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[libvirt] [PATCHv8 07/11] blockjob: make drive-reopen safer

Since libvirt drops locks between issuing a monitor command and
getting a response, it is possible for libvirtd to be restarted
before getting a response on a drive-reopen command; worse, it is
also possible for the guest to shut itself down during the window
while libvirtd is down, ending the qemu process.  A management app
needs to know if the pivot happened (and the destination file
contains guest contents not in the source) or failed (and the source
file contains guest contents not in the destination), but since
the job is finished, 'query-block-jobs' no longer tracks the
status of the job, and if the qemu process itself has disappeared,
even 'query-block' cannot be checked to ask qemu its current state.

This is only a problem for the RHEL 6.3 drive-reopen command; which
partly explains why upstream qemu 1.3 abandoned that command and
went with block-job-complete plus persistent bitmap instead.  At
the time of this patch, the design for persistent bitmap has not
been clarified, so a followup patch will be needed once we actually
figure out how to use the qemu 1.3 interface.

If we surround 'drive-reopen' with a pause/resume pair, then we can
guarantee that the guest cannot modify either source or destination
files in the window of libvirtd uncertainty, and the management app
is guaranteed that either libvirt knows the outcome and reported it
correctly; or that on libvirtd restart, the guest will still be
paused and that the qemu process cannot have disappeared due to
guest shutdown; and use that as a clue that the management app must
implement recovery protocol, with both source and destination files
still being in sync and with 'query-block' still being an option as
part of that recovery.  My testing of the RHEL 6.3 implementation
of 'drive-reopen' show that the pause window will typically be only
a fraction of a second.

* src/qemu/qemu_driver.c (qemuDomainBlockPivot): Pause around
(qemuDomainBlockJobImpl): Update caller.

v8: clarify that persistent bitmap (still to be designed in qemu) is
required to avoid pausing the guest

 src/qemu/qemu_driver.c | 37 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 35 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c b/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c
index cd17fbc..5669b2f 100644
--- a/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c
+++ b/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c
@@ -12540,7 +12540,8 @@ cleanup:
  * either success or failure (although there are some forms of
  * catastrophic failure that will leave the VM unusable).  */
 static int
-qemuDomainBlockPivot(struct qemud_driver *driver, virDomainObjPtr vm,
+qemuDomainBlockPivot(virConnectPtr conn,
+                     struct qemud_driver *driver, virDomainObjPtr vm,
                      const char *device, virDomainDiskDefPtr disk)
     int ret = -1;
@@ -12548,6 +12549,7 @@ qemuDomainBlockPivot(struct qemud_driver *driver, virDomainObjPtr vm,
     virDomainBlockJobInfo info;
     bool reopen = qemuCapsGet(priv->caps, QEMU_CAPS_DRIVE_REOPEN);
     const char *format = virStorageFileFormatTypeToString(disk->mirrorFormat);
+    bool resume = false;

     /* Probe the status, if needed.  */
     if (!disk->mirroring) {
@@ -12574,6 +12576,29 @@ qemuDomainBlockPivot(struct qemud_driver *driver, virDomainObjPtr vm,
         goto cleanup;

+    /* If we are using the older 'drive-reopen', we want to make sure
+     * that management apps can tell whether the command succeeded,
+     * even if libvirtd is restarted at the wrong time.  To accomplish
+     * that, we pause the guest before drive-reopen, and resume it
+     * only when we know the outcome; if libvirtd restarts, then
+     * management will see the guest still paused, and know that no
+     * guest I/O has caused the source and mirror to diverge.  XXX
+     * With the newer 'block-job-complete', we need to use a
+     * persistent bitmap to make things safe; so for now, we just
+     * blindly pause the guest.  */
+    if (virDomainObjGetState(vm, NULL) == VIR_DOMAIN_RUNNING) {
+        if (qemuProcessStopCPUs(driver, vm, VIR_DOMAIN_PAUSED_SAVE,
+                                QEMU_ASYNC_JOB_NONE) < 0)
+            goto cleanup;
+        resume = true;
+        if (!virDomainObjIsActive(vm)) {
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR, "%s",
+                           _("guest unexpectedly quit"));
+            goto cleanup;
+        }
+    }
     /* Attempt the pivot.  */
     qemuDomainObjEnterMonitorWithDriver(driver, vm);
     ret = qemuMonitorDrivePivot(priv->mon, device, disk->mirror, format,
@@ -12614,6 +12639,14 @@ qemuDomainBlockPivot(struct qemud_driver *driver, virDomainObjPtr vm,

+    if (resume && virDomainObjIsActive(vm) &&
+        qemuProcessStartCPUs(driver, vm, conn,
+                             VIR_DOMAIN_RUNNING_UNPAUSED,
+                             QEMU_ASYNC_JOB_NONE) < 0 &&
+        virGetLastError() == NULL) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_OPERATION_FAILED, "%s",
+                       _("resuming after drive-reopen failed"));
+    }
     return ret;

@@ -12697,7 +12730,7 @@ qemuDomainBlockJobImpl(virDomainPtr dom, const char *path, const char *base,

     if (disk->mirror && mode == BLOCK_JOB_ABORT &&
         (flags & VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_JOB_ABORT_PIVOT)) {
-        ret = qemuDomainBlockPivot(driver, vm, device, disk);
+        ret = qemuDomainBlockPivot(dom->conn, driver, vm, device, disk);
         goto endjob;


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