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Get started on OpenStack with DevStack

Start tinkering with the open hybrid cloud by using DevStack to create a local OpenStack installation on a spare server or laptop.
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When you think about building your own cloud, you might think of creating a Kubernetes cluster across several machines so that you can run and orchestrate containerized applications. That's a good start for some organizations, but as your user base grows, you may need to scale more than just the containers where your cluster is running. You might even find that you need to scale your Kubernetes clusters themselves at some point. OpenStack manages the infrastructure your clusters run on, and with OpenStack, you can allocate compute, storage, and networking resources as needed by your cloud.

Red Hat has a detailed overview of installing OpenShift on OpenStack that explains all the considerations for a high-performance and scalable private cloud, and recommended resources include some pretty big numbers, like 112GB of RAM, 28 vCPUs, and so on.

Before you commit those resources, you might want to learn some of the tooling around OpenStack, such as Keystone (for identity), Swift (for object storage) and Cinder (block storage), Glance (image services), Nova (compute), Neutron (networking), and the Horizon dashboard.

You can get experience with all of these tools and more through a plugin system using DevStack, a method provided by OpenStack developers to create a local OpenStack installation.

Install DevStack

DevStack is, in many ways, the OKD (formerly Minishift) or Minikube of OpenStack. It's designed for development and testing, and while it's very flexible in what it lets you do, it's also not meant for production use. DevStack can help you understand the many OpenStack components and how to customize them.

A few important requirements:

  • Sudo privileges: The DevStack installer requires sudo privileges.
  • Dedicated machine: Run DevStack on a dedicated computer or virtual machine.

DevStack isn't as big as OpenStack, but it's still big. The DevStack installer applies many changes to your system, so do not attempt to run it casually on your daily computer.

1. Git clone

Assuming you've got a dedicated machine and a user with sudo access, the first step is to clone the DevStack Git repo. If you intend to develop on DevStack, omit the --depth 1 option, but if you only intend to install and explore, then a "shallow clone" is sufficient:

$ git clone --depth 1 https://opendev.org/openstack/devstack

2. Configure

The DevStack installation process requires a few secrets during setup. Create your own in a file called local.conf at the root level of the Git repository you just cloned:

$ cat << EOF >> devstack/local.conf
[[local|localrc]]
ADMIN_PASSWORD=MySecretPassword123
DATABASE_PASSWORD=\$ADMIN_PASSWORD
RABBIT_PASSWORD=\$ADMIN_PASSWORD
SERVICE_PASSWORD=\$ADMIN_PASSWORD
EOF

DevStack includes a sample configuration file in the samples directory, so review that if you want to see more about what's possible before installing.

[ Take your Linux skills to the next level. Download the Advanced Linux commands cheat sheet. ]

3. Run the install script

Run the installer:

$ cd devstack
$ chmod +x ./stack.sh
$ ./stack.sh

The installation can take some time, depending on your internet connection speed. It defaults to an unattended install though, so once you get a good idea of what the script is doing, feel free to wander off for a cup of coffee.

Use DevStack

Once the installation finishes, you must import some settings into your shell session:

$ source openrc

Now you have full access to the openstack command and its many subcommands. You can view your current project list, which is mostly empty:

$ openstack project list
+--------------------+--------------------+
| ID                 | Name               |
+--------------------+--------------------+
| 0799779469[...]d35 | demo               |
| 1cc22ccfce[...]07d | invisible_to_admin |
+-----------------------------------------+

You can download and create images:

$ wget http://download.cirros-cloud.net/0.x.y/cirros-0.x.y-x86_64-disk.img
$ openstack image create \
cirros-0.5.1-x86_64-disk.img
$ openstack image list
+--------------------+-------------------+--------+
| ID                 | Name              | Status |
+--------------------+-------------------+--------+
| b8ae9c5f-[...]6112 | cirros-[...]-disk | active |
| a85fd997-[...]3cde | cirros-[...]-disk | active |
+--------------------+-------------------+--------+

Alternately, you can use the Horizon dashboard, a web interface to your overcloud.

Image
OpenStack Horizon dashboard
(Seth Kenlon, CC BY-SA 4.0)

Learn OpenStack

OpenStack has everything you need to build your own open hybrid cloud. With S3-like object storage, easy integration with Kubernetes, OpenShift, and Kafka, an array of plugins and helper applications, and more, it's an excellent choice for a cloud platform, open and otherwise. DevStack is an easy way to explore the utilities it provides, so grab a spare server or even a laptop and try it out.

Check out these related articles on Enable Sysadmin

Topics:   Cloud   OpenStack  
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Seth Kenlon

Seth Kenlon is a UNIX geek and free software enthusiast. More about me

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