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Re: [linux-lvm] Testing TRIM with LVM



On Tue, Apr 12 2011 at 10:59am -0400,
DarkNovaNick gmail com <DarkNovaNick gmail com> wrote:

> I recently purchased a Crucial C300 SSD and set it up as my primary
> drive. I wanted to use LVM, and my reading indicates that LVM added
> support to pass-through TRIM commands with kernel 2.6.37. I'm
> running Ubuntu 10.10, but I installed the latest 11.04 kernel, so
> I'm running kernel 2.6.38-8. I added "discard" to fstab so my
> mountpoint looks like:
> 
> /dev/mapper/vg0-vol0 on / type ext4
> (rw,noatime,nodiratime,errors=remount-ro,discard,commit=0)

If the discards aren't working then ext4 will print a warning and stop
issuing them, see: http://git.kernel.org/linus/a30eec2a8650a77f7

So if you don't see "discard not supported, disabling" in your dmesg (or
/var/log/messages) then TRIM is likely working as expected.

> I found directions on various sites like:
> http://duopetalflower.blogspot.com/2010/11/enterprise-kernel-6-has-ssd-trim.html
> on how to confirm if TRIM is working. I ran (as root):
> 
> dd if=/dev/urandom of=tempfile count=100 bs=512k oflag=direct
> hdparm --fibmap tempfile
> (then took the first begin_LBA)
> hdparm --read-sector 191710208 /dev/sda
> 
> and it printed:
> 
> /dev/sda:
> reading sector 191710208: succeeded
> 3254 3a32 3834 313a 2b36 3030 303a 2030
> 4544 5542 2047 3728 3a29 5320 7661 6e69
> 2067 6e69 6564 2078 6f66 2072 7270 646f
> ............
> 
> Then I ran:
> rm tempfile
> sync
> hdparm --read-sector 191710208 /dev/sda
> 
> and it still returned:
> /dev/sda:
> reading sector 191710208: succeeded
> 3254 3a32 3834 313a 2b36 3030 303a 2030
> 4544 5542 2047 3728 3a29 5320 7661 6e69
> 2067 6e69 6564 2078 6f66 2072 7270 646f
> .............
> 
> If TRIM is working, the sector is supposed to contain all zeros.

That is only if the SSD implements TRIM so that it zeroes the discarded
blocks.  You can check if the device at least knows enough to report
discard_zeroes_data:

cat /sys/block/sda/queue/discard_zeroes_data

Also, even if the SSD does zero, it may take some time -- well after the
discard has completed -- for the SSD to actually zero the blocks (this
is true of some lesser quality SSDs).

> Am I doing something wrong or do I need to do something more to get
> LVM to pass down the TRIM command?

LVM (device mapper specifically) passes discards perfectly well.  But
the snapshot and dm-crypt targets don't have discard support.  All other
targets do have discard support.  What is your output for: dmsetup table

Mike


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