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Re: [libvirt] [PATCH 4/5] network: regain guest network connectivity after firewalld switch to nftables




On 1/9/19 9:57 PM, Laine Stump wrote:
> From: Laine Stump <laine redhat com>
> 
> In the past (when both libvirt and firewalld used iptables), if either
> libvirt's rules *OR* firewalld's rules accepted a packet, it would be
> accepted. This was because libvirt and firewalld rules were processed
> by the same kernel hook.
> 
> But now firewalld can use nftables for its backend, while libvirt's
> firewall rules are still using iptables; iptables rules are still
> processed, but at a different time during packet processing
> (i.e. during a different hook) than the firewalld nftables rules. The
> result is that a packet must be accepted by *BOTH* the libvirt
> iptables rules *AND* the firewalld nftable rules in order to be
> accepted.
> 
> This causes pain because
> 
> 1) libvirt always adds rules to permit DNS and DHCP (and sometimes
> TFTP) from guests to the local host. But libvirt's bridges are in
> firewalld's "default" zone (which is usually the zone called
> "public"). The public zone allows ssh, but doesn't allow DNS, DHCP, or
> TFTP. So even though libvirt's rules allow the DHCP and DNS traffic,
> the firewalld rules dont, thus guests connected to libvirt's bridges
> can't acquire an IP address from DHCP, nor can they make DNS queries
> to the DNS server libvirt has setup on the host.
> 
> 2) firewalld's higher level "rich rules" don't yet have the ability to
> configure the acceptance of forwarded traffic (traffic that is going
> somewhere beyond the host), so any traffic that needs to be forwarded
> is rejected by the public zone's default "reject" policy (which
> rejects all traffic in the zone not specifically allowed by the rules
> in the zone, whether that traffic is destined to be forwarded or
> locally received by the host).
> 
> libvirt can't send "direct" nftables rules (firewalld only supports
> that for iptables), so we can't solve this problem by just sending
> explicit nftables rules instead of explicit iptables rules (which, if
> it could be done, would place libvirt's rules in the same hook as
> firewalld's native rules, and thus eliminate the need for packets to
> be accepted by both libvirt's and firewalld's own rules).
> 
> However, we can take advantage of a quirk in firewalld zones that have
> a default policy of "accept" (meaning any packet that doesn't match a
> specific rule in the zone will be *accepted*) - this default accept will
> also accept forwarded traffic (not just traffic destined for the host).
> 
> Putting each network's bridge in a new zone called "libvirt" which has
> a default policy of accept will allow the forwarded traffic to pass,
> but the same default accept policy that fixes forwarded traffic also
> causes *all* traffic from guest to host to be accepted. To solve this
> new problem, we can take advantage of a new feature in firewalld
> (currently slated for firewalld-0.7.0) - priorities for rich rules -
> to add a low priority rule that rejects all local traffic (but leaves
> alone all forwarded traffic).
> 
> So, our new zone will start with a list of services that are allowed
> (dhcp, dns, tftp, and ssh to start, but configurable via any firewalld
> management application, or direct editing of the zone file in
> /etc/firewalld/zones/libvirt.xml), followed by a low priority
> <reject/> rule (to reject all other traffic from guest to host), and
> finally with a default policy of accept (to allow forwarded traffic)
> 
> After this patch, any network created by libvirt (when firewalld is
> enabled) will be added to the zone called "libvirt".
> 
> HOWEVER, even this could be problematic - since the libvirt zone uses
> a very new feature in firewalld which might not yet be present in the
> firewalld package on the host. The best we can do is put the zone file
> in place, and let firewalld try to load it - if firewalld doesn't
> support rule priorities, it will fail to load the zone file and log an
> error. Since libvirtd will also be attempting to set the zone of every
> new interface to "libvirt", if the libvirt zone failed to load, then
> the call to set the zone of an interface will also fail; this is
> acceptable because it's a transient problem, and the failure will help
> alert the user that they need to also update their firewalld package.
> 
> NB: This behavior *is* slightly different from behavior of previous
> libvirt (in the past, libvirt network behavior would be affected by
> the configuration of firewalld's default zone (usually "public"), but
> now it is affected only by the "libvirt" zone), and thus almost surely
> warrants a release note for any distro upgrading to libvirt 5.0 or
> above. Although it's unfortunate that the behavior has to change, the
> architecture of multiple hooks makes it impossible to *not* change
> behavior in some way, and the new behavior is arguably better (since
> it will now be possible to manage access to the host from virtual
> machines vs from public interfaces separately).
> 
> NB2: This patch does not check whether the firewalld backend is
> nftables or iptables; it behaves identically in either case, which is
> much less confusing than getting different behavior based on the
> configuration of some other package (firewalld).
> 
> NB3: firewalld zones can't normally be added to the runtime config of
> firewalld, so at package install/upgrade time we have to reload all of
> the firewalld permanent config for the new zone to be recognized. This
> is done with a call to "firewall-cmd --reload" during postinstall and
> postuninstall (for rpm-based distros; non-rpm distros will need to
> figure out a different method of triggering the reload). In the case
> that firewalld is inactive, firewall-cmd exits without doing anything
> (i.e. it doesn't start up firewalld.service if it's not already
> started).
> 
> Resolves: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1638342
> Creates-and-Resolves: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/1650320
> Signed-off-by: Laine Stump <laine laine org>
> ---
>  libvirt.spec.in                   | 16 ++++++++++++++++
>  src/network/Makefile.inc.am       | 10 +++++++++-
>  src/network/bridge_driver_linux.c |  9 +++++++++
>  src/network/libvirt.zone          | 14 ++++++++++++++
>  4 files changed, 48 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>  create mode 100644 src/network/libvirt.zone
> 

When the commit message is longer/larger than the patch ;-)

/me wonders how much of the above can or even should be described in
https://libvirt.org/firewall.html.

For those that really know, understand, care, etc. about firewalls
getting to understand what role libvirt plays in things could be very
helpful. Besides you have so much to say now and before you forget it
again...

> diff --git a/libvirt.spec.in b/libvirt.spec.in
> index b04cf53eb8..5217fee6ce 100644
> --- a/libvirt.spec.in
> +++ b/libvirt.spec.in
> @@ -389,6 +389,8 @@ BuildRequires: rpcgen
>  BuildRequires: libtirpc-devel
>  %endif
>  
> +BuildRequires: firewalld-filesystem
> +

Should this have a with_firewalld like others below?

Of course I find/note the conditional with_firewalld check around line
84 and then the unconditional setting around line 131 to be odd, but for
consistency...

>  Provides: bundled(gnulib)
>  
>  %description
> @@ -1352,6 +1354,16 @@ if [ -f %{_localstatedir}/lib/rpm-state/libvirt/restart ]; then
>  fi
>  rm -rf %{_localstatedir}/lib/rpm-state/libvirt || :
>  
> +%post daemon-driver-network
> +%if %{with_firewalld}
> +    %firewalld_reload
> +%endif
> +
> +%postun daemon-driver-network
> +%if %{with_firewalld}
> +    %firewalld_reload
> +%endif
> +
>  %post daemon-config-network
>  if test $1 -eq 1 && test ! -f %{_sysconfdir}/libvirt/qemu/networks/default.xml ; then
>      # see if the network used by default network creates a conflict,
> @@ -1590,6 +1602,10 @@ exit 0
>  %attr(0755, root, root) %{_libexecdir}/libvirt_leaseshelper
>  %{_libdir}/%{name}/connection-driver/libvirt_driver_network.so
>  
> +%if %{with_firewalld}
> +%{_prefix}/lib/firewalld/zones/libvirt.xml
> +%endif
> +

So something is causing me to wonder if we have to do 'anything' here
with respect to file security like other %attr's?

>  %files daemon-driver-nodedev
>  %{_libdir}/%{name}/connection-driver/libvirt_driver_nodedev.so
>  

John

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