[Date Prev][Date Next]   [Thread Prev][Thread Next]   [Thread Index] [Date Index] [Author Index]

RE: Increasing number of allocated file handles



Have you set the limits for the user that’s running your app along with the
systems?

Ron

-----Original Message-----
From: redhat-sysadmin-list-bounces redhat com
[mailto:redhat-sysadmin-list-bounces redhat com] On Behalf Of Dominique
Demore
Sent: Wednesday, October 04, 2006 10:42 AM
To: redhat-sysadmin-list redhat com
Subject: Re: Increasing number of allocated file handles

We currently have out license as a processor based. I have placed a call
with Oracle about this issue.

I had placed all parameters in the sysctl.conf as part of the Oracle
configuration guide, but it still has not resolved
it..

Thanks.

-- Dominique

redhat-sysadmin-list redhat com writes:
>Dominique,
>
>I'm by far, no Oracle Guru, but I seem to remember there was a static
>number of handles within Oracle.  And it seems to me that we had to
>change our licensing.  But that is completely from memory.
>
>That was Oracle 9i running on a HP-UX 11 HP 9000 L Class Server
>
>Sincerely,
>Lee Higginbotham
>Senior IT Technical Analyst
>100 Bluegrass Commons Blvd., Suite 2200
>Hendersonville, TN  37075
>Ph:  615-265-2764
>Fax:  615-265-2847
>lee higginbotham pic com
>-----Original Message-----
>From: redhat-sysadmin-list-bounces redhat com
>[mailto:redhat-sysadmin-list-bounces redhat com] On Behalf Of Art
>Wildman
>Sent: Wednesday, October 04, 2006 1:32 PM
>To: redhat-sysadmin-list redhat com
>Subject: Re: Increasing number of allocated file handles
>
>Dominique Demore wrote:
>> Hi Everyone,
>>
>> On our Oracle Application server, we have noticed that we are running
>out of file handles. Once the number of used file
>> handles reaches 0, the application crashes/reset itself.
>> I have increased the number of file handles from 65536 to 104854, but
>I am still seeing the problem. Should the number
>> of allocated file handles be increase also, if so, where is the file
>to modify it.
>>
>> (*note: the second column will hit 0 everyday at ~9:00 when everyone
>is logging into the system.)
>> ------
>> [root server fs]# cat /proc/sys/fs/file-nr 
>> 39937   7405    104854
>> [root server fs]# 
>> -------
>>
>>
>> Any thoughts/suggestions,
>>
>>   
>
>Tuning and Optimizing RHEL for Oracle 9i and 10g Databases (Red Hat 
>Enterprise Linux, 4, 3, 2.1 - redhat, x86-64)
>http://www.puschitz.com/TuningLinuxForOracle.shtml#SettingFileHandles
>...The maximum number of file handles can be changed in the proc file 
>system without reboot:
>
># echo 65536 > /proc/sys/fs/file-max
>
>Alternatively, you can use sysctl(8) to change it:
>
># sysctl -w fs.file-max=65536
>
>To make the change permanent, add or change the following line in the 
>file /etc/sysctl.conf. This file is used during the boot process.
>
># echo "fs.file-max=65536" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
>
>-------------------
>
>Short Guide to install Oracle 10g on Gentoo Linux (2004.0)
>http://www.akadia.com/services/ora_linux_install_10g.html
>
>...Setting Shell Limits for the Oracle User
>   Most shells like Bash provide control over various resources like the
>
>maximum allowable number of open file descriptors or the maximum number 
>of processes available to a user.
>
>    To see all shell limits, run:
>
>    $ ulimit -a
>
>Setting Limits for the Maximum Number of Open File Descriptors for the 
>Oracle User
>
>    After you changed and increased /proc/sys/fs/file-max (see: Checking
>
>Kernel Parameters), there is still a per user limit of open file 
>descriptors which is set to 1024 by default:
>
>    $ su - oracle
>    $ ulimit -n
>    1024
>
>    To change this, you have to edit the file /etc/security/limits.conf 
>as root and make the following changes or add the following lines, 
>respectively:
>
>    # To increase the shell limits for Oracle 10.1.0
>    oracle soft nproc 2047
>    oracle hard nproc 16384
>    oracle soft nofile 1024
>    oracle hard nofile 65536
>
>    The <soft limit> in the first line defines the number of file 
>handles or open files that the Oracle user will have after login. If the
>
>Oracle user gets error messages about running out of file handles, then 
>the Oracle user can increase the number of file handles like in this 
>example up to 63536 (<hard limit>) by running the following command:
>
>    ulimit -n 63536
>
>    Note that we do not recommend to set the <hard limit> for nofile for
>
>the oracle user equal to /proc/sys/fs/file-max. If you do that and the 
>user uses up all the file handles, then the system would run out of file
>
>handles. This could mean that you won't be able to initiate new remote 
>logins any more since the system won't be able to open any PAM modules 
>which are required for performing a login. That's why we set the hard 
>limit to 63536 and not to 65536.
>
>    You also need to make sure that pam_limits is configured in the file
>
>/etc/pam.d/system-auth. This is the PAM module that will read the 
>/etc/security/limits.conf file. The entry should read like:
>
>    session required /lib/security/pam_limits.so
>    session required /lib/security/pam_unix.so
>
>    Now login to the oracle account again since the changes will become 
>effective for new login sessions only.
>-------------------
>
>File System Primer - Novell CoolSolutionsWiki
>http://wiki.novell.com/index.php/File_System_Primer
>
>
>EXT3
>
>    * Most popular Linux file system, limited scalability in size and
>      number of files
>    * Journaled
>    * POSIX extended access control
>
>EXT3 file system is a journaled file system that has the greatest use in
>
>Linux today. It is the "Linux" File system. It is quite robust and 
>quick, although it does not scale well to large volumes nor a great 
>number of files. Recently a scalability feature was added called htrees,
>
>which significantly improved EXT3's scalability. However it is still not
>
>as scalable as some of the other file systems listed even with htrees. 
>It scales similar to NTFS with htrees. Without htrees, EXT3 does not 
>handle more than about 5,000 files in a directory.
>
>-HTH
>--
>Art Wildman
>National Weather Service Office, JAX FL. http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jax
>"If you choose not to decide, you still have made a choice"
>-Rush|Freewill
>
>--
>redhat-sysadmin-list mailing list
>redhat-sysadmin-list redhat com
>https://www.redhat.com/mailman/listinfo/redhat-sysadmin-list
>
>--
>redhat-sysadmin-list mailing list
>redhat-sysadmin-list redhat com
>https://www.redhat.com/mailman/listinfo/redhat-sysadmin-list



-----
Dominique Démoré
Technical Services Coordinator
Rainbow District School Board
69 Young Street
Sudbury, Ontario
P3E 3G5
Tel: (705) 674-3171 x. 258
Fax: (705) 671-2442


--
redhat-sysadmin-list mailing list
redhat-sysadmin-list redhat com
https://www.redhat.com/mailman/listinfo/redhat-sysadmin-list



[Date Prev][Date Next]   [Thread Prev][Thread Next]   [Thread Index] [Date Index] [Author Index]