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[libvirt] [PATCH v3 1/6] virCommand: Introduce virCommandDoAsyncIO



Currently, if we want to feed stdin, or catch stdout or stderr of a
virCommand we have to use virCommandRun(). When using virCommandRunAsync()
we have to register FD handles by hand. This may lead to code duplication.
Hence, introduce an internal API, which does this automatically within
virCommandRunAsync(). The intended usage looks like this:

    virCommandPtr cmd = virCommandNew*(...);
    char *buf = NULL;

    ...

    virCommandSetOutputBuffer(cmd, &buf);
    virCommandDoAsyncIO(cmd);

    if (virCommandRunAsync(cmd, NULL) < 0)
        goto cleanup;

    ...

    if (virCommandWait(cmd, NULL) < 0)
        goto cleanup;

    /* @buf now contains @cmd's stdout */
    VIR_DEBUG("STDOUT: %s", NULLSTR(buf));

    ...

cleanup:
    VIR_FREE(buf);
    virCommandFree(cmd);

Note, that both stdout and stderr buffers may change until virCommandWait()
returns.
---
 src/libvirt_private.syms |   1 +
 src/util/vircommand.c    | 308 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 src/util/vircommand.h    |   1 +
 3 files changed, 293 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)

diff --git a/src/libvirt_private.syms b/src/libvirt_private.syms
index c589236..99e20c0 100644
--- a/src/libvirt_private.syms
+++ b/src/libvirt_private.syms
@@ -143,6 +143,7 @@ virCommandAddEnvString;
 virCommandAllowCap;
 virCommandClearCaps;
 virCommandDaemonize;
+virCommandDoAsyncIO;
 virCommandExec;
 virCommandFree;
 virCommandHandshakeNotify;
diff --git a/src/util/vircommand.c b/src/util/vircommand.c
index 8566d1a..270e8a2 100644
--- a/src/util/vircommand.c
+++ b/src/util/vircommand.c
@@ -47,11 +47,12 @@
 
 /* Flags for virExecWithHook */
 enum {
-    VIR_EXEC_NONE   = 0,
-    VIR_EXEC_NONBLOCK = (1 << 0),
-    VIR_EXEC_DAEMON = (1 << 1),
+    VIR_EXEC_NONE       = 0,
+    VIR_EXEC_NONBLOCK   = (1 << 0),
+    VIR_EXEC_DAEMON     = (1 << 1),
     VIR_EXEC_CLEAR_CAPS = (1 << 2),
-    VIR_EXEC_RUN_SYNC = (1 << 3),
+    VIR_EXEC_RUN_SYNC   = (1 << 3),
+    VIR_EXEC_ASYNC_IO   = (1 << 4),
 };
 
 struct _virCommand {
@@ -84,6 +85,11 @@ struct _virCommand {
     int *outfdptr;
     int *errfdptr;
 
+    size_t inbufOffset;
+    int inWatch;
+    int outWatch;
+    int errWatch;
+
     bool handshake;
     int handshakeWait[2];
     int handshakeNotify[2];
@@ -779,6 +785,7 @@ virCommandNewArgs(const char *const*args)
     cmd->handshakeNotify[1] = -1;
 
     cmd->infd = cmd->outfd = cmd->errfd = -1;
+    cmd->inWatch = cmd->outWatch = cmd->errWatch = -1;
     cmd->pid = -1;
 
     virCommandAddArgSet(cmd, args);
@@ -1394,8 +1401,8 @@ virCommandSetWorkingDirectory(virCommandPtr cmd, const char *pwd)
  * @cmd: the command to modify
  * @inbuf: string to feed to stdin
  *
- * Feed the child's stdin from a string buffer.  This requires the use
- * of virCommandRun().
+ * Feed the child's stdin from a string buffer.
+ * The buffer is forgotten after each @cmd run.
  */
 void
 virCommandSetInputBuffer(virCommandPtr cmd, const char *inbuf)
@@ -1423,8 +1430,8 @@ virCommandSetInputBuffer(virCommandPtr cmd, const char *inbuf)
  * Capture the child's stdout to a string buffer.  *outbuf is
  * guaranteed to be allocated after successful virCommandRun or
  * virCommandWait, and is best-effort allocated after failed
- * virCommandRun; caller is responsible for freeing *outbuf.
- * This requires the use of virCommandRun.
+ * virCommandRun or virCommandRunAsync; caller is responsible for
+ * freeing *outbuf.  The buffer is forgotten after each @cmd run.
  */
 void
 virCommandSetOutputBuffer(virCommandPtr cmd, char **outbuf)
@@ -1452,11 +1459,11 @@ virCommandSetOutputBuffer(virCommandPtr cmd, char **outbuf)
  * Capture the child's stderr to a string buffer.  *errbuf is
  * guaranteed to be allocated after successful virCommandRun or
  * virCommandWait, and is best-effort allocated after failed
- * virCommandRun; caller is responsible for freeing *errbuf.
- * This requires the use of virCommandRun.  It is possible to
- * pass the same pointer as for virCommandSetOutputBuffer(), in
- * which case the child process will interleave all output into
- * a single string.
+ * virCommandRun or virCommandRunAsync; caller is responsible for
+ * freeing *errbuf. It is possible to pass the same pointer as
+ * for virCommandSetOutputBuffer(), in which case the child
+ * process will interleave all output into a single string.  The
+ * buffer is forgotten after each @cmd run.
  */
 void
 virCommandSetErrorBuffer(virCommandPtr cmd, char **errbuf)
@@ -2122,6 +2129,183 @@ virCommandHook(void *data)
 }
 
 
+static void
+virCommandHandleReadWrite(int watch, int fd, int events, void *opaque)
+{
+    virCommandPtr cmd = (virCommandPtr) opaque;
+    char ***bufptr = NULL;
+    char buf[1024];
+    ssize_t nread, nwritten;
+    size_t len = 0;
+    int *watchPtr = NULL;
+    bool eof = false;
+    int tmpfd, *fdptr = NULL, **fdptrptr = NULL;
+
+    VIR_DEBUG("watch=%d fd=%d events=%d", watch, fd, events);
+    errno = 0;
+
+    if (watch == cmd->inWatch) {
+        watchPtr = &cmd->inWatch;
+        fdptr  = &cmd->infd;
+
+        if (events & VIR_EVENT_HANDLE_WRITABLE) {
+            len = strlen(cmd->inbuf);
+
+            while (true) {
+                nwritten = write(fd, cmd->inbuf + cmd->inbufOffset,
+                                 len - cmd->inbufOffset);
+                if (nwritten < 0) {
+                    if (errno != EAGAIN && errno != EINTR) {
+                        virReportSystemError(errno,
+                                             _("Unable to write command's "
+                                               "input to FD %d"),
+                                             fd);
+                        eof = true;
+                    }
+                    break;
+                }
+
+                if (nwritten == 0) {
+                    eof = true;
+                    break;
+                }
+
+                cmd->inbufOffset += nwritten;
+                if (cmd->inbufOffset == len) {
+                    tmpfd = cmd->infd;
+                    if (VIR_CLOSE(cmd->infd) < 0)
+                        VIR_DEBUG("ignoring failed close on fd %d", tmpfd);
+                    eof = true;
+                    break;
+                }
+            }
+
+        }
+    } else {
+        if (watch == cmd->outWatch) {
+            watchPtr = &cmd->outWatch;
+            bufptr = &cmd->outbuf;
+            fdptr = &cmd->outfd;
+            fdptrptr = &cmd->outfdptr;
+        } else {
+            watchPtr = &cmd->errWatch;
+            bufptr = &cmd->errbuf;
+            fdptr = &cmd->errfd;
+            fdptrptr = &cmd->errfdptr;
+        }
+
+        if (events & VIR_EVENT_HANDLE_READABLE) {
+            if (**bufptr)
+                len = strlen(**bufptr);
+
+            while (true) {
+                nread = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf));
+                if (nread < 0) {
+                    if (errno != EAGAIN && errno != EINTR) {
+                        virReportSystemError(errno,
+                                             _("unable to read command's "
+                                               "output from FD %d"),
+                                             fd);
+                        eof = true;
+                    }
+                    break;
+                }
+
+                if (nread == 0) {
+                    eof = true;
+                    break;
+                }
+
+                if (VIR_REALLOC_N(**bufptr, len + nread + 1) < 0) {
+                    virReportOOMError();
+                    break;
+                }
+
+                memcpy(**bufptr + len, buf, nread);
+                (**bufptr)[len + nread] = '\0';
+            }
+
+        }
+    }
+
+    if (eof || (events & VIR_EVENT_HANDLE_HANGUP) ||
+        (events & VIR_EVENT_HANDLE_ERROR)) {
+        virEventRemoveHandle(watch);
+
+        *watchPtr = -1;
+        VIR_FORCE_CLOSE(*fdptr);
+        if (bufptr)
+            *bufptr = NULL;
+        if (fdptrptr)
+            *fdptrptr = NULL;
+    }
+}
+
+
+static int
+virCommandRegisterEventLoop(virCommandPtr cmd)
+{
+    int ret = -1;
+
+    if (cmd->inbuf &&
+        (cmd->inWatch = virEventAddHandle(cmd->infd,
+                                          VIR_EVENT_HANDLE_WRITABLE |
+                                          VIR_EVENT_HANDLE_HANGUP |
+                                          VIR_EVENT_HANDLE_ERROR,
+                                          virCommandHandleReadWrite,
+                                          cmd, NULL)) < 0) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR,
+                       _("Unable to register infd %d in the event loop"),
+                       cmd->infd);
+        goto cleanup;
+    }
+
+    if (cmd->outbuf && cmd->outfdptr == &cmd->outfd &&
+        (cmd->outWatch = virEventAddHandle(cmd->outfd,
+                                           VIR_EVENT_HANDLE_READABLE |
+                                           VIR_EVENT_HANDLE_HANGUP |
+                                           VIR_EVENT_HANDLE_ERROR,
+                                           virCommandHandleReadWrite,
+                                           cmd, NULL)) < 0) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR,
+                       _("Unable to register outfd %d in the event loop"),
+                       cmd->outfd);
+
+        if (cmd->inWatch != -1) {
+            virEventRemoveHandle(cmd->inWatch);
+            cmd->inWatch = -1;
+        }
+        goto cleanup;
+    }
+
+    if (cmd->errbuf && cmd->errfdptr == &cmd->errfd &&
+        (cmd->errWatch = virEventAddHandle(cmd->errfd,
+                                           VIR_EVENT_HANDLE_READABLE |
+                                           VIR_EVENT_HANDLE_HANGUP |
+                                           VIR_EVENT_HANDLE_ERROR,
+                                           virCommandHandleReadWrite,
+                                           cmd, NULL)) < 0) {
+        virReportError(VIR_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR,
+                       _("Unable to register errfd %d in the event loop"),
+                       cmd->errfd);
+        if (cmd->inWatch != -1) {
+            virEventRemoveHandle(cmd->inWatch);
+            cmd->inWatch = -1;
+        }
+        if (cmd->outWatch != -1) {
+            virEventRemoveHandle(cmd->outWatch);
+            cmd->outWatch = -1;
+        }
+        goto cleanup;
+    }
+
+    ret = 0;
+
+cleanup:
+    return ret;
+}
+
+
 /**
  * virCommandRunAsync:
  * @cmd: command to start
@@ -2149,6 +2333,7 @@ virCommandRunAsync(virCommandPtr cmd, pid_t *pid)
     char *str;
     int i;
     bool synchronous = false;
+    int infd[2] = {-1, -1};
 
     if (!cmd || cmd->has_error == ENOMEM) {
         virReportOOMError();
@@ -2163,10 +2348,23 @@ virCommandRunAsync(virCommandPtr cmd, pid_t *pid)
     synchronous = cmd->flags & VIR_EXEC_RUN_SYNC;
     cmd->flags &= ~VIR_EXEC_RUN_SYNC;
 
-    /* Buffer management can only be requested via virCommandRun.  */
-    if ((cmd->inbuf && cmd->infd == -1) ||
-        (cmd->outbuf && cmd->outfdptr != &cmd->outfd) ||
-        (cmd->errbuf && cmd->errfdptr != &cmd->errfd)) {
+    /* Buffer management can only be requested via virCommandRun, unless help
+     * from the event loop has been requested via virCommandDoAsyncIO. */
+    if (cmd->flags & VIR_EXEC_ASYNC_IO) {
+        /* If we have an input buffer, we need
+         * a pipe to feed the data to the child */
+        if (cmd->inbuf && cmd->infd == -1) {
+            if (pipe2(infd, O_CLOEXEC) < 0) {
+                virReportSystemError(errno, "%s",
+                                     _("unable to open pipe"));
+                cmd->has_error = -1;
+                return -1;
+            }
+            cmd->infd = infd[0];
+        }
+    } else if ((cmd->inbuf && cmd->infd == -1) ||
+         (cmd->outbuf && cmd->outfdptr != &cmd->outfd) ||
+         (cmd->errbuf && cmd->errfdptr != &cmd->errfd)) {
         virReportError(VIR_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR, "%s",
                        _("cannot mix string I/O with asynchronous command"));
         return -1;
@@ -2228,6 +2426,16 @@ virCommandRunAsync(virCommandPtr cmd, pid_t *pid)
     else
         cmd->reap = true;
 
+    if (ret == 0 && cmd->flags & VIR_EXEC_ASYNC_IO) {
+        cmd->flags &= ~VIR_EXEC_ASYNC_IO;
+        if (cmd->inbuf && cmd->infd != -1) {
+            /* close the read end of infd and replace it with the write end */
+            VIR_FORCE_CLOSE(cmd->infd);
+            cmd->infd = infd[1];
+        }
+        ret = virCommandRegisterEventLoop(cmd);
+    }
+
     return ret;
 }
 
@@ -2248,6 +2456,7 @@ virCommandWait(virCommandPtr cmd, int *exitstatus)
 {
     int ret;
     int status = 0;
+    const int events = VIR_EVENT_HANDLE_READABLE | VIR_EVENT_HANDLE_HANGUP;
 
     if (!cmd ||cmd->has_error == ENOMEM) {
         virReportOOMError();
@@ -2272,6 +2481,24 @@ virCommandWait(virCommandPtr cmd, int *exitstatus)
      * guarantee that virProcessWait only fails due to failure to wait,
      * and repeat the exitstatus check code ourselves.  */
     ret = virProcessWait(cmd->pid, exitstatus ? exitstatus : &status);
+
+    if (cmd->inWatch != -1) {
+        virEventRemoveHandle(cmd->inWatch);
+        cmd->inWatch = -1;
+    }
+
+    if (cmd->outWatch != -1) {
+        virEventRemoveHandle(cmd->outWatch);
+        virCommandHandleReadWrite(cmd->outWatch, cmd->outfd, events, cmd);
+        cmd->outWatch = -1;
+    }
+
+    if (cmd->errWatch != -1) {
+        virEventRemoveHandle(cmd->errWatch);
+        virCommandHandleReadWrite(cmd->errWatch, cmd->errfd, events, cmd);
+        cmd->errWatch = -1;
+    }
+
     if (ret == 0) {
         cmd->pid = -1;
         cmd->reap = false;
@@ -2521,3 +2748,50 @@ virCommandFree(virCommandPtr cmd)
 
     VIR_FREE(cmd);
 }
+
+/**
+ * virCommandDoAsyncIO:
+ * @cmd: command to do async IO on
+ *
+ * This requests asynchronous string IO on @cmd. It is useful in
+ * combination with virCommandRunAsync():
+ *
+ *      virCommandPtr cmd = virCommandNew*(...);
+ *      char *buf = NULL;
+ *
+ *      ...
+ *
+ *      virCommandSetOutputBuffer(cmd, &buf);
+ *      virCommandDoAsyncIO(cmd);
+ *
+ *      if (virCommandRunAsync(cmd, NULL) < 0)
+ *          goto cleanup;
+ *
+ *      ...
+ *
+ *      if (virCommandWait(cmd, NULL) < 0)
+ *          goto cleanup;
+ *
+ *      // @buf now contains @cmd's stdout
+ *      VIR_DEBUG("STDOUT: %s", NULLSTR(buf));
+ *
+ *      ...
+ *
+ *  cleanup:
+ *      VIR_FREE(buf);
+ *      virCommandFree(cmd);
+ *
+ * The libvirt's event loop is used for handling stdios of @cmd.
+ * Since current implementation uses strlen to determine length
+ * of data to be written to @cmd's stdin, don't pass any binary
+ * data. If you want to re-run command, you need to call this and
+ * buffer setting functions (virCommandSet.*Buffer) prior each run.
+ */
+void
+virCommandDoAsyncIO(virCommandPtr cmd)
+{
+   if (!cmd || cmd->has_error)
+       return;
+
+   cmd->flags |= VIR_EXEC_ASYNC_IO | VIR_EXEC_NONBLOCK;
+}
diff --git a/src/util/vircommand.h b/src/util/vircommand.h
index 9b7117d..c1a2e24 100644
--- a/src/util/vircommand.h
+++ b/src/util/vircommand.h
@@ -163,4 +163,5 @@ void virCommandAbort(virCommandPtr cmd);
 
 void virCommandFree(virCommandPtr cmd);
 
+void virCommandDoAsyncIO(virCommandPtr cmd);
 #endif /* __VIR_COMMAND_H__ */
-- 
1.8.0.2


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