Red Hat has continued to work with our partners to better enable world class performance. Recently, AMD released its EPYC "Genoa" 4th Gen Data Center CPU, known as the AMD EPYC 9004 Series. With a die size of 5nm, AMD increased the core count to 96 cpu and 192 threads / socket with 384 MB L3 cache size. Other significant advances include 128 lanes of Gen5 PCIe and 12 channels of DDR5 RAM, for up to 6TB RAM per socket.  Red Hat and AMD Genoa have achieved some leading performance benchmarks results for workloads running on Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 8 and RHEL 9.

With a long history of collaboration, Red Hat and AMD have worked together to deliver enhanced performance to enterprise data centers and beyond. Red Hat’s development and performance engineering teams have been working on hardware enablement and validation of these “Genoa” processors for more than a year, resulting in several benchmark publications using Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL).

Red Hat engineering uses prototype hardware from partners to integrate partner-specific changes that are pushed upstream into various supported RHEL versions. The Red Hat performance engineering team runs a variety of CPU, Memory, Disk and Network IO benchmarks for proper operation in order to enable peak performance, driving us to deliver world class enterprise performance on new hardware across supported architectures. Today, we’re pleased to share the new world records set by AMD partners with both RHEL 8, as well as the first set of results using RHEL 9.

Results

These benchmarks cover CPU perf  SPEC CPU [1],  Java performance SPECjbb2015 [2],  power efficiency SPECpower_ssj2008 [3], Database AI  TPCx-AI [4], SPEC IoT gateways TPCx-IOT [5] and  LowLatency Networking STAC-N [6], SAP Sales and Distribution SD [7]

Significance

Benchmark

OEM Platform

 

OS Version

Top RHEL9 Result

SPECspeed 2017 Integer

HPE ProLiant DL325 Gen11 (2.40 GHz, AMD EPYC 9654P)

RHEL 9.0

Top RHEL8.x Result

SPECspeed 2017 Integer

Lenovo Global Technology ThinkSystem SR655 v3

RHEL 8.6

Top RHEL9 Result

SPECrate 2017 Floating Point

HPE ProLiant DL325 Gen11 (2.40 GHz, AMD EPYC 9654P)

RHEL 9.0

Top RHEL9 Result

SPECrate 2017 Integer

HPE ProLiant DL325 Gen11 (2.40 GHz, AMD EPYC 9654P)

RHEL 9.0

Top RHEL8.x Results (2)

SPECrate 2017 Floating Point

Lenovo Global Technology ThinkSystem SR655 v3

RHEL 8.6

Top RHEL8.x Results (3)

SPECrate 2017 Integer

Lenovo Global Technology ThinkSystem SR655 v3

RHEL 8.6

Top RHEL8.x result

SPECjbb2015-MultiJVM Max jOPS and Critical-jOPS

Lenovo Global Technology ThinkSystem SR655 v3

RHEL 8.6

Top RHEL 8.x result

SPECpower_ssj2008

Lenovo Global Technology ThinkSystem SR655 v3

RHEL 8.6

World Record SAP

SAP SD Standard Application Benchmark two-tier benchmark

Dell PowerEdge R7615 (1-processor)

RHEL 8.6

World Record SAP

SAP SD Standard Application Benchmark two-tier benchmark

Dell PowerEdge R7625 (2-processor)

RHEL 8.6

World Record AI

TPCx-AI - 3TB

Dell PowerEdge R7615 

RHEL 8.6

World Record AI

TPCx-AI - 10 TB

Dell PowerEdge R7615 

RHEL 8.6

World Record AI

TPCx-AI - 30 TB

Dell PowerEdge R6625

RHEL 8.6

World Record AI

TPCx-AI - 100 TB

Dell PowerEdge R6625 

RHEL 8.6

World Record AI

TPCx-AI - 300 TB

Dell PowerEdge R6625

RHEL 8.6

World Record AI

TPCx-AI - 1000 TB

Dell PowerEdge R640/R740xd

RHEL 8.6

World Record IoT

TPCx-IoT V2

Dell PowerEdge R7615

RHEL 8.6

World Record 

STAC-N UDP over 25GbE using AMD Xilinx OpenOnload®

HPE ProLiant DL345 Gen10 Plus Servers using AMD EPYC™ 75F3 Processors @ 2.95 GHz w/ AMD Xilinx XtremeScale™ X2522-25G-PLUS Adapters 

RHEL 8.4

Source: AMD EPYC™ Processor World Records 

These benchmarks cover a broad spectrum of workloads. We believe they provide solid evidence that RHEL excels at handling scalable workloads and thrives in changing environments. We know this is important as enterprise customers place increasing demands on their infrastructure.

The ongoing support and collaboration with AMD and the ecosystem of ISV and OEM partners does not stop with benchmarks. It goes beyond performance to new chip and server features to make RHEL a natural choice for advanced projects, leading-edge implementations and other emerging technology efforts that our partners and customers may be engaging in. We are seeing OEMs and ISVss use RHEL 7 and now RHEL 8 to run "extreme" workload benchmarks, and we expect to see this role expand as more applications are certified on RHEL 8.

[1] SPEC CPU 2017 (Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9.0/8.6)

All results as of Dec 18th, 2022. SPEC and the benchmark names SPECspeed and SPECrate  are registered trademarks of the Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation. For more information about SPEC and its benchmarks see: www.spec.org

[2] SPECjbb2015-MultiJVM (Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.6)

SPECjbb2015 is a benchmark that measures the performance of Java and its application features. All results as of Dec 18th, 2022. SPEC and the benchmark name SPECjbb  are registered trademarks of the Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation. For more information about SPEC and its benchmarks see: www.spec.org.

[3] SPECpower_ssj2008 (Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.6)

SPECpower_ssj 2008 is the first industry-standard SPEC benchmark that evaluates the power and performance characteristics of volume server class computers. The initial benchmark addresses the performance of server-side Java, and additional workloads are planned.. All results as of Dec 18th, 2022. SPEC and the benchmark name SPECpower_ssj  are registered trademarks of the Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation. For more information about SPEC and its benchmarks see: www.spec.org.

[4] TPCx-AI (Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.6)

TPC is a trademark of the Transaction Processing Performance Council (TPC). For more information about the TPC and its benchmarks see www.tpc.org

[5] TPCx-IOT (Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.6)

TPCx-IOT is a benchmark which enables the direct comparison of software/hardware solutions for IoT gateways. 

[6] STAC Securities Technology Analysis Center

STAC is the Security Technology Analysis Center that improves technology discovery and assessment in the finance industry through dialog and research. 

[7] SAP results

There are new world record 1-processor and 2-processor results on the two-tier SAP® Sales and Distribution (SD) standard application benchmark1. The results were achieved on the Dell PowerEdge R7615 (1-processor) and the R7625 (2-processor) servers running RHEL 8.6, and SAP enhancement package 5 for the SAP ERP application Release 6.0 with SAP ASE 16 database2.

Both of these results are the highest number of SAP SD 2-tier benchmark users posted in their respective processor count category3. Also, when compared to a Windows result using the same two AMD EPYC processors, the RHEL result of 148,000 SD benchmark users is 42.3% more than the Windows result of 104,000 SD benchmark users4.

The confidence placed in Red Hat by our customers and partners like AMD is a motivator for expanding capabilities and delivering innovative features in the future versions of the Linux OS. Our continued goal is to be the trusted OS of choice for partners and customers alike, regardless of scale, architecture or complexity of workloads.

Notes

All results as of Nov 18th, 2022. SPEC and the benchmark names SPEC CPU and SPECjbb are registered trademarks of the Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation. For more information about SPEC and its benchmarks see: www.spec.org. TPC is a trademark of the Transaction Processing Performance Council (TPC). For more information about the TPC and it's benchmarks see www.tpc.org. SAP and SAP NetWeaver are the registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and in several other countries. See www.sap.com/benchmark for more information. STAC is the Security Technology Analysis Center that improves technology discovery and assessment in the finance industry through dialog and research.  For more information visit http://www.stacresearch.com/.

For the latest SAP benchmark results, visit: http://www.sap.com/benchmark. SAP, Sybase and all SAP logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and in several other countries. All other company/product names and service marks may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.


1 These benchmarks fully comply with the SAP Benchmark Council regulations and have been audited and certified by SAP AG (certification numbers 2022028 for the 1-processor and 2022029 for the 2-processor).  Details can be found at http://www.sap.com/benchmark

2 Minimum data for the Dell PowerEdge R7615, certification number 2022028, 1 processor / 96 cores / 192 threads

Minimum data for the Dell PowerEdge R7625, certification number 2022029, 2 processors / 192 cores / 384 threads

3 Statement of comparison is based on the highest number of benchmark users for the SAP SD Standard Application Benchmark two-tier benchmark on any 1 processor system for the Dell PowerEdge R7615 and any 2 processor system for the Dell PowerEdge R7625.

4 Statement of comparison with Windows is based on certification number 2022027, 2 processors / 192 cores / 384 threads running on Windows Server 2022 and SAP enhancement package 5 for the SAP ERP application Release 6.0.