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[PATCH 3/4] audit: dynamically allocate audit_names when not enough space is in the names array



This patch does 2 things.  First it reduces the number of audit_names
allocated in every audit context from 20 to 5.  5 should be enough for all
'normal' syscalls (rename being the worst).  Some syscalls can still touch
more the 5 inodes such as mount.  When rpc filesystem is mounted it will
create inodes and those can exceed 5.  To handle that problem this patch will
dynamically allocate audit_names if it needs more than 5.  This should
decrease the typicall memory usage while still supporting all the possible
kernel operations.

Signed-off-by: Eric Paris <eparis redhat com>
---

 kernel/auditsc.c |  402 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------------
 1 files changed, 215 insertions(+), 187 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/auditsc.c b/kernel/auditsc.c
index cda4011..15c4b3a 100644
--- a/kernel/auditsc.c
+++ b/kernel/auditsc.c
@@ -71,8 +71,9 @@
 #include "audit.h"
 
 /* AUDIT_NAMES is the number of slots we reserve in the audit_context
- * for saving names from getname(). */
-#define AUDIT_NAMES    20
+ * for saving names from getname().  If we get more names we will allocate
+ * a name dynamically and also add those to the list anchored by names_list. */
+#define AUDIT_NAMES	5
 
 /* Indicates that audit should log the full pathname. */
 #define AUDIT_NAME_FULL -1
@@ -101,9 +102,8 @@ struct audit_cap_data {
  *
  * Further, in fs/namei.c:path_lookup() we store the inode and device. */
 struct audit_names {
+	struct list_head list;		/* audit_context->names_list */
 	const char	*name;
-	int		name_len;	/* number of name's characters to log */
-	unsigned	name_put;	/* call __putname() for this name */
 	unsigned long	ino;
 	dev_t		dev;
 	umode_t		mode;
@@ -113,6 +113,14 @@ struct audit_names {
 	u32		osid;
 	struct audit_cap_data fcap;
 	unsigned int	fcap_ver;
+	int		name_len;	/* number of name's characters to log */
+	bool		name_put;	/* call __putname() for this name */
+	/*
+	 * This was an allocated audit_names and not from the array of
+	 * names allocated in the task audit context.  Thus this name
+	 * should be freed on syscall exit
+	 */
+	bool		should_free;
 };
 
 struct audit_aux_data {
@@ -174,8 +182,17 @@ struct audit_context {
 	long		    return_code;/* syscall return code */
 	u64		    prio;
 	int		    return_valid; /* return code is valid */
-	int		    name_count;
-	struct audit_names  names[AUDIT_NAMES];
+	/*
+	 * The names_list is the list of all audit_names collected during this
+	 * syscall.  The first AUDIT_NAMES entries in the names_list will
+	 * actually be from the preallocated_names array for performance
+	 * reasons.  Except during allocation they should never be referenced
+	 * through the preallocated_names array and should only be found/used
+	 * by running the names_list.
+	 */
+	struct audit_names  preallocated_names[AUDIT_NAMES];
+	int		    name_count; /* total records in names_list */
+	struct list_head    names_list;	/* anchor for struct audit_names->list */
 	char *		    filterkey;	/* key for rule that triggered record */
 	struct path	    pwd;
 	struct audit_context *previous; /* For nested syscalls */
@@ -303,17 +320,18 @@ static int audit_match_perm(struct audit_context *ctx, int mask)
 
 static int audit_match_filetype(struct audit_context *ctx, int val)
 {
-	int index;
+	struct audit_names *n;
 	mode_t mode = (mode_t)val;
 
 	if (unlikely(!ctx))
 		return 0;
 
-	for (index = 0; index < ctx->name_count; index++) {
-		if ((ctx->names[index].ino != -1) &&
-		    ((ctx->names[index].mode & S_IFMT) == mode))
+	list_for_each_entry(n, &ctx->names_list, list) {
+		if ((n->ino != -1) &&
+		    ((n->mode & S_IFMT) == mode))
 			return 1;
 	}
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -446,11 +464,12 @@ static int audit_filter_rules(struct task_struct *tsk,
 			      enum audit_state *state)
 {
 	const struct cred *cred = get_task_cred(tsk);
-	int i, j, need_sid = 1;
+	int i, need_sid = 1;
 	u32 sid;
 
 	for (i = 0; i < rule->field_count; i++) {
 		struct audit_field *f = &rule->fields[i];
+		struct audit_names *n;
 		int result = 0;
 
 		switch (f->type) {
@@ -513,8 +532,8 @@ static int audit_filter_rules(struct task_struct *tsk,
 				result = audit_comparator(MAJOR(name->dev),
 							  f->op, f->val);
 			else if (ctx) {
-				for (j = 0; j < ctx->name_count; j++) {
-					if (audit_comparator(MAJOR(ctx->names[j].dev),	f->op, f->val)) {
+				list_for_each_entry(n, &ctx->names_list, list) {
+					if (audit_comparator(MAJOR(n->dev), f->op, f->val)) {
 						++result;
 						break;
 					}
@@ -526,8 +545,8 @@ static int audit_filter_rules(struct task_struct *tsk,
 				result = audit_comparator(MINOR(name->dev),
 							  f->op, f->val);
 			else if (ctx) {
-				for (j = 0; j < ctx->name_count; j++) {
-					if (audit_comparator(MINOR(ctx->names[j].dev), f->op, f->val)) {
+				list_for_each_entry(n, &ctx->names_list, list) {
+					if (audit_comparator(MINOR(n->dev), f->op, f->val)) {
 						++result;
 						break;
 					}
@@ -538,8 +557,8 @@ static int audit_filter_rules(struct task_struct *tsk,
 			if (name)
 				result = (name->ino == f->val);
 			else if (ctx) {
-				for (j = 0; j < ctx->name_count; j++) {
-					if (audit_comparator(ctx->names[j].ino, f->op, f->val)) {
+				list_for_each_entry(n, &ctx->names_list, list) {
+					if (audit_comparator(n->ino, f->op, f->val)) {
 						++result;
 						break;
 					}
@@ -594,11 +613,10 @@ static int audit_filter_rules(struct task_struct *tsk,
 					           name->osid, f->type, f->op,
 					           f->lsm_rule, ctx);
 				} else if (ctx) {
-					for (j = 0; j < ctx->name_count; j++) {
-						if (security_audit_rule_match(
-						      ctx->names[j].osid,
-						      f->type, f->op,
-						      f->lsm_rule, ctx)) {
+					list_for_each_entry(n, &ctx->names_list, list) {
+						if (security_audit_rule_match(n->osid, f->type,
+									      f->op, f->lsm_rule,
+									      ctx)) {
 							++result;
 							break;
 						}
@@ -711,39 +729,53 @@ static enum audit_state audit_filter_syscall(struct task_struct *tsk,
 	return AUDIT_BUILD_CONTEXT;
 }
 
-/* At syscall exit time, this filter is called if any audit_names[] have been
+/*
+ * Given an audit_name check the inode hash table to see if they match.
+ * Called holding the rcu read lock to protect the use of audit_inode_hash
+ */
+static int audit_filter_inode_name(struct task_struct *tsk,
+				   struct audit_names *n,
+				   struct audit_context *ctx) {
+	int word, bit;
+	int h = audit_hash_ino((u32)n->ino);
+	struct list_head *list = &audit_inode_hash[h];
+	struct audit_entry *e;
+	enum audit_state state;
+
+	word = AUDIT_WORD(ctx->major);
+	bit  = AUDIT_BIT(ctx->major);
+
+	if (list_empty(list))
+		return 0;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_rcu(e, list, list) {
+		if ((e->rule.mask[word] & bit) == bit &&
+		    audit_filter_rules(tsk, &e->rule, ctx, n, &state)) {
+			ctx->current_state = state;
+			return 1;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* At syscall exit time, this filter is called if any audit_names have been
  * collected during syscall processing.  We only check rules in sublists at hash
- * buckets applicable to the inode numbers in audit_names[].
+ * buckets applicable to the inode numbers in audit_names.
  * Regarding audit_state, same rules apply as for audit_filter_syscall().
  */
 void audit_filter_inodes(struct task_struct *tsk, struct audit_context *ctx)
 {
-	int i;
-	struct audit_entry *e;
-	enum audit_state state;
+	struct audit_names *n;
 
 	if (audit_pid && tsk->tgid == audit_pid)
 		return;
 
 	rcu_read_lock();
-	for (i = 0; i < ctx->name_count; i++) {
-		int word = AUDIT_WORD(ctx->major);
-		int bit  = AUDIT_BIT(ctx->major);
-		struct audit_names *n = &ctx->names[i];
-		int h = audit_hash_ino((u32)n->ino);
-		struct list_head *list = &audit_inode_hash[h];
 
-		if (list_empty(list))
-			continue;
-
-		list_for_each_entry_rcu(e, list, list) {
-			if ((e->rule.mask[word] & bit) == bit &&
-			    audit_filter_rules(tsk, &e->rule, ctx, n, &state)) {
-				rcu_read_unlock();
-				ctx->current_state = state;
-				return;
-			}
-		}
+	list_for_each_entry(n, &ctx->names_list, list) {
+		if (audit_filter_inode_name(tsk, n, ctx))
+			break;
 	}
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 }
@@ -787,7 +819,7 @@ static inline struct audit_context *audit_get_context(struct task_struct *tsk,
 
 static inline void audit_free_names(struct audit_context *context)
 {
-	int i;
+	struct audit_names *n, *next;
 
 #if AUDIT_DEBUG == 2
 	if (context->put_count + context->ino_count != context->name_count) {
@@ -798,10 +830,9 @@ static inline void audit_free_names(struct audit_context *context)
 		       context->serial, context->major, context->in_syscall,
 		       context->name_count, context->put_count,
 		       context->ino_count);
-		for (i = 0; i < context->name_count; i++) {
+		list_for_each_entry(n, &context->names_list, list) {
 			printk(KERN_ERR "names[%d] = %p = %s\n", i,
-			       context->names[i].name,
-			       context->names[i].name ?: "(null)");
+			       n->name, n->name ?: "(null)");
 		}
 		dump_stack();
 		return;
@@ -812,9 +843,12 @@ static inline void audit_free_names(struct audit_context *context)
 	context->ino_count  = 0;
 #endif
 
-	for (i = 0; i < context->name_count; i++) {
-		if (context->names[i].name && context->names[i].name_put)
-			__putname(context->names[i].name);
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(n, next, &context->names_list, list) {
+		list_del(&n->list);
+		if (n->name && n->name_put)
+			__putname(n->name);
+		if (n->should_free)
+			kfree(n);
 	}
 	context->name_count = 0;
 	path_put(&context->pwd);
@@ -852,6 +886,7 @@ static inline struct audit_context *audit_alloc_context(enum audit_state state)
 		return NULL;
 	audit_zero_context(context, state);
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&context->killed_trees);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&context->names_list);
 	return context;
 }
 
@@ -1308,6 +1343,68 @@ static void show_special(struct audit_context *context, int *call_panic)
 	audit_log_end(ab);
 }
 
+static void audit_log_name(struct audit_context *context, struct audit_names *n,
+			   int record_num, int *call_panic)
+{
+	struct audit_buffer *ab;
+	ab = audit_log_start(context, GFP_KERNEL, AUDIT_PATH);
+	if (!ab)
+		return; /* audit_panic has been called */
+
+	audit_log_format(ab, "item=%d", record_num);
+
+	if (n->name) {
+		switch (n->name_len) {
+		case AUDIT_NAME_FULL:
+			/* log the full path */
+			audit_log_format(ab, " name=");
+			audit_log_untrustedstring(ab, n->name);
+			break;
+		case 0:
+			/* name was specified as a relative path and the
+			 * directory component is the cwd */
+			audit_log_d_path(ab, "name=", &context->pwd);
+			break;
+		default:
+			/* log the name's directory component */
+			audit_log_format(ab, " name=");
+			audit_log_n_untrustedstring(ab, n->name,
+						    n->name_len);
+		}
+	} else
+		audit_log_format(ab, " name=(null)");
+
+	if (n->ino != (unsigned long)-1) {
+		audit_log_format(ab, " inode=%lu"
+				 " dev=%02x:%02x mode=%#o"
+				 " ouid=%u ogid=%u rdev=%02x:%02x",
+				 n->ino,
+				 MAJOR(n->dev),
+				 MINOR(n->dev),
+				 n->mode,
+				 n->uid,
+				 n->gid,
+				 MAJOR(n->rdev),
+				 MINOR(n->rdev));
+	}
+	if (n->osid != 0) {
+		char *ctx = NULL;
+		u32 len;
+		if (security_secid_to_secctx(
+			n->osid, &ctx, &len)) {
+			audit_log_format(ab, " osid=%u", n->osid);
+			*call_panic = 2;
+		} else {
+			audit_log_format(ab, " obj=%s", ctx);
+			security_release_secctx(ctx, len);
+		}
+	}
+
+	audit_log_fcaps(ab, n);
+
+	audit_log_end(ab);
+}
+
 static void audit_log_exit(struct audit_context *context, struct task_struct *tsk)
 {
 	const struct cred *cred;
@@ -1315,6 +1412,7 @@ static void audit_log_exit(struct audit_context *context, struct task_struct *ts
 	struct audit_buffer *ab;
 	struct audit_aux_data *aux;
 	const char *tty;
+	struct audit_names *n;
 
 	/* tsk == current */
 	context->pid = tsk->pid;
@@ -1454,66 +1552,10 @@ static void audit_log_exit(struct audit_context *context, struct task_struct *ts
 			audit_log_end(ab);
 		}
 	}
-	for (i = 0; i < context->name_count; i++) {
-		struct audit_names *n = &context->names[i];
-
-		ab = audit_log_start(context, GFP_KERNEL, AUDIT_PATH);
-		if (!ab)
-			continue; /* audit_panic has been called */
 
-		audit_log_format(ab, "item=%d", i);
-
-		if (n->name) {
-			switch(n->name_len) {
-			case AUDIT_NAME_FULL:
-				/* log the full path */
-				audit_log_format(ab, " name=");
-				audit_log_untrustedstring(ab, n->name);
-				break;
-			case 0:
-				/* name was specified as a relative path and the
-				 * directory component is the cwd */
-				audit_log_d_path(ab, "name=", &context->pwd);
-				break;
-			default:
-				/* log the name's directory component */
-				audit_log_format(ab, " name=");
-				audit_log_n_untrustedstring(ab, n->name,
-							    n->name_len);
-			}
-		} else
-			audit_log_format(ab, " name=(null)");
-
-		if (n->ino != (unsigned long)-1) {
-			audit_log_format(ab, " inode=%lu"
-					 " dev=%02x:%02x mode=%#o"
-					 " ouid=%u ogid=%u rdev=%02x:%02x",
-					 n->ino,
-					 MAJOR(n->dev),
-					 MINOR(n->dev),
-					 n->mode,
-					 n->uid,
-					 n->gid,
-					 MAJOR(n->rdev),
-					 MINOR(n->rdev));
-		}
-		if (n->osid != 0) {
-			char *ctx = NULL;
-			u32 len;
-			if (security_secid_to_secctx(
-				n->osid, &ctx, &len)) {
-				audit_log_format(ab, " osid=%u", n->osid);
-				call_panic = 2;
-			} else {
-				audit_log_format(ab, " obj=%s", ctx);
-				security_release_secctx(ctx, len);
-			}
-		}
-
-		audit_log_fcaps(ab, n);
-
-		audit_log_end(ab);
-	}
+	i = 0;
+	list_for_each_entry(n, &context->names_list, list)
+		audit_log_name(context, n, i++, &call_panic);
 
 	/* Send end of event record to help user space know we are finished */
 	ab = audit_log_start(context, GFP_KERNEL, AUDIT_EOE);
@@ -1805,6 +1847,30 @@ retry:
 #endif
 }
 
+static struct audit_names *audit_alloc_name(struct audit_context *context)
+{
+	struct audit_names *aname;
+
+	if (context->name_count < AUDIT_NAMES) {
+		aname = &context->preallocated_names[context->name_count];
+		memset(aname, 0, sizeof(*aname));
+	} else {
+		aname = kzalloc(sizeof(*aname), GFP_NOFS);
+		if (!aname)
+			return NULL;
+		aname->should_free = true;
+	}
+
+	aname->ino = (unsigned long)-1;
+	list_add_tail(&aname->list, &context->names_list);
+
+	context->name_count++;
+#if AUDIT_DEBUG
+	context->ino_count++;
+#endif
+	return aname;
+}
+
 /**
  * audit_getname - add a name to the list
  * @name: name to add
@@ -1815,6 +1881,7 @@ retry:
 void __audit_getname(const char *name)
 {
 	struct audit_context *context = current->audit_context;
+	struct audit_names *n;
 
 	if (IS_ERR(name) || !name)
 		return;
@@ -1827,13 +1894,15 @@ void __audit_getname(const char *name)
 #endif
 		return;
 	}
-	BUG_ON(context->name_count >= AUDIT_NAMES);
-	context->names[context->name_count].name = name;
-	context->names[context->name_count].name_len = AUDIT_NAME_FULL;
-	context->names[context->name_count].name_put = 1;
-	context->names[context->name_count].ino  = (unsigned long)-1;
-	context->names[context->name_count].osid = 0;
-	++context->name_count;
+
+	n = audit_alloc_name(context);
+	if (!n)
+		return;
+
+	n->name = name;
+	n->name_len = AUDIT_NAME_FULL;
+	n->name_put = true;
+
 	if (!context->pwd.dentry) {
 		read_lock(&current->fs->lock);
 		context->pwd = current->fs->pwd;
@@ -1860,12 +1929,13 @@ void audit_putname(const char *name)
 		printk(KERN_ERR "%s:%d(:%d): __putname(%p)\n",
 		       __FILE__, __LINE__, context->serial, name);
 		if (context->name_count) {
+			struct audit_names *n;
 			int i;
-			for (i = 0; i < context->name_count; i++)
+
+			list_for_each_entry(n, &context->names_list, list)
 				printk(KERN_ERR "name[%d] = %p = %s\n", i,
-				       context->names[i].name,
-				       context->names[i].name ?: "(null)");
-		}
+				       n->name, n->name ?: "(null)");
+			}
 #endif
 		__putname(name);
 	}
@@ -1886,39 +1956,11 @@ void audit_putname(const char *name)
 #endif
 }
 
-static int audit_inc_name_count(struct audit_context *context,
-				const struct inode *inode)
-{
-	if (context->name_count >= AUDIT_NAMES) {
-		if (inode)
-			printk(KERN_DEBUG "audit: name_count maxed, losing inode data: "
-			       "dev=%02x:%02x, inode=%lu\n",
-			       MAJOR(inode->i_sb->s_dev),
-			       MINOR(inode->i_sb->s_dev),
-			       inode->i_ino);
-
-		else
-			printk(KERN_DEBUG "name_count maxed, losing inode data\n");
-		return 1;
-	}
-	context->name_count++;
-#if AUDIT_DEBUG
-	context->ino_count++;
-#endif
-	return 0;
-}
-
-
 static inline int audit_copy_fcaps(struct audit_names *name, const struct dentry *dentry)
 {
 	struct cpu_vfs_cap_data caps;
 	int rc;
 
-	memset(&name->fcap.permitted, 0, sizeof(kernel_cap_t));
-	memset(&name->fcap.inheritable, 0, sizeof(kernel_cap_t));
-	name->fcap.fE = 0;
-	name->fcap_ver = 0;
-
 	if (!dentry)
 		return 0;
 
@@ -1958,30 +2000,25 @@ static void audit_copy_inode(struct audit_names *name, const struct dentry *dent
  */
 void __audit_inode(const char *name, const struct dentry *dentry)
 {
-	int idx;
 	struct audit_context *context = current->audit_context;
 	const struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
+	struct audit_names *n;
 
 	if (!context->in_syscall)
 		return;
-	if (context->name_count
-	    && context->names[context->name_count-1].name
-	    && context->names[context->name_count-1].name == name)
-		idx = context->name_count - 1;
-	else if (context->name_count > 1
-		 && context->names[context->name_count-2].name
-		 && context->names[context->name_count-2].name == name)
-		idx = context->name_count - 2;
-	else {
-		/* FIXME: how much do we care about inodes that have no
-		 * associated name? */
-		if (audit_inc_name_count(context, inode))
-			return;
-		idx = context->name_count - 1;
-		context->names[idx].name = NULL;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_reverse(n, &context->names_list, list) {
+		if (n->name && (n->name == name))
+			goto out;
 	}
+
+	/* unable to find the name from a previous getname() */
+	n = audit_alloc_name(context);
+	if (!n)
+		return;
+out:
 	handle_path(dentry);
-	audit_copy_inode(&context->names[idx], dentry, inode);
+	audit_copy_inode(n, dentry, inode);
 }
 
 /**
@@ -2000,11 +2037,11 @@ void __audit_inode(const char *name, const struct dentry *dentry)
 void __audit_inode_child(const struct dentry *dentry,
 			 const struct inode *parent)
 {
-	int idx;
 	struct audit_context *context = current->audit_context;
 	const char *found_parent = NULL, *found_child = NULL;
 	const struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
 	const char *dname = dentry->d_name.name;
+	struct audit_names *n;
 	int dirlen = 0;
 
 	if (!context->in_syscall)
@@ -2014,9 +2051,7 @@ void __audit_inode_child(const struct dentry *dentry,
 		handle_one(inode);
 
 	/* parent is more likely, look for it first */
-	for (idx = 0; idx < context->name_count; idx++) {
-		struct audit_names *n = &context->names[idx];
-
+	list_for_each_entry(n, &context->names_list, list) {
 		if (!n->name)
 			continue;
 
@@ -2029,9 +2064,7 @@ void __audit_inode_child(const struct dentry *dentry,
 	}
 
 	/* no matching parent, look for matching child */
-	for (idx = 0; idx < context->name_count; idx++) {
-		struct audit_names *n = &context->names[idx];
-
+	list_for_each_entry(n, &context->names_list, list) {
 		if (!n->name)
 			continue;
 
@@ -2049,34 +2082,29 @@ void __audit_inode_child(const struct dentry *dentry,
 
 add_names:
 	if (!found_parent) {
-		if (audit_inc_name_count(context, parent))
+		n = audit_alloc_name(context);
+		if (!n)
 			return;
-		idx = context->name_count - 1;
-		context->names[idx].name = NULL;
-		audit_copy_inode(&context->names[idx], NULL, parent);
+		audit_copy_inode(n, NULL, parent);
 	}
 
 	if (!found_child) {
-		if (audit_inc_name_count(context, inode))
+		n = audit_alloc_name(context);
+		if (!n)
 			return;
-		idx = context->name_count - 1;
 
 		/* Re-use the name belonging to the slot for a matching parent
 		 * directory. All names for this context are relinquished in
 		 * audit_free_names() */
 		if (found_parent) {
-			context->names[idx].name = found_parent;
-			context->names[idx].name_len = AUDIT_NAME_FULL;
+			n->name = found_parent;
+			n->name_len = AUDIT_NAME_FULL;
 			/* don't call __putname() */
-			context->names[idx].name_put = 0;
-		} else {
-			context->names[idx].name = NULL;
+			n->name_put = false;
 		}
 
 		if (inode)
-			audit_copy_inode(&context->names[idx], NULL, inode);
-		else
-			context->names[idx].ino = (unsigned long)-1;
+			audit_copy_inode(n, NULL, inode);
 	}
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__audit_inode_child);


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