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How to automate Podman installation and deployment using Ansible

Learn how to easily install and deploy Podman using Ansible in your environment.
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How to automate Podman install and deployment with Ansible

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Ansible is an open source IT automation engine used to automate application organization, framework computerization, cloud provisioning, and numerous IT administration tasks. Ansible improves the adaptability, consistency, and dependability of the IT climate.

Podman is an open source containerization platform that packages all the dependencies for building, shipping, and running applications as Podman containers. Using container virtualization technology ensures that an application works seamlessly in any environment. Podman CLI can implement almost all the commands from the Docker CLI.

[ Readers also liked: Improved systemd integration with Podman 2.0 ]

In this article, I show you how to automate Podman with Ansible by demonstrating how to automate various operations on the managed node. These are the following operations that you learn how to perform on a managed node:

  • Install Podman
  • Pull the httpd server image
  • Copy the HTML code in the destination directory
  • Run the httpd container and expose it to the public
  • Start the webserver

For this procedure, I'm using Ansible 2.10.

Playbook for the entire setup

Installing Podman

In the package module, assign the name of the software you need to install. The state tag is used to describe the desired condition of the software, here I use present, which means install.

  - name: installing podman
    package:
      name: "podman"
      state: present

Pull the httpd server image from the Podman image repository

Using the Ansible podman image module, pull the httpd image.

  - name: Pull an image
    containers.podman.podman_image:
      name: httpd

Copy webpage

Using the copy module, copy the webpage from source to destination.

  - name: Copying file into home
    copy:
      src: /root/ws1/index.html
      dest: /home

Run the httpd container

Run the container in detached mode and attach the volume to it after exposing its port.

  - name: Re-create a redis container
    containers.podman.podman_container:
      name: sarthak
      image: httpd
      state: started
      detach: true
      exposed_ports:
        - 80
      ports:
        - 4444:80
      volumes: /home/:/usr/local/apache2/htdocs/

Running playbook to run Podman services

Confirm your managed node has Podman installed

Podman is not installed on this system, so install it by using the podman.yml playbook.

podman --version
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Results of the podman --version command

Next, run the playbook:

ansible-playbook podman.yml
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Playbook

Confirm that Podman successfully installed:

podman --version
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Updated output from podman --version

Verify the httpd server image was successfully pulled:

podman ps
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Output of podman ps confirming httpd is running

Check the web server:

curl [ip address]:[port no]
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Output of curl to confirm the web service is available

After following all these steps, Podman will be configured in your systems, and the website will be hosted on the 4444 port.

The complete playbook file:

---
- hosts: podman
  tasks:
  - name: installing podman
    package:
      name: "podman"
      state: present
  - name: Pull an image
    containers.podman.podman_image:
      name: httpd
  - name: Copying file into home
    copy:
      src: /root/ws1/index.html
      dest: /home
  - name: Re-create a redis container
    containers.podman.podman_container:
      name: sarthak
      image: httpd
      state: started
      detach: true
      exposed_ports:
        - 80
      ports:
        - 4444:80
      volumes: /home/:/usr/local/apache2/htdocs/

[ Need more on Ansible? Take a free technical overview course from Red Hat. Ansible Essentials: Simplicity in Automation Technical Overview. ] 

Wrap up

Ansible can be used to install Podman and to deploy Podman containers, simplifying your sysadmin life and adding scalability and flexibility to your environment.

Check out these related articles on Enable Sysadmin

Topics:   Linux   Containers   Ansible   Automation  
Author’s photo

Sarthak Jain

Sarthak Jain is a Pre-Final Year Computer Science undergraduate from the University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES). He is a cloud and DevOps enthusiast, knowing various tools and methodologies of DevOps. More about me

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