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How to use Subscription Manager on Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)

Use Subscription Manager to sign up your RHEL machines for important software updates and manage them from your central Red Hat account.
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Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) gets updates and support through a subscription service. There are different subscription levels, and which you choose depends on the purpose of a particular system. For a cluster of mission-critical servers, you'd obviously invest in Red Hat support, while for a test server you might choose self-support.

Regardless of what level of support you invest in, it's important to register the computer running RHEL so that you can manage it from your central Red Hat account and you receive important software updates.

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Register RHEL during installation

The first chance you get to register your RHEL operating system (OS) is during installation.

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Registering RHEL
(Seth Kenlon, CC BY-SA 4.0)

Once a system is attached to your account, you can set the system's purpose. This is a useful way to influence what kinds of software repositories are activated for you, and what kinds of updates are significant to that computer.

This is an easy way to get your system registered early, and it means some sensible defaults are set once you're ready to use your new OS for the first time.

Register in the terminal

Using the subscription-manager command, you can register a new RHEL system with the register subcommand along with your Red Hat account username:

$ sudo subscription-manager register --username shadowman

Define the system's purpose

Once you've attached a computer to your Red Hat account, you can also define that system's purpose. This can help you organize your own data about your active machines, but it also helps the OS make intelligent decisions about some system preferences. For instance, if you set a purpose of "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server," then a subscription for that role is used when auto-attaching subscriptions.

First, look at your current settings. There may not be any, depending on who installed the OS and what information they configured during that process. My system was configured in advance, so my terminal returns this:

$ sudo subscription-manager syspurpose
[sudo] password for shadowman: 
{
  "addons": [],
  "role": "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Workstation",
  "service_level_agreement": "Premium",
  "usage": "Production"
}

There are four attributes to a system's purpose: addons, role, service-level, and usage. You can use any of these key terms to see the options available for them. For instance, to see available options for the system's role:

$ sudo subscription-manager syspurpose role --list
[sudo] password for shadowman:
+-------------------------------------------+
               Available role
+-------------------------------------------+
 - Red Hat Enterprise Linux Workstation
 - Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server
 - Red Hat Enterprise Linux Compute Node

What's available depends, in part, on your service level agreement (SLA). If you're using RHEL with self-support only, then the only usage setting available is "Development/Test." If you want to increase your level of support, log into the Red Hat website or speak to sales.

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To set a value for system purpose, use the --set option:

$ sudo subscription-manager syspurpose role --set \
"Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server"

[sudo] password for shadowman: 
role set to "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server".

Manage systems

When you're responsible for any number of computers, it's important to understand how they're being maintained and updated. Using the Subscription Manager ensures that your computers are visible to your team and that mission-critical machines are signed up for vital updates. Whether you interact with subscriptions at installation, from the terminal, or through Cockpit, Subscription Manager is an important component of a well-organized fleet.

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Topics:   RHEL   Linux administration   Linux  
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Seth Kenlon

Seth Kenlon is a UNIX geek and free software enthusiast. More about me

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