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[libvirt] [PATCH 4/4] storage: don't follow backing chain symlinks too eagerly



If you have a qcow2 file /path1/to/file pointed to by symlink
/path2/symlink, and pass qemu /path2/symlink, then qemu treats
a relative backing file in the qcow2 metadata as being relative
to /path2, not /path1/to.  Yes, this means that it is possible
to create a qcow2 file where the choice of WHICH directory and
symlink you access its contents from will then determine WHICH
backing file (if any) you actually find; the results can be
rather screwy, but we have to match what qemu does.

Libvirt and qemu default to creating absolute backing file
names, so most users don't hit this.  But at least VDSM uses
symlinks and relative backing names alongside the
--reuse-external flags to libvirt snapshot operations, with the
result that libvirt was failing to follow the intended chain of
backing files, and then backing files were not granted the
necessary sVirt permissions to be opened by qemu.

See https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=903248 for
more gory details.  This fixes a regression introduced in
commit 8250783.

I tested this patch by creating the following chain:

ls /home/eblake/Downloads/Fedora.iso # raw file for base
cd /var/lib/libvirt/images
qemu-img create -f qcow2 \
  -obacking_file=/home/eblake/Downloads/Fedora.iso,backing_fmt=raw one
mkdir sub
cd sub
ln -s ../one onelink
qemu-img create -f qcow2 \
  -obacking_file=../sub/onelink,backing_fmt=qcow2 two
mv two ..
ln -s ../two twolink
qemu-img create -f qcow2 \
  -obacking_file=../sub/twolink,backing_fmt=qcow2 three
mv three ..
ln -s ../three threelink

then pointing my domain at /var/lib/libvirt/images/sub/threelink.
Prior to this patch, I got complaints about missing backing
files; afterwards, I was able to verify that the backing chain
(and hence DAC and SELinux relabels) of the entire chain worked.

* src/util/virstoragefile.h (_virStorageFileMetadata): Add
directory member.
* src/util/virstoragefile.c (absolutePathFromBaseFile): Drop,
replaced by...
(virFindBackingFile): ...better function.
(virStorageFileGetMetadataInternal): Add an argument.
(virStorageFileGetMetadataFromFD, virStorageFileChainLookup)
(virStorageFileGetMetadata): Update callers.
---
 src/util/virstoragefile.c | 88 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
 src/util/virstoragefile.h |  1 +
 2 files changed, 57 insertions(+), 32 deletions(-)

diff --git a/src/util/virstoragefile.c b/src/util/virstoragefile.c
index 1a4557e..555a911 100644
--- a/src/util/virstoragefile.c
+++ b/src/util/virstoragefile.c
@@ -548,44 +548,56 @@ qedGetBackingStore(char **res,
 }

 /**
- * Return an absolute path corresponding to PATH, which is absolute or relative
- * to the directory containing BASE_FILE, or NULL on error
+ * Given a starting point START (either an original file name, or the
+ * directory containing the original name, depending on START_IS_DIR)
+ * and a possibly relative backing file NAME, compute the relative
+ * DIRECTORY (optional) and CANONICAL (mandatory) location of the
+ * backing file.  Return 0 on success, negative on error.
  */
-static char *
-absolutePathFromBaseFile(const char *base_file, const char *path)
+static int ATTRIBUTE_NONNULL(1) ATTRIBUTE_NONNULL(3) ATTRIBUTE_NONNULL(5)
+virFindBackingFile(const char *start, bool start_is_dir, const char *path,
+                   char **directory, char **canonical)
 {
-    char *res = NULL;
-    char *tmp = NULL;
-    size_t d_len = dir_len(base_file);
+    char *combined = NULL;
+    int ret = -1;

-    /* If path is already absolute, or if dirname(base_file) is ".",
-       just return a copy of path.  */
-    if (*path == '/' || d_len == 0) {
-        if (!(res = canonicalize_file_name(path)))
-            virReportSystemError(errno,
-                                 _("Can't canonicalize path '%s'"), path);
+    if (*path == '/') {
+        /* Safe to cast away const */
+        combined = (char *)path;
+    } else {
+        size_t d_len = start_is_dir ? strlen(start) : dir_len(start);

-        goto cleanup;
+        if (d_len > INT_MAX) {
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR,
+                           _("name too long: '%s'"), start);
+            goto cleanup;
+        } else if (!d_len) {
+            start = ".";
+            d_len = 1;
+        }
+        if (virAsprintf(&combined, "%.*s/%s", (int)d_len, start, path) < 0) {
+            virReportOOMError();
+            goto cleanup;
+        }
     }

-    /* Ensure that the following cast-to-int is valid.  */
-    if (d_len > INT_MAX) {
-        virReportError(VIR_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR,
-                       _("Directory name too long: '%s'"), base_file);
+    if (directory && !(*directory = mdir_name(combined))) {
+        virReportOOMError();
         goto cleanup;
     }

-    if (virAsprintf(&tmp, "%.*s/%s", (int) d_len, base_file, path) < 0) {
-        virReportOOMError();
+    if (!(*canonical = canonicalize_file_name(combined))) {
+        virReportSystemError(errno,
+                             _("Can't canonicalize path '%s'"), path);
         goto cleanup;
     }

-    if (!(res = canonicalize_file_name(tmp)))
-        virReportSystemError(errno, _("Can't canonicalize path '%s'"), path);
+    ret = 0;

 cleanup:
-    VIR_FREE(tmp);
-    return res;
+    if (combined != path)
+        VIR_FREE(combined);
+    return ret;
 }


@@ -708,9 +720,13 @@ cleanup:
 }


+/* Given a file descriptor FD open on PATH, and optionally opened from
+ * a given DIRECTORY, return metadata about that file, assuming it has
+ * the given FORMAT. */
 static virStorageFileMetadataPtr
 virStorageFileGetMetadataInternal(const char *path,
                                   int fd,
+                                  const char *directory,
                                   int format)
 {
     virStorageFileMetadata *meta = NULL;
@@ -816,8 +832,11 @@ virStorageFileGetMetadataInternal(const char *path,
             if (virBackingStoreIsFile(backing)) {
                 meta->backingStoreIsFile = true;
                 meta->backingStoreRaw = meta->backingStore;
-                meta->backingStore = absolutePathFromBaseFile(path, backing);
-                if (meta->backingStore == NULL) {
+                meta->backingStore = NULL;
+                if (virFindBackingFile(directory ? directory : path,
+                                       !!directory, backing,
+                                       &meta->directory,
+                                       &meta->backingStore) < 0) {
                     /* the backing file is (currently) unavailable, treat this
                      * file as standalone:
                      * backingStoreRaw is kept to mark broken image chains */
@@ -956,13 +975,13 @@ virStorageFileGetMetadataFromFD(const char *path,
                                 int fd,
                                 int format)
 {
-    return virStorageFileGetMetadataInternal(path, fd, format);
+    return virStorageFileGetMetadataInternal(path, fd, NULL, format);
 }

 /* Recursive workhorse for virStorageFileGetMetadata.  */
 static virStorageFileMetadataPtr
-virStorageFileGetMetadataRecurse(const char *path, int format,
-                                 uid_t uid, gid_t gid,
+virStorageFileGetMetadataRecurse(const char *path, const char *directory,
+                                 int format, uid_t uid, gid_t gid,
                                  bool allow_probe, virHashTablePtr cycle)
 {
     int fd;
@@ -985,7 +1004,7 @@ virStorageFileGetMetadataRecurse(const char *path, int format,
         return NULL;
     }

-    ret = virStorageFileGetMetadataInternal(path, fd, format);
+    ret = virStorageFileGetMetadataInternal(path, fd, directory, format);

     if (VIR_CLOSE(fd) < 0)
         VIR_WARN("could not close file %s", path);
@@ -997,6 +1016,7 @@ virStorageFileGetMetadataRecurse(const char *path, int format,
             ret->backingStoreFormat = VIR_STORAGE_FILE_AUTO;
         format = ret->backingStoreFormat;
         ret->backingMeta = virStorageFileGetMetadataRecurse(ret->backingStore,
+                                                            ret->directory,
                                                             format,
                                                             uid, gid,
                                                             allow_probe,
@@ -1044,7 +1064,7 @@ virStorageFileGetMetadata(const char *path, int format,

     if (format <= VIR_STORAGE_FILE_NONE)
         format = allow_probe ? VIR_STORAGE_FILE_AUTO : VIR_STORAGE_FILE_RAW;
-    ret = virStorageFileGetMetadataRecurse(path, format, uid, gid,
+    ret = virStorageFileGetMetadataRecurse(path, NULL, format, uid, gid,
                                            allow_probe, cycle);
     virHashFree(cycle);
     return ret;
@@ -1064,6 +1084,7 @@ virStorageFileFreeMetadata(virStorageFileMetadata *meta)
     virStorageFileFreeMetadata(meta->backingMeta);
     VIR_FREE(meta->backingStore);
     VIR_FREE(meta->backingStoreRaw);
+    VIR_FREE(meta->directory);
     VIR_FREE(meta);
 }

@@ -1366,7 +1387,10 @@ virStorageFileChainLookup(virStorageFileMetadataPtr chain, const char *start,
                    STREQ(name, owner->backingStore)) {
             break;
         } else if (owner->backingStoreIsFile) {
-            char *absName = absolutePathFromBaseFile(*parent, name);
+            char *absName = NULL;
+            if (virFindBackingFile(owner->directory, true, name,
+                                   NULL, &absName) < 0)
+                goto error;
             if (absName && STREQ(absName, owner->backingStore)) {
                 VIR_FREE(absName);
                 break;
diff --git a/src/util/virstoragefile.h b/src/util/virstoragefile.h
index 821d07e..d7b4508 100644
--- a/src/util/virstoragefile.h
+++ b/src/util/virstoragefile.h
@@ -56,6 +56,7 @@ typedef virStorageFileMetadata *virStorageFileMetadataPtr;
 struct _virStorageFileMetadata {
     char *backingStore; /* Canonical name (absolute file, or protocol) */
     char *backingStoreRaw; /* If file, original name, possibly relative */
+    char *directory; /* The directory containing basename(backingStoreRaw) */
     int backingStoreFormat; /* enum virStorageFileFormat */
     bool backingStoreIsFile;
     virStorageFileMetadataPtr backingMeta;
-- 
1.8.1


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