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Re: [PATCH] doc: add some examples for IPv6 NAT configuration



Gentle ping on this; thanks

-i

On Wed, Aug 12, 2020 at 11:21:47AM +1000, Ian Wienand wrote:
> Add some expanded examples for the nat ipv6 introduced with
> 927acaedec7effbe67a154d8bfa0e67f7d08e6c7.
> 
> Unfortunately while for IPv4 it's well-known what addresses ranges are
> useful for NAT, with IPv6 unless you enjoy digging through RFC's going
> back-and-forth over unique local addresses and the meaning of the word
> "site" it's generally much less obvious.  I've tried to add some
> details on choosing a range inline with RFC 4193 and then some
> pointers for when it maybe doesn't work in the guest as you first
> expect despite you doing what the RFC's say!
> 
> Signed-off-by: Ian Wienand <iwienand redhat com>
> ---
>  docs/formatnetwork.html.in | 47 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 47 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/docs/formatnetwork.html.in b/docs/formatnetwork.html.in
> index fb740111b1..94a4cab4d1 100644
> --- a/docs/formatnetwork.html.in
> +++ b/docs/formatnetwork.html.in
> @@ -1209,6 +1209,53 @@
>    &lt;/ip&gt;
>  &lt;/network&gt;</pre>
>  
> +    <h3><a id="examplesNATv6">IPv6 NAT based network</a></h3>
> +
> +    <p>
> +      Below is a variation for also providing IPv6 NAT.  This can be
> +      especially useful when using multiple interfaces where some,
> +      such as WiFi cards, can not be bridged (usually on a laptop),
> +      making it difficult to provide end-to-end IPv6 routing.
> +    </p>
> +
> +    <pre>
> +&lt;network&gt;
> +  &lt;name&gt;default6&lt;/name&gt;
> +  &lt;bridge name="virbr0"/&gt;
> +  &lt;forward mode="nat"&gt;
> +    &lt;nat ipv6='yes'&gt;
> +      &lt;port start='1024' end='65535'/&gt;
> +    &lt;/nat&gt;
> +
> +  &lt;ip address="192.168.122.1" netmask="255.255.255.0"&gt;
> +    &lt;dhcp&gt;
> +      &lt;range start="192.168.122.2" end="192.168.122.254"/&gt;
> +    &lt;/dhcp&gt;
> +  &lt;/ip&gt;
> +  &lt;ip family="ipv6" address="fdXX:XXXX:XXXX:NNNN:: prefix="64"/&gt;
> +  &lt;/ip&gt;
> +&lt;/network&gt;</pre>
> +
> +    <p>IPv6 NAT addressing has some caveats over the more straight
> +    forward IPv4 case.
> +    <a href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4193";>RFC 4193</a>
> +    defines the address range <tt>fd00::/8</tt> for <tt>/48</tt> IPv6
> +    private networks.  It should be concatenated with a random 40-bit
> +    string (i.e. 10 random hexadecimal digits replacing the <tt>X</tt>
> +    values above, RFC 4193 provides
> +    an <a href="https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4193#section-3.2.2";>algorithm</a>
> +    if you do not have a source of sufficient randomness).  This
> +    leaves <tt>0</tt> through <tt>ffff</tt> for subnets (<tt>N</tt>
> +    above) which you can use at will.</p>
> +
> +    <p>Many operating systems will not consider these addresses as
> +    preferential to IPv4, due to some practial history of these
> +    addresses being present but unroutable and causing networking
> +    issues.  On many Linux distributions, you may need to
> +    override <tt>/etc/gai.conf</tt> with values
> +    from <a href="https://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3484.txt";>RFC 3484</a>
> +    to have your IPv6 NAT network correctly preferenced over IPv4.</p>
> +
>      <h3><a id="examplesRoute">Routed network config</a></h3>
>  
>      <p>
> -- 
> 2.26.2
> 


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