+            else
+                errmsg = _("LibSSH2 transport error: %s");
     }
     return errmsg;
 }
-- 
1.7.8.6


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