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Re: [libvirt] [Qemu-devel] [RFC 0/7] Live Migration with Pass-through Devices proposal



On Wed, Apr 22, 2015 at 06:12:25PM +0100, Dr. David Alan Gilbert wrote:
> * Daniel P. Berrange (berrange redhat com) wrote:
> > On Wed, Apr 22, 2015 at 06:01:56PM +0100, Dr. David Alan Gilbert wrote:
> > > * Daniel P. Berrange (berrange redhat com) wrote:
> > > > On Fri, Apr 17, 2015 at 04:53:02PM +0800, Chen Fan wrote:
> > > > > backgrond:
> > > > > Live migration is one of the most important features of virtualization technology.
> > > > > With regard to recent virtualization techniques, performance of network I/O is critical.
> > > > > Current network I/O virtualization (e.g. Para-virtualized I/O, VMDq) has a significant
> > > > > performance gap with native network I/O. Pass-through network devices have near
> > > > > native performance, however, they have thus far prevented live migration. No existing
> > > > > methods solve the problem of live migration with pass-through devices perfectly.
> > > > > 
> > > > > There was an idea to solve the problem in website:
> > > > > https://www.kernel.org/doc/ols/2008/ols2008v2-pages-261-267.pdf
> > > > > Please refer to above document for detailed information.
> > > > > 
> > > > > So I think this problem maybe could be solved by using the combination of existing
> > > > > technology. and the following steps are we considering to implement:
> > > > > 
> > > > > -  before boot VM, we anticipate to specify two NICs for creating bonding device
> > > > >    (one plugged and one virtual NIC) in XML. here we can specify the NIC's mac addresses
> > > > >    in XML, which could facilitate qemu-guest-agent to find the network interfaces in guest.
> > > > > 
> > > > > -  when qemu-guest-agent startup in guest it would send a notification to libvirt,
> > > > >    then libvirt will call the previous registered initialize callbacks. so through
> > > > >    the callback functions, we can create the bonding device according to the XML
> > > > >    configuration. and here we use netcf tool which can facilitate to create bonding device
> > > > >    easily.
> > > > 
> > > > I'm not really clear on why libvirt/guest agent needs to be involved in this.
> > > > I think configuration of networking is really something that must be left to
> > > > the guest OS admin to control. I don't think the guest agent should be trying
> > > > to reconfigure guest networking itself, as that is inevitably going to conflict
> > > > with configuration attempted by things in the guest like NetworkManager or
> > > > systemd-networkd.
> > > > 
> > > > IOW, if you want to do this setup where the guest is given multiple NICs connected
> > > > to the same host LAN, then I think we should just let the gues admin configure
> > > > bonding in whatever manner they decide is best for their OS install.
> > > 
> > > I disagree; there should be a way for the admin not to have to do this manually;
> > > however it should interact well with existing management stuff.
> > > 
> > > At the simplest, something that marks the two NICs in a discoverable way
> > > so that they can be seen that they're part of a set;  with just that ID system
> > > then an installer or setup tool can notice them and offer to put them into
> > > a bond automatically; I'd assume it would be possible to add a rule somewhere
> > > that said anything with the same ID would automatically be added to the bond.
> > 
> > I didn't mean the admin would literally configure stuff manually. I really
> > just meant that the guest OS itself should decide how it is done, whether
> > NetworkManager magically does the right thing, or the person building the
> > cloud disk image provides a magic udev rule, or $something else. I just
> > don't think that the QEMU guest agent should be involved, as that will
> > definitely trample all over other things that manage networking in the
> > guest.
> 
> OK, good, that's about the same level I was at.
> 
> > I could see this being solved in the cloud disk images by using
> > cloud-init metadata to mark the NICs as being in a set, or perhaps there
> > is some magic you could define in SMBIOS tables, or something else again.
> > A cloud-init based solution wouldn't need any QEMU work, but an SMBIOS
> > solution might.
> 
> Would either of these work with hotplug though?   I guess as the VM starts
> off with the pair of NICs, then when you remove one and add it back after
> migration then you don't need any more information added; so yes
> cloud-init or SMBIOS would do it.  (I was thinking SMBIOS stuff
> in the way that you get device/slot numbering that NIC naming is sometimes based
> off).
>
> What about if we hot-add a new NIC later on (not during migration);
> a normal hot-add of a NIC now turns into a hot-add of two new NICs; how
> do we pass the information at hot-add time to provide that?

Hmm, yes, actually hotplug would be a problem with that.

A even simpler idea would be to just keep things real dumb and simply
use the same MAC address for both NICs. Once you put them in a bond
device, the kernel will be copying the MAC address of the first NIC
into the second NIC anyway, so unless I'm missing something, we might
as well just use the same MAC address for both right away. That makes
it easy for guest to discover NICs in the same set and works with
hotplug trivially.

Regards,
Daniel
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