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[libvirt] [PATCH v3 4/4] Push nwfilter update locking up to top level



The NWFilter code has as a deadlock race condition between
the virNWFilter{Define,Undefine} APIs and starting of guest
VMs due to mis-matched lock ordering.

In the virNWFilter{Define,Undefine} codepaths the lock ordering
is

  1. nwfilter driver lock
  2. virt driver lock
  3. nwfilter update lock
  4. domain object lock

In the VM guest startup paths the lock ordering is

  1. virt driver lock
  2. domain object lock
  3. nwfilter update lock

As can be seen the domain object and nwfilter update locks are
not acquired in a consistent order.

The fix used is to push the nwfilter update lock upto the top
level resulting in a lock ordering for virNWFilter{Define,Undefine}
of

  1. nwfilter driver lock
  2. nwfilter update lock
  3. virt driver lock
  4. domain object lock

and VM start using

  1. nwfilter update lock
  2. virt driver lock
  3. domain object lock

This has the effect of serializing VM startup once again, even if
no nwfilters are applied to the guest. There is also the possibility
of deadlock due to a call graph loop via virNWFilterInstantiate
and virNWFilterInstantiateFilterLate.

These two problems mean the lock must be turned into a read/write
lock instead of a plain mutex at the same time. The lock is used to
serialize changes to the "driver->nwfilters" hash, so the write lock
only needs to be held by the define/undefine methods. All other
methods can rely on a read lock which allows good concurrency.

Signed-off-by: Daniel P. Berrange <berrange redhat com>
---
 src/conf/nwfilter_conf.c               | 23 +++++++++++------------
 src/conf/nwfilter_conf.h               |  3 ++-
 src/libvirt_private.syms               |  3 ++-
 src/lxc/lxc_driver.c                   |  6 ++++++
 src/nwfilter/nwfilter_driver.c         | 10 ++++++----
 src/nwfilter/nwfilter_gentech_driver.c |  6 +-----
 src/qemu/qemu_driver.c                 |  6 ++++++
 src/uml/uml_driver.c                   |  4 ++++
 8 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)

diff --git a/src/conf/nwfilter_conf.c b/src/conf/nwfilter_conf.c
index 6db8ea9..52e1c06 100644
--- a/src/conf/nwfilter_conf.c
+++ b/src/conf/nwfilter_conf.c
@@ -143,17 +143,22 @@ static const struct int_map chain_priorities[] = {
 /*
  * only one filter update allowed
  */
-static virMutex updateMutex;
+static virRWLock updateLock;
 static bool initialized = false;
 
 void
-virNWFilterLockFilterUpdates(void) {
-    virMutexLock(&updateMutex);
+virNWFilterReadLockFilterUpdates(void) {
+    virRWLockRead(&updateLock);
+}
+
+void
+virNWFilterWriteLockFilterUpdates(void) {
+    virRWLockWrite(&updateLock);
 }
 
 void
 virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates(void) {
-    virMutexUnlock(&updateMutex);
+    virRWLockUnlock(&updateLock);
 }
 
 
@@ -2990,14 +2995,12 @@ virNWFilterObjAssignDef(virNWFilterObjListPtr nwfilters,
         return NULL;
     }
 
-    virNWFilterLockFilterUpdates();
 
     if ((nwfilter = virNWFilterObjFindByName(nwfilters, def->name))) {
 
         if (virNWFilterDefEqual(def, nwfilter->def, false)) {
             virNWFilterDefFree(nwfilter->def);
             nwfilter->def = def;
-            virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates();
             return nwfilter;
         }
 
@@ -3005,7 +3008,6 @@ virNWFilterObjAssignDef(virNWFilterObjListPtr nwfilters,
         /* trigger the update on VMs referencing the filter */
         if (virNWFilterTriggerVMFilterRebuild()) {
             nwfilter->newDef = NULL;
-            virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates();
             virNWFilterObjUnlock(nwfilter);
             return NULL;
         }
@@ -3013,12 +3015,9 @@ virNWFilterObjAssignDef(virNWFilterObjListPtr nwfilters,
         virNWFilterDefFree(nwfilter->def);
         nwfilter->def = def;
         nwfilter->newDef = NULL;
-        virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates();
         return nwfilter;
     }
 
-    virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates();
-
     if (VIR_ALLOC(nwfilter) < 0)
         return NULL;
 
@@ -3483,7 +3482,7 @@ int virNWFilterConfLayerInit(virDomainObjListIterator domUpdateCB,
 
     initialized = true;
 
-    if (virMutexInitRecursive(&updateMutex) < 0)
+    if (virRWLockInit(&updateLock) < 0)
         return -1;
 
     return 0;
@@ -3495,7 +3494,7 @@ void virNWFilterConfLayerShutdown(void)
     if (!initialized)
         return;
 
-    virMutexDestroy(&updateMutex);
+    virRWLockDestroy(&updateLock);
 
     initialized = false;
     virNWFilterDomainFWUpdateOpaque = NULL;
diff --git a/src/conf/nwfilter_conf.h b/src/conf/nwfilter_conf.h
index 6b8b515..0d09b6a 100644
--- a/src/conf/nwfilter_conf.h
+++ b/src/conf/nwfilter_conf.h
@@ -716,7 +716,8 @@ virNWFilterDefPtr virNWFilterDefParseFile(const char *filename);
 void virNWFilterObjLock(virNWFilterObjPtr obj);
 void virNWFilterObjUnlock(virNWFilterObjPtr obj);
 
-void virNWFilterLockFilterUpdates(void);
+void virNWFilterWriteLockFilterUpdates(void);
+void virNWFilterReadLockFilterUpdates(void);
 void virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates(void);
 
 int virNWFilterConfLayerInit(virDomainObjListIterator domUpdateCB, void *opaque);
diff --git a/src/libvirt_private.syms b/src/libvirt_private.syms
index ad9ad28..d77bbb2 100644
--- a/src/libvirt_private.syms
+++ b/src/libvirt_private.syms
@@ -575,7 +575,6 @@ virNWFilterDefParseString;
 virNWFilterInstFiltersOnAllVMs;
 virNWFilterJumpTargetTypeToString;
 virNWFilterLoadAllConfigs;
-virNWFilterLockFilterUpdates;
 virNWFilterObjAssignDef;
 virNWFilterObjDeleteDef;
 virNWFilterObjFindByName;
@@ -587,6 +586,7 @@ virNWFilterObjSaveDef;
 virNWFilterObjUnlock;
 virNWFilterPrintStateMatchFlags;
 virNWFilterPrintTCPFlags;
+virNWFilterReadLockFilterUpdates;
 virNWFilterRegisterCallbackDriver;
 virNWFilterRuleActionTypeToString;
 virNWFilterRuleDirectionTypeToString;
@@ -594,6 +594,7 @@ virNWFilterRuleProtocolTypeToString;
 virNWFilterTestUnassignDef;
 virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates;
 virNWFilterUnRegisterCallbackDriver;
+virNWFilterWriteLockFilterUpdates;
 
 
 # conf/nwfilter_ipaddrmap.h
diff --git a/src/lxc/lxc_driver.c b/src/lxc/lxc_driver.c
index 982f3fc..73a2986 100644
--- a/src/lxc/lxc_driver.c
+++ b/src/lxc/lxc_driver.c
@@ -1015,6 +1015,8 @@ static int lxcDomainCreateWithFiles(virDomainPtr dom,
 
     virCheckFlags(VIR_DOMAIN_START_AUTODESTROY, -1);
 
+    virNWFilterReadLockFilterUpdates();
+
     if (!(vm = lxcDomObjFromDomain(dom)))
         goto cleanup;
 
@@ -1053,6 +1055,7 @@ cleanup:
     if (event)
         virObjectEventStateQueue(driver->domainEventState, event);
     virObjectUnref(cfg);
+    virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates();
     return ret;
 }
 
@@ -1109,6 +1112,8 @@ lxcDomainCreateXMLWithFiles(virConnectPtr conn,
 
     virCheckFlags(VIR_DOMAIN_START_AUTODESTROY, NULL);
 
+    virNWFilterReadLockFilterUpdates();
+
     if (!(caps = virLXCDriverGetCapabilities(driver, false)))
         goto cleanup;
 
@@ -1164,6 +1169,7 @@ cleanup:
         virObjectEventStateQueue(driver->domainEventState, event);
     virObjectUnref(caps);
     virObjectUnref(cfg);
+    virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates();
     return dom;
 }
 
diff --git a/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_driver.c b/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_driver.c
index d21dd82..5908df7 100644
--- a/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_driver.c
+++ b/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_driver.c
@@ -283,12 +283,14 @@ nwfilterStateReload(void)
     virNWFilterLearnThreadsTerminate(true);
 
     nwfilterDriverLock(driverState);
+    virNWFilterWriteLockFilterUpdates();
     virNWFilterCallbackDriversLock();
 
     virNWFilterLoadAllConfigs(&driverState->nwfilters,
                               driverState->configDir);
 
     virNWFilterCallbackDriversUnlock();
+    virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates();
     nwfilterDriverUnlock(driverState);
 
     virNWFilterInstFiltersOnAllVMs();
@@ -554,6 +556,7 @@ nwfilterDefineXML(virConnectPtr conn,
     virNWFilterPtr ret = NULL;
 
     nwfilterDriverLock(driver);
+    virNWFilterWriteLockFilterUpdates();
     virNWFilterCallbackDriversLock();
 
     if (!(def = virNWFilterDefParseString(xml)))
@@ -580,6 +583,7 @@ cleanup:
         virNWFilterObjUnlock(nwfilter);
 
     virNWFilterCallbackDriversUnlock();
+    virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates();
     nwfilterDriverUnlock(driver);
     return ret;
 }
@@ -592,10 +596,9 @@ nwfilterUndefine(virNWFilterPtr obj) {
     int ret = -1;
 
     nwfilterDriverLock(driver);
+    virNWFilterWriteLockFilterUpdates();
     virNWFilterCallbackDriversLock();
 
-    virNWFilterLockFilterUpdates();
-
     nwfilter = virNWFilterObjFindByUUID(&driver->nwfilters, obj->uuid);
     if (!nwfilter) {
         virReportError(VIR_ERR_NO_NWFILTER,
@@ -626,9 +629,8 @@ cleanup:
     if (nwfilter)
         virNWFilterObjUnlock(nwfilter);
 
-    virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates();
-
     virNWFilterCallbackDriversUnlock();
+    virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates();
     nwfilterDriverUnlock(driver);
     return ret;
 }
diff --git a/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_gentech_driver.c b/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_gentech_driver.c
index 89913cf8..8c5cd57 100644
--- a/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_gentech_driver.c
+++ b/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_gentech_driver.c
@@ -935,8 +935,6 @@ _virNWFilterInstantiateFilter(virNWFilterDriverStatePtr driver,
     int ifindex;
     int rc;
 
-    virNWFilterLockFilterUpdates();
-
     /* after grabbing the filter update lock check for the interface; if
        it's not there anymore its filters will be or are being removed
        (while holding the lock) and we don't want to build new ones */
@@ -964,8 +962,6 @@ _virNWFilterInstantiateFilter(virNWFilterDriverStatePtr driver,
                                         foundNewFilter);
 
 cleanup:
-    virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates();
-
     return rc;
 }
 
@@ -984,7 +980,7 @@ virNWFilterInstantiateFilterLate(virNWFilterDriverStatePtr driver,
     int rc;
     bool foundNewFilter = false;
 
-    virNWFilterLockFilterUpdates();
+    virNWFilterReadLockFilterUpdates();
 
     rc = __virNWFilterInstantiateFilter(driver,
                                         vmuuid,
diff --git a/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c b/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c
index a555470..4e6e6fb 100644
--- a/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c
+++ b/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c
@@ -1576,6 +1576,8 @@ static virDomainPtr qemuDomainCreateXML(virConnectPtr conn,
     if (flags & VIR_DOMAIN_START_AUTODESTROY)
         start_flags |= VIR_QEMU_PROCESS_START_AUTODESTROY;
 
+    virNWFilterReadLockFilterUpdates();
+
     if (!(caps = virQEMUDriverGetCapabilities(driver, false)))
         goto cleanup;
 
@@ -1656,6 +1658,7 @@ cleanup:
     }
     virObjectUnref(caps);
     virObjectUnref(qemuCaps);
+    virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates();
     return dom;
 }
 
@@ -6095,6 +6098,8 @@ qemuDomainCreateWithFlags(virDomainPtr dom, unsigned int flags)
                   VIR_DOMAIN_START_BYPASS_CACHE |
                   VIR_DOMAIN_START_FORCE_BOOT, -1);
 
+    virNWFilterReadLockFilterUpdates();
+
     if (!(vm = qemuDomObjFromDomain(dom)))
         return -1;
 
@@ -6122,6 +6127,7 @@ endjob:
 cleanup:
     if (vm)
         virObjectUnlock(vm);
+    virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates();
     return ret;
 }
 
diff --git a/src/uml/uml_driver.c b/src/uml/uml_driver.c
index 89afefe..309c10e 100644
--- a/src/uml/uml_driver.c
+++ b/src/uml/uml_driver.c
@@ -1574,6 +1574,7 @@ static virDomainPtr umlDomainCreateXML(virConnectPtr conn, const char *xml,
 
     virCheckFlags(VIR_DOMAIN_START_AUTODESTROY, NULL);
 
+    virNWFilterReadLockFilterUpdates();
     umlDriverLock(driver);
     if (!(def = virDomainDefParseString(xml, driver->caps, driver->xmlopt,
                                         1 << VIR_DOMAIN_VIRT_UML,
@@ -1613,6 +1614,7 @@ cleanup:
     if (event)
         umlDomainEventQueue(driver, event);
     umlDriverUnlock(driver);
+    virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates();
     return dom;
 }
 
@@ -1997,6 +1999,7 @@ static int umlDomainCreateWithFlags(virDomainPtr dom, unsigned int flags) {
 
     virCheckFlags(VIR_DOMAIN_START_AUTODESTROY, -1);
 
+    virNWFilterReadLockFilterUpdates();
     umlDriverLock(driver);
     vm = virDomainObjListFindByUUID(driver->domains, dom->uuid);
 
@@ -2023,6 +2026,7 @@ cleanup:
     if (event)
         umlDomainEventQueue(driver, event);
     umlDriverUnlock(driver);
+    virNWFilterUnlockFilterUpdates();
     return ret;
 }
 
-- 
1.8.4.2


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