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[libvirt] [PATCHv8 06/11] blockjob: support pivot operation on cancel



This is the bare minimum to end a copy job (of course, until a
later patch adds the ability to start a copy job, this patch
doesn't do much in isolation; I've just split the patches to
ease the review).

This patch intentionally avoids SELinux, lock manager, and audit
actions.  Also, if libvirtd restarts at the exact moment that a
'block-job-complete' is in flight, the proposed proper way to
detect the outcome of that would be with a persistent bitmap and
some additional query commands for qemu 1.3 when libvirtd
restarts (RHEL 6.3 is out of luck).  This patch is enough to
test the common case of success when used correctly, while saving
the subtleties of proper cleanup for worst-case errors for later.

When a mirror job is started, cancelling the job safely reverts back
to the source disk, regardless of whether the destination is in
phase 1 (streaming, in which case the destination is worthless) or
phase 2 (mirroring, in which case the destination is synced up to
the source at the time of the cancel).  Our existing code does just
fine in either phase, other than some bookkeeping cleanup; this
implements live block copy.

Pivoting the job requires the qemu 1.3 'block-job-complete' (safe)
or the RHEL 6.3 '__com.redhat_drive-reopen' command (where failure
of the command is potentially catastrophic to the domain, since
it rips out the old disk before attempting to open the new one).

Ideas for future enhancements via new flags:

Since qemu 1.3 is safer than RHEL 6.3, it may be worth adding a
VIR_DOMAIN_REBASE_COPY_ATOMIC flag that fails up front if we
detect an older qemu with the risky pivot operation.

Interesting side note: while snapshot-create --disk-only creates a
copy of the disk at a point in time by moving the domain on to a
new file (the copy is the file now in the just-extended backing
chain), blockjob --abort of a copy job creates a copy of the disk
while keeping the domain on the original file.  There may be
potential improvements to the snapshot code to exploit block copy
over multiple disks all at one point in time.  And, if
'block-job-cancel' were made part of 'transaction', you could
copy multiple disks at the same point in time without pausing
the domain.  This also implies we may want to add a --quiesce flag
to virDomainBlockJobAbort, so that when breaking a mirror (whether
by cancel or pivot), the side of the mirror that we are abandoning
is at least in a stable state with regards to guest I/O.

* src/qemu/qemu_driver.c (qemuDomainBlockJobAbort): Accept new flag.
(qemuDomainBlockPivot): New helper function.
(qemuDomainBlockJobImpl): Implement it.
---

v8: invalidate cached chain information on pivot

 src/qemu/qemu_driver.c | 108 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 107 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c b/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c
index 97b25a2..cd17fbc 100644
--- a/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c
+++ b/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c
@@ -12535,6 +12535,88 @@ cleanup:
     return ret;
 }

+/* Called while holding the VM job lock, to implement a block job
+ * abort with pivot; this updates the VM definition as appropriate, on
+ * either success or failure (although there are some forms of
+ * catastrophic failure that will leave the VM unusable).  */
+static int
+qemuDomainBlockPivot(struct qemud_driver *driver, virDomainObjPtr vm,
+                     const char *device, virDomainDiskDefPtr disk)
+{
+    int ret = -1;
+    qemuDomainObjPrivatePtr priv = vm->privateData;
+    virDomainBlockJobInfo info;
+    bool reopen = qemuCapsGet(priv->caps, QEMU_CAPS_DRIVE_REOPEN);
+    const char *format = virStorageFileFormatTypeToString(disk->mirrorFormat);
+
+    /* Probe the status, if needed.  */
+    if (!disk->mirroring) {
+        qemuDomainObjEnterMonitorWithDriver(driver, vm);
+        ret = qemuMonitorBlockJob(priv->mon, device, NULL, 0, &info,
+                                  BLOCK_JOB_INFO, true);
+        qemuDomainObjExitMonitorWithDriver(driver, vm);
+        if (ret < 0)
+            goto cleanup;
+        if (!virDomainObjIsActive(vm)) {
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_OPERATION_INVALID, "%s",
+                           _("domain is not running"));
+            goto cleanup;
+        }
+        if (ret == 1 && info.cur == info.end &&
+            info.type == VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_JOB_TYPE_COPY)
+            disk->mirroring = true;
+    }
+
+    if (!disk->mirroring) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_BLOCK_COPY_ACTIVE,
+                       _("disk '%s' not ready for pivot yet"),
+                       disk->dst);
+        goto cleanup;
+    }
+
+    /* Attempt the pivot.  */
+    qemuDomainObjEnterMonitorWithDriver(driver, vm);
+    ret = qemuMonitorDrivePivot(priv->mon, device, disk->mirror, format,
+                                reopen);
+    qemuDomainObjExitMonitorWithDriver(driver, vm);
+
+    /* Note that RHEL 6.3 'drive-reopen' has the remote risk of a
+     * catastrophic failure, where the it fails but can't recover by
+     * reopening the source.  Not much we can do about it.  qemu 1.3
+     * 'block-job-complete' is safer by design.  */
+
+    if (ret == 0) {
+        /* XXX We want to revoke security labels and disk lease, as
+         * well as audit that revocation, before dropping the original
+         * source.  But it gets tricky if both source and mirror share
+         * common backing files (we want to only revoke the non-shared
+         * portion of the chain, and is made more difficult by the
+         * fact that we aren't tracking the full chain ourselves; so
+         * for now, we leak the access to the original.  */
+        VIR_FREE(disk->src);
+        disk->src = disk->mirror;
+        disk->format = disk->mirrorFormat;
+        disk->mirror = NULL;
+        disk->mirrorFormat = VIR_STORAGE_FILE_NONE;
+        disk->mirroring = false;
+        qemuDomainDetermineDiskChain(driver, disk, true);
+    } else {
+        /* On failure, qemu abandons the mirror, and attempts to
+         * revert back to the source disk.  Hopefully it was able to
+         * reopen things.  */
+        /* XXX should we be parsing the exact qemu error, or calling
+         * 'query-block', to see what state we really got left in
+         * before killing the mirroring job?  And just as on the
+         * success case, there's security labeling to worry about.  */
+        VIR_FREE(disk->mirror);
+        disk->mirrorFormat = VIR_STORAGE_FILE_NONE;
+        disk->mirroring = false;
+    }
+
+cleanup:
+    return ret;
+}
+
 static int
 qemuDomainBlockJobImpl(virDomainPtr dom, const char *path, const char *base,
                        unsigned long bandwidth, virDomainBlockJobInfoPtr info,
@@ -12595,6 +12677,14 @@ qemuDomainBlockJobImpl(virDomainPtr dom, const char *path, const char *base,
                        disk->dst);
         goto cleanup;
     }
+    if (mode == BLOCK_JOB_ABORT &&
+        (flags & VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_JOB_ABORT_PIVOT) &&
+        !(async && disk->mirror)) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_OPERATION_INVALID,
+                       _("pivot of disk '%s' requires an active copy job"),
+                       disk->dst);
+        goto cleanup;
+    }

     if (qemuDomainObjBeginJobWithDriver(driver, vm, QEMU_JOB_MODIFY) < 0)
         goto cleanup;
@@ -12605,6 +12695,12 @@ qemuDomainBlockJobImpl(virDomainPtr dom, const char *path, const char *base,
         goto endjob;
     }

+    if (disk->mirror && mode == BLOCK_JOB_ABORT &&
+        (flags & VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_JOB_ABORT_PIVOT)) {
+        ret = qemuDomainBlockPivot(driver, vm, device, disk);
+        goto endjob;
+    }
+
     qemuDomainObjEnterMonitorWithDriver(driver, vm);
     /* XXX - libvirt should really be tracking the backing file chain
      * itself, and validating that base is on the chain, rather than
@@ -12621,6 +12717,15 @@ qemuDomainBlockJobImpl(virDomainPtr dom, const char *path, const char *base,
         info->cur == info->end && info->type == VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_JOB_TYPE_COPY)
         disk->mirroring = true;

+    /* A successful block job cancelation stops any mirroring.  */
+    if (mode == BLOCK_JOB_ABORT && disk->mirror) {
+        /* XXX We should also revoke security labels and disk lease on
+         * the mirror, and audit that fact, before dropping things.  */
+        VIR_FREE(disk->mirror);
+        disk->mirrorFormat = VIR_STORAGE_FILE_NONE;
+        disk->mirroring = false;
+    }
+
     /* With synchronous block cancel, we must synthesize an event, and
      * we silently ignore the ABORT_ASYNC flag.  With asynchronous
      * block cancel, the event will come from qemu, but without the
@@ -12685,7 +12790,8 @@ cleanup:
 static int
 qemuDomainBlockJobAbort(virDomainPtr dom, const char *path, unsigned int flags)
 {
-    virCheckFlags(VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_JOB_ABORT_ASYNC, -1);
+    virCheckFlags(VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_JOB_ABORT_ASYNC |
+                  VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_JOB_ABORT_PIVOT, -1);
     return qemuDomainBlockJobImpl(dom, path, NULL, 0, NULL, BLOCK_JOB_ABORT,
                                   flags);
 }
-- 
1.7.11.7


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