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Re: [linux-lvm] copy lv from lv?



Dne 5.4.2011 18:25, Ray Morris napsal(a):
>> Isn't this already done in a better way by 'dd' using 'zero' copy
>> mechanism ?? (assuming it is already using either  'mmap()' ->
>> 'write()' or 'splice()'  as your proposed piped copy is doing a lot
>> of pointless memory copies and cache trashing.
> 
> No, with directio there isn't "a lot of pointless memory copies 
> and cache trashing". There are in fact fewer mempoy copies than 
> there would be with a simple:
> dd if=thing of=thing
> 
> See:
> http://www.ukuug.org/events/linux2001/papers/html/AArcangeli-o_direct.html
> 

Seem like 10 years old paper for 2.4.6 kernel - so I do not think it still
applies to upstream 2.6.38 - thought I've not made any recent measuring myself.

> The proof of the pudding is in the eating, and in fact that 
> recipe is extremely fast, for this application (sequential 
> copy of GBs from one device to another). I spent a couple 
> of hours testing before spending hundreds of hours copying.
> My bottom line was speed, so I didn't even look at memory
> usage or CPU.  I would't mind using an extra 64 MB in order
> to get my copying done 30 hours faster.

The kernel should be able to use as much free memory as you have - and
when it's properly configured - disk flushing running in separate thread
should ensure maximal throughput.

If you are experiencing significant performance degradation with usage of
single  'dd'  with two different driver compared with 2 piped 'dd' - you
should probably make a report on lkml list - There is something broken if you
gain 'hours' like you said by piping 2 dd commands.

(I don't have fast enough arrays myself for such playing)

Zdenek


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