Fedora is a popular Linux distribution and the upstream community project for Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). Fedora influences what's included in future RHEL releases.
As a community project, Fedora depends heavily on its community for various purposes, including testing the distribution. The project hosts Test Days regularly for testing the latest Fedora kernel. Members of the Fedora community (or anybody interested in the project) can download and test the newest kernel and submit the results back to Fedora. This approach allows Fedora to understand how the latest kernel works on different systems and supported architectures (physical or virtual). It also allows the community to fix any issues found during the test.
Testing the kernel might sound like a mammoth task; however, do not worry, all of the test cases are automated, and it won't take much of your time from start to finish. This way, you help the Fedora community, and you could earn a badge for your effort.
To participate in this effort, you need a system (physical or virtual) that has the latest Fedora distribution installed (depending on which kernel version is under test). Installing Fedora on a virtual machine is a breeze. Once installed, ensure that you upgrade all the packages:
$ dnf upgrade --refresh
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Download and install the latest Fedora kernel
Once Fedora is up and running, install the Koji command-line utility. Koji is software that builds RPM packages for Fedora. This application is required to download the RPMs with the kernel you're testing. The exact version number of the kernel being tested should be included on the Test Day page, so adjust as necessary:
$ sudo dnf install koji $ koji download-build --arch=x86_64 kernel-5.18.1-200.fc36
This command downloads a bunch of RPMs onto your system. These RPMs contain the latest kernel and related packages:
$ ls anaconda-ks.cfg kernel-devel-5.18.1-200.fc36.x86_64.rpm kernel-5.18.1-200.fc36.x86_64.rpm kernel-devel-matched-5.18.1-200.fc36.x86_64.rpm kernel-core-5.18.1-200.fc36.x86_64.rpm kernel-modules-5.18.1-200.fc36.x86_64.rpm << snip >> kernel-debug-modules-5.18.1-200.fc36.x86_64.rpm RECIPE.TXT kernel-debug-modules-extra-5.18.1-200.fc36.x86_64.rpm
Install these downloaded kernel RPMs:
$ dnf update ./kernel-*.rpm
In this example, the previous kernel version was 5.17, and the new kernel (5.18) has been installed on the system. However, the system is still booting from the older kernel (5.17), so you need to reboot the system to test the 5.18 kernel:
$ ls -l /boot/ | grep vmlin -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 11771888 Jun 6 05:11 vmlinuz-0-rescue-e9d9a3e68678497ca4bf69195b715792 -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 11771888 May 30 13:15 vmlinuz-5.17.12-300.fc36.x86_64 -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 12897776 Jun 3 12:15 vmlinuz-5.18.1-200.fc36.x86_64 $ uname -r 5.17.12-300.fc36.x86_64
Reboot the system with the following command. Once the system is back up, you can see it has booted using the 5.18 kernel tested in this example:
$ shutdown -r now $ uname -r 5.18.1-200.fc36.x86_64
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Get ready to test the latest kernel
Now that you have booted from the required kernel, install a set of packages that are required by the automated test suite you will be running on the system:
$ dnf install gcc git python3-fedora $ dnf install make libtirpc libtirpc-devel policycoreutils-python-utils
In addition to installing the required packages, you need to make a tiny modification to the system to make the heap memory executable. This configuration is needed for the automated test suite:
$ semanage boolean -m --on selinuxuser_execheap
Install and run the automated test suite
Now that you've prepared the system and dependencies, it's time to get and run the automated test suite. Clone the repo containing the kernel tests by running the following Git command. Once you have cloned the repo, move to the
$ git clone https://pagure.io/kernel-tests.git $ cd kernel-tests
Run a simple shell script named
runtest.sh to launch the test suite. This script tests the kernel on various parameters, including cache, memfd, SELinux, and stack-randomness. Do not worry too much about these components if you are just starting out. You just need to focus on whether all of these tests PASS or FAIL. Depending on your system, the tests shouldn't take more than 10 minutes. If you wish to make your testing effort count and earn a badge from Fedora, please check the final section of this article before running this command:
You can run the performance tests using the command below if you have a machine with a good hardware configuration (CPU and RAM). Note that these tests take slightly longer to run.
$ ./runtests.sh -t performance
Once the test run completes, you can revert the earlier change that you made to the system to make the heap memory executable using this command:
$ sudo semanage boolean -m --off selinuxuser_execheap
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Make your effort count
Since you have taken the time to test the Fedora kernel, you can make it count. First, create an account with Fedora. Then, within the
kernel-tests directory, create a config file by copying an existing template:
$ cd kernel-tests $ cp config.example .config $ vim .config
You need to modify two parameters in this configuration file. The first,
submit=authenticated, tells the test suite that you are interested in submitting the results file to Fedora for analysis. For the second parameter,
username=, enter the username you created when registering your Fedora account. It will ask you for your account password, which you can enter on the command line. You should see a message saying it uploaded successfully. This will help you earn a testing badge from Fedora, which is visible on the portal.
$ grep -E '^submit|^username' .config submit=authenticated username='gkamathe'
RHEL is a stable and trusted Linux distribution, and a lot of work goes into achieving that.
The development of projects like Fedora and CentOS reveals much about the direction RHEL is headed. The continued testing these communities do is an important contribution to forming the industry's flagship Linux distribution. Be a part of that process by participating in Fedora Test Days.