[Date Prev][Date Next]   [Thread Prev][Thread Next]   [Thread Index] [Date Index] [Author Index]

Re: [linux-lvm] any way to locate vg's on, say, /etc?

On Tuesday 09 January 2001 17:28, you wrote:
> > Why is it impossible for make LVM configuration something that gets
> > started automatically at boot when it's possible to make RAID start at
> > boot?
> see above:  if you store enough data to vgimport the
> volumes at boot time (however it is done) then you
> don't need to store the volume group inodes in any
> persistent storage.
> catch is that storing all of the data used to recover the
> media on the media to be recovered makes recovery more
> difficult when the media fries [not if].

For serious systems hard disk failure modes should be considered as discrete 
events.  A hard drive is either working perfectly (all data written is read 
back correctly) or it is failed (it has returned an error so we put it 
offline and replace it with a hot spare or send an emergency alert to the 
All data should be mirrored.  Hard drives are cheap.  I recently bought 
myself two 46G hard drives for less than I once paid for a single 70M drive, 
and less than I later paid for a 330M drive.
My "gut feeling" is that drives are more susceptible to damage now.  I know 
of cases of older 3600rpm drives being dropped, being hit by a car while 
operating (car entered building through the wall of the computer room), and 
suffering numerous other mechanically damaging events without data loss.  I 
belive that modern 10K rpm drives are not as solid.
Also drives are more susceptible to heat problems.  3600rpm drives could 
operate with all their air-holes blocked and while surrounded by other hard 
drives without problems.  You can't stack two new 10K rpm drives without good 

If things are correctly setup then you can lose a single drive at any time 
without data loss.  If LVM on-disk data structures can be recovered with a 
drive dead (which is the case if LVM is running on top of RAID 1) then there 
shouldn't be a problem.

IMHO if you run LVM across multiple disks without RAID-1 backing then you 
probably don't care much for your data.  Probability of no-failure of the 
system is obtained by multiplying the probability of no-failure of each part.

So if during a time period there is a 10% chance that a hard drive will fail 
then the probability of no-failure is 0.9.  Therefore the probability of two 
drives in an LVM set not failing is 0.81 over the same time period.

> > One thing that I plan to do is create LVM, devfs, and RAID rescue disks
> > for Debian.  So far I have not had time.  :(
> if your software RAID gets blown you're in pretty deep
> water.  HP's trick of forcing the boot, primbary swap

RAID rescue disks does not inherantly mean rescue from RAID problems.  It 
also means that if (for example) you have a non-autodetect RAID setup and you 
want to fix config files on that file system that prevent booting (eg a 
corrupted /etc/fstab) then you can do it.  Also you need RAID enabled rescue 
disks to install onto RAID in the first place, or to make a non-RAID root 
file partition into a RAID partition.

> and root voumes to be on contiguous storage from cyl0
> makes recovering LVM a snap:  just boot without it,

If I did that then I'd only have one other file system left on most of my 
machines and thus would not be able to achieve much benefit from LVM!

> q:  what is there to recover from a damaged devfs?  i
> though the entire file system was virtual (a la /proc).

Correct, Devfs can't get damaged in any way that a reboot won't fix
(rm -rf /dev/* will be hard to fix without a reboot).

But if you use devfs for /etc/fstab, /etc/lilo.conf, etc then using rescue 
disks that don't support devfs will be painful for you.  Also once you start 
using devfs everywhere you get used to the device names and don't want to 
stop using them (having to remember two names for everything is painful).

http://www.coker.com.au/bonnie++/     Bonnie++ hard drive benchmark
http://www.coker.com.au/postal/       Postal SMTP/POP benchmark
http://www.coker.com.au/projects.html Projects I am working on
http://www.coker.com.au/~russell/     My home page

[Date Prev][Date Next]   [Thread Prev][Thread Next]   [Thread Index] [Date Index] [Author Index]