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Re: [libvirt] Exposing feature deprecation to machine clients (was: [Qemu-devel] [PATCH 2/2] qapi: deprecate implicit filters)




On 8/15/19 10:16 AM, Markus Armbruster wrote:
> John Snow <jsnow redhat com> writes:
> 
>> On 8/14/19 6:07 AM, Vladimir Sementsov-Ogievskiy wrote:
>>> To get rid of implicit filters related workarounds in future let's
>>> deprecate them now.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Vladimir Sementsov-Ogievskiy <vsementsov virtuozzo com>
>>> ---
> [...]
>>> diff --git a/blockdev.c b/blockdev.c
>>> index 36e9368e01..b3cfaccce1 100644
>>> --- a/blockdev.c
>>> +++ b/blockdev.c
>>> @@ -3292,6 +3292,11 @@ void qmp_block_commit(bool has_job_id, const char *job_id, const char *device,
>>>      BlockdevOnError on_error = BLOCKDEV_ON_ERROR_REPORT;
>>>      int job_flags = JOB_DEFAULT;
>>>  
>>> +    if (!has_filter_node_name) {
>>> +        warn_report("Omitting filter-node-name parameter is deprecated, it "
>>> +                    "will be required in future");
>>> +    }
>>> +
>>>      if (!has_speed) {
>>>          speed = 0;
>>>      }
>>> @@ -3990,6 +3995,11 @@ void qmp_blockdev_mirror(bool has_job_id, const char *job_id,
>>>      Error *local_err = NULL;
>>>      int ret;
>>>  
>>> +    if (!has_filter_node_name) {
>>> +        warn_report("Omitting filter-node-name parameter is deprecated, it "
>>> +                    "will be required in future");
>>> +    }
>>> +
>>>      bs = qmp_get_root_bs(device, errp);
>>>      if (!bs) {
>>>          return;
>>>
>>
>> This might be OK to do right away, though.
>>
>> I asked Markus this not too long ago; do we want to amend the QAPI
>> schema specification to allow commands to return with "Warning" strings,
>> or "Deprecated" stings to allow in-band deprecation notices for cases
>> like these?
>>
>> example:
>>
>> { "return": {},
>>   "deprecated": True,
>>   "warning": "Omitting filter-node-name parameter is deprecated, it will
>> be required in the future"
>> }
>>
>> There's no "error" key, so this should be recognized as success by
>> compatible clients, but they'll definitely see the extra information.
> 
> This is a compatible evolution of the QMP protocol.
> 
>> Part of my motivation is to facilitate a more aggressive deprecation of
>> legacy features by ensuring that we are able to rigorously notify users
>> through any means that they need to adjust their scripts.
> 
> Yes, we should help libvirt etc. with detecting use of deprecated
> features.  We discussed this at the KVM Forum 2018 BoF on deprecating
> stuff.  Minutes:
> 
>     Message-ID: <87mur0ls8o fsf dusky pond sub org>
>     https://lists.nongnu.org/archive/html/qemu-devel/2018-10/msg05828.html
> 
> Last item is relevant here.
> 
> Adding deprecation information to QMP's success response belongs to "We
> can also pass the buck to the next layer up", next to "emit a QMP
> event".
> 
> Let's compare the two, i.e. "deprecation info in success response"
> vs. "deprecation event".
> 
> 1. Possible triggers
> 
> Anything we put in the success response should only ever apply to the
> (successful) command.  So this one's limited to QMP commands.
> 
> A QMP event is not limited to QMP commands.  For instance, it could be
> emitted for deprecated CLI features (long after the fact, in addition to
> human-readable warnings on stderr), or when we detect use of a
> deprecated feature only after we sent the success response, say in a
> job.  Neither use case is particularly convincing.  Reporting use of
> deprecated CLI in QMP feels like a work-around for the CLI's
> machine-unfriendliness.  Job-like commands should really check their
> arguments upfront.
> 
> 2. Connection to trigger
> 
> Connecting responses to commands is the QMP protocol's responsibility.
> Transmitting deprecation information in the response trivially ties it
> to the offending command.
> 
> The QMP protocol doesn't tie events to anything.  Thus, a deprecation
> event needs an event-specific tie to its trigger.
> 
> The obvious way to tie it to a command mirrors how the QMP protocol ties
> responses to commands: by command ID.  The event either has to be sent
> just to the offending monitor (currently, all events are broadcast to
> all monitors), or include a suitable monitor ID.
> 
> For non-command triggers, we'd have to invent some other tie.
> 
> 3. Interface complexity
> 
> Tying the event to some arbitrary trigger adds complexity.
> 
> Do we need non-command triggers, and badly enough to justify the
> additional complexity?
> 
> 4. Implementation complexity 
> 
> Emitting an event could be as simple as
> 
>     qapi_event_send_deprecated(qmp_command_id(),
>                                "Omitting 'filter-node-name'");
> 
> where qmp_command_id() returns the ID of the currently executing
> command.  Making qmp_command_id() work is up to the QMP core.  Simple
> enough as long as each QMP command runs to completion before its monitor
> starts the next one.
> 
> The event is "fire and forget".  There is no warning object propagated
> up the call chain into the QMP core like errors objects are.
> 
> "Fire and forget" is ideal for letting arbitrary code decide "this is
> deprecated".
> 
> Note the QAPI schema remains untouched.
> 
> Unlike an event, which can be emitted anywhere, the success response
> gets built in the QMP core.  To have the core add deprecation info to
> it, we need to get the info to the core.
> 
> If deprecation info originates in command code, like errors do, we need
> to propagate it up the call chain into the QMP core like errors.
> 
> Propagating errors is painful.  It has caused massive churn all over the
> place.
> 
> I don't think we can hitch deprecation info to the existing error
> propagation, since we need to take the success path back to the QMP
> core, not an error path.
> 
> Propagating a second object for warnings... thanks, but no thanks.
> 

Probably the best argument against it. Fire-and-forget avoids the
problem. Events might work just fine, but the "tie" bit seems like a yak
in need of a shave.

> The QMP core could provide a function for recording deprecation info for
> the currently executing QMP command.  This is how we used to record
> errors in QMP commands, until Anthony rammed through what we have now.
> The commit messages (e.g. d5ec4f27c38) provide no justification.  I
> dimly recall adamant (oral?) claims that recording errors in the Monitor
> object cannot work for us.
> 
> I smell a swamp.
> 
> Can we avoid plumbing deprecation info from command code to QMP core?
> Only if the QMP core itself can recognize deprecated interfaces.  I
> believe it can for the cases we can expose in introspecion.  Let me
> explain.
> 
> Kevin recently added "features" to the QAPI schema language.  The
> implementation is incomplete, but that's detail.  The idea is to tack a
> "deprecated" feature to deprecated stuff in the QAPI schema.
> 

That's a good idea too; but the semantics of exactly *what* was
deprecated may be hard to capture.

> Commands and arguments need to support features for that.
> Implementation should be relatively straightforward.
> 
> Deprecating an argument's optionalness may require a
> "optional-deprecated" feature.  I've seen more elegant designs, but I've
> also seen plenty of uglier ones.
> 
> Note that features are tied to schema syntax.  To express semantically
> conditional deprecation like "if you specify argument FOO, then not
> specifying argument BAR is deprecated", we'd have to add a language for
> these conditions.  Uh, not now, maybe never.
> 
> The primary use of having deprecation defined in the QAPI schema is
> introspection.  The BoF minutes mention this, too.
> 
> A secondary use could be detecting use of deprecated features right in
> the QMP core.  No need for ad hoc code in commands, no need for plumbing
> information from there to the QMP core.
> 
> I'd like to pursue this idea, then see how well it suits our deprecation
> needs.
> 

I should clearly remember to talk to you before thinking about QMP in
public, because you've thought about it much more.

--js


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