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Re: [Linux-cluster] Cron Jobs



Hi

I think it is relatively easy to make cronjobs "cluster safe" . For
shell scripts I do it the following way (the job should run on the same
node the service mysqld is running):

# Who am I?
THIS_NODE=$(/usr/sbin/clustat | grep Local | awk '{print $1}')

# On which node is the service running the cronjob depends?
RUN_NODE=$(/usr/sbin/clustat | grep mysqld | awk '{print $2}')

if [ $THIS_NODE != $RUN_NODE ]
   then
   echo "ERROR! Wrong cluster node."
   echo "This shall run from the same node where mysql is running."
   exit 1
fi

This works fine for me for a lot of cronjobs.

Martin Fürstenau

Senior System Engineer • Océ Printing Systems GmbH





On Tue, 2010-03-30 at 23:48 +0000, Jankowski, Chris wrote:
> Hi,
> 
> 1.
> >>>yeah, my first inkling was to symlink /etc/cron.daily but that breaks so much existing functionality.
> 
> I was actually thinking about /var/spool/cron/crontabs directory.  You can put your cron definitions there in the old UNIX style. It works perfectly well and is more general and flexible then the /etc/cron.* files, I believe.
> 
> 2.
> >>>I followed you until you spoke of remote nodes? What exactly do you have in mind?
> 
> I implemented that approach in my old failover scripts for Digital/Compaq/HP TruCluster. Attached is a README file for this functionality. This will give you the concepts, although there are bits there that are TruCluster specific like CDSLs. If you are interested I am happy to share the scripts from which you can extract the relevant code and modify it for your needs.
> 
> Regards,
> 
> Chris
> 
> --------------
> 
> #
> #
> #	Crontab file management.
> #	------------------------
> #
> #	There is a need for having a schedule of commands for cron
> #	that is active on a node only when the service is running
> #	on this node.
> #	In other words, certain commands must be scheduled only
> #	when the service is running and only on the node on which
> #	the service is running.
> #
> #	One way to implement it would be to modify every such command
> #	to check for the presence of the service on the node on which
> #	the command is run. This will be quite cumbersome if there
> #	is large number of such commands.
> #
> #	Another way to achieve execution of commands dependent
> #	on presence of a service would be by writing a jacket script
> #	taking as arguments the name of service in question and the
> #	pathname of the script to be executed and its arguments.
> #
> #	The implementation here takes advantage of the fact that service
> #	specific cron processing is commonly done by a certain user or users
> #	and that crontab(1) maintains a separate configuration file for each
> #	user. Thus, it is relatively easy to manipulate the crontab file 
> #	of such a user.
> #
> #	A directory is chosen eg. /usr/local/crontabs.
> #
> #	This directory contains templates of crontab files for users that
> #	are associated with certain services in a sense that the cron jobs
> #	for such a user are to be run only on the node on which this service
> #	is running.
> #
> #	The script starting the service will install the template as the
> #	crontab file for such a user on startup of the service.
> #
> #	The template of the crontab file should be named by the username
> #	with the extension service_on.
> #
> #	Eg. for a user "fred" and chosen extension ".service_on" the template
> #	should be named:
> #
> #	fred.service_on
> #
> #	Typically, by convention, the name of the CAA application resource
> #	will be used as the "service" string in the extension.
> #
> #	The contents of the template will be active on the member running
> #	the service for the lifetime of the service.
> #
> #	On a graceful shutdown of the service the script will install
> #	another template of the crontab file for the user.
> #
> #	This template of the crontab file should be named by the username
> #	with a predefined extension.
> #
> #	Eg. for a user "fred" and chosen extension ".service_off" the template
> #	should be named:
> #
> #	fred.service_off
> #
> #	Typically, by convention, the name of the CAA application resource
> #	will be used as the "service" string in the extension.
> #
> #	The contents of the template will be active on every member not running
> #	the service at the time. 
> #
> #	This template specifies	periodically scheduled processing for a user
> #	on members that do not run the service at the time. 
> #	The file may of course contain no commands, but it should exist.
> #
> #	Of course both of those templates should be in the standard crontab(1)
> #	format.
> #
> #	Notes and assumptions:
> #
> #	1.
> #	Please note that the above mechanism of crontab file management 
> #	assumes that a user is associated with only one service.
> #	More state would need to be kept if a user would need different
> #	processing depending on whether 0, 1, 2 or more services were 
> #	running on a node.
> #
> #	2.
> #	Please note that /var/spool/cron is a CDSL in the TCS cluster and thus
> #	all crontab files in /var/spool/cron/crontabs are node specific.
> #
> #	3.
> #	If a node dies suddenly and then reboots, then it will reboot
> #	with a set of crontabs that may not reflect the current state
> #	of services on the node after reboot.
> #	In fact the node will have all the crontabs from the moment it
> #	crashed augmented by changes caused by any sevices restarted
> #	on it after its reboot.
> #
> #	What is really needed is another script - run on boot from
> #	/sbin/rc2.d directory that will install correct initial, inactive
> #	(*.service_off) versions of the crontabs on boot.
> #
> #	4. 
> #	The crontab templates must be readable by the user for whom
> #	they are to be installed.
> 
> 
> 
> -----Original Message-----
> From: linux-cluster-bounces redhat com [mailto:linux-cluster-bounces redhat com] On Behalf Of Joseph L. Casale
> Sent: Wednesday, 31 March 2010 09:42
> To: 'linux clustering'
> Subject: Re: [Linux-cluster] Cron Jobs
> 
> >1.
> >What about replacing the directory containing the cron job descriptions in /var with a symbolic link to a directory on the sahred filesystem.
> 
> yeah, my first inkling was to symlink /etc/cron.daily but that breaks so much existing functionality.
> 
> >2.
> >You application service start/stop script may modify the cron job description files.  This is more complex, as it has to deal with remote nodes that may be >down.
> 
> I followed you until you spoke of remote nodes? What exactly do you have in mind?
> Thanks!
> jlc
> 
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