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Re: [libvirt] [PATCH 00/10] RFC: conf: partially net model enum conversion

On Fri, Jan 18, 2019 at 06:05:18PM -0500, Cole Robinson wrote:
> This series is base on my virtio-transitional work, since it touches
> a lot of the same code:
> https://www.redhat.com/archives/libvir-list/2019-January/msg00593.html
> This series partially converts the net->model value from a string
> to an enum. We wrap the existing ->model string in accessor functions,
> rename it to ->modelstr, add a ->model enum, and convert internal
> driver usage bit by bit. At the end, all driver code that is acting
> on specific network model values is comparing against an enum, not
> a string.
> This is only partial because of xen/libxl/xm and qemu drivers, which
> if they don't know anything particular about the model string will
> just place it on the qemu command line/xen config and see what happens.
> So basically if I were to pass in

Xen is probably quite easy to deal with as it supports far fewer
arches than the qemu driver. On x86 we need to handle the usual
rtl8139, e100, ne2k, etc for Xen fully virt. I think for other
Xen non-x86 arches, it might be reasonable to only care about
net-front even for fully-virt given that people using Xen with
hardware acceleration won't want a slow NIC.

QEMU is the really hard one as it has a huge set of arches and
people using QEMU in TCG mode conceivably care about all the
random NIC models no matter how slow & awful they are, because
TCG is already slow & awful.

>   <model type='idontexist'/>
> qemu would turn that into
>   -device idontexist,...
> That behavior is untouched by this series. Unwinding it will take
> some thought. For starters would be populating the enum with any
> qemu/xen network model that a user could realistically have a working
> config with. Then maybe tainting the VM if modelstr is used. Then
> after some time the final round could be causing domains to fail to
> start, but not fail to parse, so they don't disappear on upgrade but
> still break in an obvious way that will generate
> complaints/bugreports. But we should agree on a plan for it.

Yes, I think we should mark the guest as "tainted" as that ensures
a log message in the per-QEMU log file. We should also ensure we
use VIR_WARN in libvirtd log too i guess.

We'd want to keep this loose acceptance for at least a year,
possibly two before we consider removing it. 

> Other caveats:
> * vz and bhyve drivers are not compile tested
> * vmx and virtualbox drivers previously would do a case insensitive
>   compare on the model value passed in via the user XML. Current
>   patches don't preserve that. I don't know how much it matters
>   for these drivers for reading fresh XML vs roundtrip XML from
>   converted native formats (which _will_ correct the case issue).
>   If we want to fix this we will need to tolower() the modelstr
>   value in the XML parser. I think there's a gnulib function for
>   it but I haven't explored it deeply

I guess if we're going to be serious about maintaining compat, we
should accept the insensitive strings, at the very least for a
transitional period.

Normally all our enums would be 100% lowercase, but in the vbox
driver you're adding model names which are mixed-case, because
that's what vbox would previously output. I think you are right
to preserve that mixed case despite it not being our normal
practice, because round-tripped XML is important.

I fear there there could well be people feeding in vbox XML that
uses all-lowercase for these vbox models based on normal libvirt
precedent though.  This re-inforces the idea that we should allow
a case-insensitive match when parsing, and perhaps log a warning
if people use the non-preferred case.  Perhaps after a year or
two we could drop the case-insensitive match, but it would not
be a huge burden to just carry it forever.

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