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[libvirt] [PATCHv7 5/9] blockjob: make drive-reopen safer



Since libvirt drops locks between issuing a monitor command and
getting a response, it is possible for libvirtd to be restarted
before getting a response on a drive-reopen command; worse, it is
also possible for the guest to shut itself down during the window
while libvirtd is down, ending the qemu process.  A management app
needs to know if the pivot happened (and the destination file
contains guest contents not in the source) or failed (and the source
file contains guest contents not in the destination), but since
the job is finished, 'query-block-jobs' no longer tracks the
status of the job, and if the qemu process itself has disappeared,
even 'query-block' cannot be checked to ask qemu its current state.

This is only a problem for the RHEL 6.3 drive-reopen command; which
partly explains why upstream qemu 1.3 abandoned that command and
went with block-job-complete instead.

If we surround 'drive-reopen' with a pause/resume
pair, then we can guarantee that the guest cannot modify either
source or destination files in the window of libvirtd uncertainty,
and the management app is guaranteed that either libvirt knows the
outcome and reported it correctly; or that on libvirtd restart, the
guest will still be paused and that the qemu process cannot have
disappeared due to guest shutdown; and use that as a clue that the
management app must implement recovery protocol, with both source
and destination files still being in sync and with 'query-block'
still being an option as part of that recovery.  My testing of
early implementations of 'drive-reopen' show that the pause window
will typically be only a fraction of a second.

* src/qemu/qemu_driver.c (qemuDomainBlockPivot): Pause around
drive-reopen.
(qemuDomainBlockJobImpl): Update caller.
---
 src/qemu/qemu_driver.c | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 33 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c b/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c
index df581b4..4838871 100644
--- a/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c
+++ b/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c
@@ -12612,13 +12612,15 @@ cleanup:
  * either success or failure (although there are some forms of
  * catastrophic failure that will leave the VM unusable).  */
 static int
-qemuDomainBlockPivot(struct qemud_driver *driver, virDomainObjPtr vm,
+qemuDomainBlockPivot(virConnectPtr conn,
+                     struct qemud_driver *driver, virDomainObjPtr vm,
                      const char *device, virDomainDiskDefPtr disk)
 {
     int ret = -1;
     qemuDomainObjPrivatePtr priv = vm->privateData;
     virDomainBlockJobInfo info;
     bool reopen = qemuCapsGet(priv->caps, QEMU_CAPS_DRIVE_REOPEN);
+    bool resume = false;

     /* Probe the status, if needed.  */
     if (!disk->mirroring) {
@@ -12645,6 +12647,27 @@ qemuDomainBlockPivot(struct qemud_driver *driver, virDomainObjPtr vm,
         goto cleanup;
     }

+    /* If we are using the older 'drive-reopen', we want to make sure
+     * that management apps can tell whether the command succeeded,
+     * even if libvirtd is restarted at the wrong time.  To accomplish
+     * that, we pause the guest before drive-reopen, and resume it
+     * only when we know the outcome; if libvirtd restarts, then
+     * management will see the guest still paused, and know that no
+     * guest I/O has caused the source and mirror to diverge.  With
+     * the newer 'block-job-complete', things are already safe.  */
+    if (reopen && virDomainObjGetState(vm, NULL) == VIR_DOMAIN_RUNNING) {
+        if (qemuProcessStopCPUs(driver, vm, VIR_DOMAIN_PAUSED_SAVE,
+                                QEMU_ASYNC_JOB_NONE) < 0)
+            goto cleanup;
+
+        resume = true;
+        if (!virDomainObjIsActive(vm)) {
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR, "%s",
+                           _("guest unexpectedly quit"));
+            goto cleanup;
+        }
+    }
+
     /* Attempt the pivot.  */
     qemuDomainObjEnterMonitorWithDriver(driver, vm);
     ret = qemuMonitorDrivePivot(priv->mon, device, disk->mirror,
@@ -12685,6 +12708,14 @@ qemuDomainBlockPivot(struct qemud_driver *driver, virDomainObjPtr vm,
     }

 cleanup:
+    if (resume && virDomainObjIsActive(vm) &&
+        qemuProcessStartCPUs(driver, vm, conn,
+                             VIR_DOMAIN_RUNNING_UNPAUSED,
+                             QEMU_ASYNC_JOB_NONE) < 0 &&
+        virGetLastError() == NULL) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_OPERATION_FAILED, "%s",
+                       _("resuming after drive-reopen failed"));
+    }
     return ret;
 }

@@ -12768,7 +12799,7 @@ qemuDomainBlockJobImpl(virDomainPtr dom, const char *path, const char *base,

     if (disk->mirror && mode == BLOCK_JOB_ABORT &&
         (flags & VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_JOB_ABORT_PIVOT)) {
-        ret = qemuDomainBlockPivot(driver, vm, device, disk);
+        ret = qemuDomainBlockPivot(dom->conn, driver, vm, device, disk);
         goto endjob;
     }

-- 
1.7.11.4


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