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Re: [linux-lvm] Performance of striping



On Sat, May 17, 2008 at 11:11:51AM +0200, Hans-Joachim Baader wrote:
> Hi,
> 
> last year I built a server with 3 SATA disks. I used a physical volume
> for each disk, a volume group on each, and then created identical LVs
> in each VG. Then I used dmesetup to create a RAID 0 over all 3 disks.
> A single disk has an I/O performance of 70 MB/s. After creating a
> filesystem on the RAID and measuring its performance I got the expected
> result: 210 MB/s.

Strange config, good result ;)

> 
> But this setup was too complicated for me, so I tried a different
> approach. Still a physical volume for each disk (actually partiton 2
> which is nearly the complete disk), but only one volume group vg0.
> The commands used were:
> 
> pvcreate /dev/sda2
> pvcreate /dev/sdb2
> pvcreate /dev/sdc2
> vgcreate vg0 -s 128 /dev/sda2 /dev/sdb2 /dev/sdc2
> 
> On vg0, I created a LV which should span all 3 disks and therefore be
> equivalent to a RAID 0:
> 
> lvcreate --name=test -L 10000M -i 3 vg0
> 
> Resulting LV:
> 
>   --- Logical volume ---                                                          LV Name                /dev/vg0/ubuntu                                          VG Name                vg0
>   LV Write Access        read/write
>   LV Status              available
>   # open                 1
>   LV Size                10,12 GB
>   Current LE             81
>   Segments               1
>   Allocation             inherit
>   Read ahead sectors     0
>   Block device           254:10
> 
> However, I get only half the expected performance. I created an XFS
> filesystem and mounted it on /mnt/tmp:
> 
> # dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/tmp/bla bs=1024k count=10000
> 10485760000 Bytes (10 GB) kopiert, 112,233 Sekunden, 93,4 MB/s
> # dd if=/mnt/tmp/bla of=/dev/null bs=1024k count=10000
> 10485760000 Bytes (10 GB) kopiert, 88,8886 Sekunden, 118 MB/s
> 
> This was measured with kernel 2.6.23.12 and 2.6.25.1 on AMD64 X2.
> Is it possible to get 210 MB/s?

Have you tried fiddling with read ahead ?
"blockdev --setra ..." on the striped LV.

> 
> Thanks,
> hjb
> -- 
> Pro-Linux - Germany's largest volunteer Linux support site
> http://www.pro-linux.de/          Public Key ID 0x3DDBDDEA



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> read the LVM HOW-TO at http://tldp.org/HOWTO/LVM-HOWTO/

-- 

Regards,
Heinz    -- The LVM Guy --

*** Software bugs are stupid.
    Nevertheless it needs not so stupid people to solve them ***

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Heinz Mauelshagen                                 Red Hat GmbH
Consulting Development Engineer                   Am Sonnenhang 11
Storage Development                               56242 Marienrachdorf
                                                  Germany
Mauelshagen RedHat com                            PHONE +49  171 7803392
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