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Re: [libvirt] [PATCHv2] util: fix libvirtd startup failure due to netlink error



On Thu, May 03, 2012 at 11:10:49AM -0400, Laine Stump wrote:
> This solves the problem detailed in:
> 
>   https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=816465
> 
> and further detailed in
> 
>   https://www.redhat.com/archives/libvir-list/2012-May/msg00202.htm
> 
> A short explanation is included in the comments of the patch itself.
> 
> Even with ACK, I will wait to push this until I have verification that
> it does not break lldpad<-->libvirtd communication (if it does, I may
> need to use the nl_handle allocated during virNetlinkStartup() for
> virNetlinkEventServiceStart()).
> ---
>  daemon/libvirtd.c        |    6 +++++
>  src/libvirt_private.syms |    2 ++
>  src/util/virnetlink.c    |   67 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  src/util/virnetlink.h    |    5 +++-
>  4 files changed, 78 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/daemon/libvirtd.c b/daemon/libvirtd.c
> index b098f6a..5d57b50 100644
> --- a/daemon/libvirtd.c
> +++ b/daemon/libvirtd.c
> @@ -1007,6 +1007,11 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv) {
>          goto cleanup;
>      }
>  
> +    if (virNetlinkStartup() < 0) {
> +        ret = VIR_DAEMON_ERR_INIT;
> +        goto cleanup;
> +    }
> +
>      if (!(srv = virNetServerNew(config->min_workers,
>                                  config->max_workers,
>                                  config->prio_workers,
> @@ -1143,6 +1148,7 @@ cleanup:
>      virNetServerProgramFree(qemuProgram);
>      virNetServerClose(srv);
>      virNetServerFree(srv);
> +    virNetlinkShutdown();
>      if (statuswrite != -1) {
>          if (ret != 0) {
>              /* Tell parent of daemon what failed */
> diff --git a/src/libvirt_private.syms b/src/libvirt_private.syms
> index d4038b2..e911774 100644
> --- a/src/libvirt_private.syms
> +++ b/src/libvirt_private.syms
> @@ -1330,6 +1330,8 @@ virNetlinkEventRemoveClient;
>  virNetlinkEventServiceIsRunning;
>  virNetlinkEventServiceStop;
>  virNetlinkEventServiceStart;
> +virNetlinkShutdown;
> +virNetlinkStartup;
>  
>  
>  # virnetmessage.h
> diff --git a/src/util/virnetlink.c b/src/util/virnetlink.c
> index b2e9d51..a249e94 100644
> --- a/src/util/virnetlink.c
> +++ b/src/util/virnetlink.c
> @@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
>  /*
> - * Copyright (C) 2010-2011 Red Hat, Inc.
> + * Copyright (C) 2010-2012 Red Hat, Inc.
>   * Copyright (C) 2010-2012 IBM Corporation
>   *
>   * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> @@ -88,10 +88,63 @@ static int nextWatch = 1;
>  # define NETLINK_EVENT_ALLOC_EXTENT 10
>  
>  static virNetlinkEventSrvPrivatePtr server = NULL;
> +static struct nl_handle *placeholder_nlhandle = NULL;
>  
>  /* Function definitions */
>  
>  /**
> + * virNetlinkStartup:
> + *
> + * Perform any initialization that needs to take place before the
> + * program starts up worker threads. This is currently used to assure
> + * that an nl_handle is allocated prior to any attempts to bind a
> + * netlink socket. For a discussion of why this is necessary, please
> + * see the following email message:
> + *
> + *   https://www.redhat.com/archives/libvir-list/2012-May/msg00202.html
> + *
> + * The short version is that, without this placeholder allocation of
> + * an nl_handle that is never used, it is possible for nl_connect() in
> + * one thread to collide with a direct bind() of a netlink socket in
> + * another thread, leading to failure of the operation (which could
> + * lead to failure of libvirtd to start). Since getaddrinfo() (used by
> + * libvirtd in virSocketAddrParse, which is called quite frequently
> + * during startup) directly calls bind() on a netlink socket, this is
> + * actually a very common occurence (15-20% failure rate on some
> + * hardware).
> + *
> + * Returns 0 on success, -1 on failure.
> + */
> +int
> +virNetlinkStartup(void)
> +{
> +    if (placeholder_nlhandle)
> +        return 0;
> +    placeholder_nlhandle = nl_handle_alloc();
> +    if (!placeholder_nlhandle) {
> +        virReportSystemError(errno, "%s",
> +                             _("cannot allocate placeholder nlhandle for netlink"));
> +        return -1;
> +    }
> +    return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * virNetlinkShutdown:
> + *
> + * Undo any initialization done by virNetlinkStartup. This currently
> + * destroys the placeholder nl_handle.
> + */
> +void
> +virNetlinkShutdown(void)
> +{
> +    if (placeholder_nlhandle) {
> +        nl_handle_destroy(placeholder_nlhandle);
> +        placeholder_nlhandle = NULL;
> +    }
> +}
> +
> +/**
>   * virNetlinkCommand:
>   * @nlmsg: pointer to netlink message
>   * @respbuf: pointer to pointer where response buffer will be allocated
> @@ -535,6 +588,18 @@ static const char *unsupported = N_("libnl was not available at build time");
>  static const char *unsupported = N_("not supported on non-linux platforms");
>  # endif
>  
> +int
> +virNetlinkStartup(void)
> +{
> +    return 0;
> +}
> +
> +void
> +virNetlinkShutdown(void)
> +{
> +    return;
> +}
> +
>  int virNetlinkCommand(struct nl_msg *nl_msg ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
>             unsigned char **respbuf ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
>             unsigned int *respbuflen ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
> diff --git a/src/util/virnetlink.h b/src/util/virnetlink.h
> index a72612e..93df59a 100644
> --- a/src/util/virnetlink.h
> +++ b/src/util/virnetlink.h
> @@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
>  /*
> - * Copyright (C) 2010-2011 Red Hat, Inc.
> + * Copyright (C) 2010-2012 Red Hat, Inc.
>   * Copyright (C) 2010-2012 IBM Corporation
>   *
>   * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> @@ -35,6 +35,9 @@ struct nlattr;
>  
>  # endif /* __linux__ */
>  
> +int virNetlinkStartup(void);
> +void virNetlinkShutdown(void);
> +
>  int virNetlinkCommand(struct nl_msg *nl_msg,
>                        unsigned char **respbuf, unsigned int *respbuflen,
>                        int nl_pid);

ACK, assuming real world testing confirms it fixes the problm


Daniel
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