Achieving unity of command and unity of effort
Combatant commanders must rely on a comprehensive set of digital capabilities that use decision-quality data to support the warfighter with trusted access to reliable and timely information. Therefore, the development and implementation of the Joint All-Domain Command and Control (JADC2) system prioritizes transforming voluminous amounts of data with varying levels of quality into actionable information leading to accelerated decisions.
Decision dominance is underpinned by architectural and operational decisions that create the foundation for multi-domain operations (MDO). The JADC2 construct requires organization-wide Department of Defense (DoD) information collection, analysis, and correlation of the “data enterprise” that generates actionable knowledge—a key enabler and catalyst in providing the warfighter an on-demand operational capability. Currently, DoD mission partners operate and maintain highly sophisticated, globally distributed environments that are often cumbersome and isolated. Crossdomain data ingress and egress, particularly during real-world events, further highlight these complex challenges.
Accelerating the transformation of raw data into actionable intelligence will equip Joint Forces to make timely and confident decisions concerning warfighter operations. The contents of the command and control (C2) systems, often just raw data, attempts to support decision-making. However, often operators and commanders struggle to find the information they need to make sound decisions. Valuable data is frequently trapped in organizational silos, inconsistently described and named, missing critical pieces of information, and frequently out of date. Also, sharing data across applications—despite the apparent benefits—introduces more uncertainty as these data problems multiply.
For Joint Force C2 functions to achieve decision dominance in all-domain operations, the implementation strategy requires a blend of planning guidance, industry advancements, and modernized technologies that use and combine existing data and infuse new data assets while adapting commercial solutions to military-specific requirements.
Those requirements, driven by lines of effort (LOE), will need to mandate that applications and data that will play critical roles in the ability to improve Joint Force C2, while also enabling commanders to “sense, make sense, and act,” will be re-composable and based on modern applications built using microservices. Also, given real-time access to data, the warfighter will need to overmatch the adversary in the globally distributed MDO world of modern warfare.