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[libvirt] [PATCH] Fix vm's outbound traffic control problem


This is a patch to fix vm's outbound traffic control problem.

Currently, vm's outbound traffic control by libvirt doesn't go well.
This problem was previously discussed at libvir-list ML, however
it seems that there isn't still any answer to the problem.

I measured Guest(with virtio-net) to Host TCP throughput with the
command "netperf -H".
Here are the outbound QoS parameters and the results.

outbound average rate[kilobytes/s] : Guest to Host throughput[Mbit/s]
1024  (8Mbit/s)                    : 4.56
2048  (16Mbit/s)                   : 3.29
4096  (32Mbit/s)                   : 3.35
8192  (64Mbit/s)                   : 3.95
16384 (128Mbit/s)                  : 4.08
32768 (256Mbit/s)                  : 3.94
65536 (512Mbit/s)                  : 3.23

The outbound traffic goes down unreasonably and is even not controled.

The cause of this problem is too large mtu value in "tc filter" command run by
libvirt. The command uses burst value to set mtu and the burst is equal to
average rate value if it's not set. This value is too large. For example
if the average rate is set to 1024 kilobytes/s, the mtu value is set to 1024
kilobytes. That's too large compared to the size of network packets.
Here libvirt applies tc ingress filter to Host's vnet(tun) device.
Tc ingress filter is implemented with TBF(Token Buckets Filter) algorithm. TBF
uses mtu value to calculate the amount of token consumed by each packet. With too
large mtu value, the token consumption rate is set too large. This leads to
token starvation and deterioration of TCP throughput.

Then, should we use the default mtu value 2 kilobytes?
The anser is No, because Guest with virtio-net device uses 65536 bytes
as mtu to transmit packets to Host, and the tc filter with the default mtu
value 2k drops packets whose size is larger than 2k. So, the most packets
is droped and again leads to deterioration of TCP throughput.

The appropriate mtu value is 65536 bytes which is equal to the maximum value
of network interface device defined in <linux/netdevice.h>. The value is
not so large that it causes token starvation and not so small that it
drops most packets.
Therefore this patch set the mtu value to 64kb(== 65535 bytes).

Again, here are the outbound QoS parameters and the TCP throughput with
the libvirt patched.

outbound average rate[kilobytes/s] : Guest to Host throughput[Mbit/s]
1024  (8Mbit/s)                    : 8.22
2048  (16Mbit/s)                   : 16.42
4096  (32Mbit/s)                   : 32.93
8192  (64Mbit/s)                   : 66.85
16384 (128Mbit/s)                  : 133.88
32768 (256Mbit/s)                  : 271.01
65536 (512Mbit/s)                  : 547.32

The outbound traffic conforms to the given limit.

Thank you,

Signed-off-by: Eiichi Tsukata <eiichi tsukata xh hitachi com>
 AUTHORS                       |    1 +
 src/util/virnetdevbandwidth.c |    2 +-
 2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)

diff --git a/AUTHORS b/AUTHORS
index b876ee6..375db24 100644
@@ -246,6 +246,7 @@ Patches have also been contributed by:
   Gerd Hoffmann        <kraxel redhat com>
   Viktor Mihajlovski   <mihajlov linux vnet ibm com>
   Thang Pham           <thang pham us ibm com>
+  Eiichi Tsukata       <eiichi tsukata xh hitachi com>

   [....send patches to get your name here....]

diff --git a/src/util/virnetdevbandwidth.c b/src/util/virnetdevbandwidth.c
index b9bd2e3..93df5c1 100644
--- a/src/util/virnetdevbandwidth.c
+++ b/src/util/virnetdevbandwidth.c
@@ -136,7 +136,7 @@ virNetDevBandwidthSet(const char *ifname,
         virCommandAddArgList(cmd, "filter", "add", "dev", ifname, "parent",
                              "ffff:", "protocol", "ip", "u32", "match", "ip",
                              "src", "", "police", "rate", average,
-                             "burst", burst, "mtu", burst, "drop", "flowid",
+                             "burst", burst, "mtu", "64kb", "drop", "flowid",
                              ":1", NULL);

         if (virCommandRun(cmd, NULL) < 0)

Eiichi Tsukata
Linux Technology Center
Hitachi, Ltd., Yokohama Research Laboratory
E-mail: eiichi tsukata xh hitachi com

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