Whether it's for a class I'm taking, a meeting I'm in, or just random thoughts that pop into my head, I'm often jotting down a note about something. The problem is that once I've made a note, I have to save that note somewhere, and worse still, I have to find it again later.
[ Keep your most commonly used commands handy with the Linux commands cheat sheet. ]I started using the
.noteextension for my notes so that, with one quick find command, I could locate all the notes I had scattered around my system. Then I wanted to browse through the notes, so I saved my note files in a notebook directory and used
lessto browse as needed. But inevitably, I'd take a note on my desktop or my phone instead of my laptop and lose track of it for days. So I started hunting for synchronization solutions.
Eventually, I decided it was time to stop reinventing the wheel and start using a proper notebook application.
With a good notebook application, you can take notes arbitrarily and then sort through and organize them later. You can search through notes for a keyword or phrase you remember writing down but can't remember when, where, or why. In the best case, you can take notes on any device and have those notes appear on all your other devices.
Here are my three favorite Linux note-taking applications.
Joplin is an open source notebook application that lets you write notes in markdown and self-host them, so you can synchronize them between devices.
[ Learn the story behind Joplin. ]
Joplin's desktop interface is simple and intuitive. The left panel lists notebooks. A notebook contains any number of notes listed in the next panel to the right. In the editor panel, you can write in markdown, add images, and view the rendered note by toggling the view mode. You can search through your notes using the search field and assign tags to notes to help you focus on common topics.
All of this makes for a natural and efficient system for taking and organizing notes, but what's even better is the high availability of Joplin. Joplin has applications for all major platforms, including all the usual desktop operating systems and Android and iOS mobile devices. You can synchronize your notes (they're markdown files) to any WebDAV service, Nextcloud, Joplin Cloud, Dropbox, One Drive, and more.
I have a Joplin-specific user on my Nextcloud instance, and I synchronize all markdown files to it. With Joplin, you have access to your notebook no matter where you are and what device you have at hand when inspiration strikes. No more scribbling a note into a random file that you promise yourself you'll integrate into your notes as soon as possible. Add your notes to Joplin, and have your digital notebook whenever you need it.
Sometimes it seems like there's nothing Nextcloud doesn't have. There's a notebook application available from the Nextcloud Apps menu in the Office & text section. Install it and then launch it from the top left toolbar.To use the Notes app, click on Settings in the bottom left of your Nextcloud interface and define the folder you want to store your note files. Then create notes using standard markdown syntax.
The Notes display is a sort of hybrid between markdown and rendered text. Headings appear large, code has a monospace font, text is bolded and italicized, and links are active. However, you can still see the markdown characters in a subdued color. This view provides the best of both worlds, and I enjoy having both a stylized note and the ability to see the markdown that defines it. However, not everyone wants to see the markdown syntax, so there's a Preview mode in the top-right menu, which displays only the rendered text.
[ Learn why Nextcloud is the ultimate open source productivity suite. ]
Nextcloud Notes isn't (yet?) as dynamic as Joplin, so if you're a visual thinker and want to integrate graphics with your typed notes, Notes may not be for you. However, if you primarily make text notes and don't mind the default hybrid view, Notes is a great application to run in a browser tab during the workday. You can switch over to it at a moment's notice, enter some text, and, because it's in your own Nextcloud instance, have access to it on any device you're using.
3. Org mode
Joplin and Nextcloud work best with a graphical user interface (GUI). That's not to say they require a GUI, because there are ways to type markdown into something as basic as a
heredoc command and send a note through WebDAV so it'll show up in your application of choice. But that's not really how they're designed to be used. If you're averse to graphical interfaces, org mode might be the notebook you've been looking for.
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In fact, there's a Vim org mode available for those who don't care for Emacs and at least two org mode apps for Android. This feature is possible because "org mode" is ultimately a markup language, which enables you to program specific behaviors based on text. For instance, expansion (sometimes called "folding") is possible in lists, and a list is recognized as a sequence of lines, each starting with one or more asterisks.
Using simple text combinations like that, you can create to-do lists (and mark complete items), manage your calendar, and much more.
* List item one ** Subitem one *** Sub subitem one * List item two collapsed... * List item three ** Subitem three *** Sub subitem three
My org mode notebook file is currently 1,810 lines, with the earliest entry dated 2019-03-19. Some entries get rotated as I accomplish tasks, but others are evergreen notes that I refer to often. The search function (that's
C-s in Emacs) is all it takes for me to find a note or a topic. I use Git to synchronize my notebook with my mobile phone's notebook, so I have it handy no matter where I am.
Org mode is a big project with more functionality than you're likely to use. Start simple by using the intuitive list functions, then expand to to-do lists. Once you have those techniques down, you'll be able to pick and choose what other features are worth learning.
I've listed three notebook applications because, in real life, I use more than one solution. Joplin is great as a shared notebook. I maintain notes in Joplin for my volunteer work at a community center, and I can share these notes with the staff members who also need daily access to the information there. I use org mode for personal notes. I don't actively use Nextcloud Notes, but I used it almost exclusively for about three years before discovering Joplin.
Any of these three applications is an excellent way to organize the arbitrary data in your life. Give one a try, and reclaim your random access brain space.
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